30 terms

Ecology

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Terms in this set (...)

non-living factors in the environment
abiotic
living factors in the environment
biotic
any plant or animal
organism
the study of the interaction between organisms and the environment
ecology
one single organism
individual
The ecosystems of planet earth
biosphere
one organism, a single living thing
individual
An area with similar climate and ecosystems
biome
a group of interbreeding organisms living in the same area (all of the deer in the forest)
population
all the organisms living in the same area AND their nonliving environment
ecosystem
all the organisms of all types living in the same area
community
the process in which water droplets turn into water vapor
evaporation
the process in which water vapor turns back into water droplets
condensation
water droplets that become too heavy and fall from the clouds (can be in the form of snow, hail, rain)
precipitation
water running undergroung
ground water flow
the action of breathing
respiration
carbon dioxide released in the air
CO2 in the air
the burning of fuel resulting in the release of carbon dioxide
combustion
An organism that gets its energy from the sun
producer
An organisms that gets its energy from eating other organisms
consumer
An organism that gets its energy from breaking down dead organisms
decomposer
A type of consumer that eats only other animals
carnivore
A type of consumer that eats only plants
herbivore
A type of consumer that eats both plants and animals
omnivore
When one organism feeds on another organism
predator-prey
A symbiotic relationship in which the health of one organism benefits and the health of the other is harmed
parasitism
The gradual development of a community over time
succession
When a community grows where previously there was only barren rock
primary succession
When a community grows back after it has been destroyed by fire or farming
secondary succession
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