91 vocab Milestones Review
Terms in this set (91)
5 regions of GA
(Blue Ridge, Ridge and Valley, Appalachian Plateau, Piedmont, and Coastal Plains.
Blue Ridge Region
Home to apples and the highest point in Georgia, Brasstown Bald.
Largest region, home to peanuts, sandy soil and Okefenokee Swamp.
Separates the Piedmont and Coastal Plains (Augusta, Macon and Columbus are located on it.
separates Georgia from South Carolina
separates Georgia from Alabama
To red clay soil, Atlanta, and is the most populated
oldest and most primitive prehistoric period; atlatl and the large Clovis spear point.
prehistoric period known; clay pottery, shellfish and horticulture
first to live in tribes, built effigies (Rock Eagle) and invented the bow and arrow!
Hernando De Soto
1st explorer to travel throughout Southeast looking for gold; discovered Mississippi R.
The most advanced; large temple burial mounds; palisade walls
located along barrier islands to convert the Indians to Catholicism
founder of GA - Chief Tomochichi allowed him to settle on Yamacraw Bluff.
John and Mary Musgrove
They were interpreters for Oglethorpe and Tomochichi
GA was the only proprietary colony governed by a group of trustees
Reasons for Georgia colony
Defense, Charity, Economics
Settled Darien, GA; defended GA's backcountry & at the Battle of Bloody Marsh
Battle of Bloody Marsh
Fought on St. Simon's Island against the Spanish - Oglethorpe victory
First Spanish permanent settlement in New World.
(REW) 1. John Reynolds (Setup a bicameral court system)
2. Henry Ellis (Slavery increased)
3. James Wright - (Built defenses around Savannah, GA Gazette)
Georgians (Liberty Boys) were angry that it taxed all paper products.
Declaration of Independence
GA signers - Button Gwinnett. Dr. Lyman Hall, and George Walton.
Battle of Kettle Creek
Elijah Clarke defeated a force of 800 British troops - boosted morale
who killed and captured 5 British soldiers in her cabin. Hart County named after her.
Abraham Baldwin and William Few
GA signers of the US Constitution
Steps in Juvenile Justice System
1. Intake 2. Detention 3. Formal Hearing (adjudicatory & dispositional) 4. Sentencing.
7 Deadly Sins Act
juveniles can be charged as an adult for committing certain violent crimes
This is an act committed by a juvenile that would be a crime of committed by an adult.
juvenile commits an act such as running away or truancy that is not a crime for adults
Any citizen under the age of 17
30 years or older, US citizen for 15 years, & resident of GA for at least 6 years. Sets the budget each year and enforces laws.
Same qualifications but is the leader of the Senate and assigns bills to committees
Georgia General Assembly
Meets the second Monday of January for 40 days, makes $10,000 a year, the house can pass bills that deals with money, a bill must be the same if passed by both houses. Must be at least 21 to be in the House and 25 in the Senate, they are elected by districts...NOT counties, and they serve for two years
Boards of Commissioners
Most counties are run by elected commissioners
Most money (revenue) of local governments comes from
Mayor Council Form of City Government
city council makes the laws and the elected mayor carries out the law
Council Manager Form of City Government
City council is elected and hires a city manager to run the day-to-day operations of the city.
Treaty of Indian Springs
Creek Chief William McIntosh signed this to remove the Creeks west of the Mississippi River. He was killed by his own people for this.
Treaty of New Echota
Chiefs Elias Boudinot, Major Ridge and his son, John, were killed by his own people for signing this treaty to remove the Cherokee people.
Former slave who wrote the anti-slavery newspaper The North Star
Georgian who would be against secession but became Confederate Vice President.
Executed for leading a slave revolt at Harper's Ferry.
Capital of GA, rail center of the Confederacy and burned by Sherman as he started his march to the sea.
Bloodiest battle in GA
Battle of Antietam
Bloodiest single day in US history - Union Victory
issued after Battle of Antietam - freed all the slaves in Confederacy
Bloodiest battle in American history - Union victory
blocked all confederate ports, prevented supplies from getting to the Confederacy.
Confederate prison for Union soldiers. 13,000 died there!
Sherman's March to the Sea
Destroyed anything of use to the Confederacy from Atl to Savannah
Setup to help former slaves with food, housing and education
Farmers used the land owner's tools, land and promised to share portion of crops
gave all black males the right to vote
John B. Gordon, Joseph Brown and Alfred Colquitt were governors who fought to rebuild the south, bring industry and white supremacy.
Atlanta Race Riot
Tom Watson wrote in his newspaper that black males were attacking white females in 1906. A race riot lasted for three days and left many dead
Booker T. Washington
He believed in education was the key to equality (Atlanta Compromise) and built Tuskegee Institute.
He disagreed with Washington, wrote the book, "The Souls of Black Folks" and demanded equality (Niagara Movement). He also founded the NAACP.
You could only vote if your grandfather could in 1867
He was a very wealthy African American who created a series of barbershops and founded Atlanta Life Insurance.
Atlanta Journal writer who wanted whites and blacks to work together. He wanted a "New South" with more industry and jobs
Prince of Austria whose assassination led to World War I
Plessy V. Ferguson
court case that legalized "separate but equal" (Jim Crow laws)
2 reasons why the US entered WWI
Zimmerman Telegraph and the sinking of the Lusitania
The Boll Weevil
insect that destroyed much of the cotton in Georgia in the early 1900's
The New Deal
created by FDR; series of programs to bring relief during the Great Depression
Axis powers of WWII
Japan, Germany, Italy
The U.S lent war supplies to Allied powers before entering WWII
Allied Powers of WWII
U.S., Great Britain and Soviet Union
Bell Bomber Plant
Made B29 Bombers in Marietta during World War II
Military and POW camps of WWII
Fort Benning, Fort Gordon and Fort Stewart
cargo ships built during WWII in ports cities of Savannah and Brunswick
Brown v. Board of education
Ended Segregation in all public schools
Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes
First African Americans at UGA
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Ended ALL segregation in public places and it was the 1963 March on Washington by Martin L. King who inspired this law
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Organized sit-ins all over the South including lunch counters and bus waiting stations
Dr. Benjamin Mays
First African American to sit on the Atlanta Board of Ed
The first African American Mayor of Atlanta, increased funding for art, helped expand the airport and helped bring the 1996 Olympics to Atlanta
1996 Summer Olympics
Event in GA in 1996 brought international recognition, money, tourists, new facilities and business.
Governor Richard Russell
Father of the National School Lunch Program & created Board of Regents over GA colleges/universities
John "Doc" Pemberton
Separation of Powers
The system we call the three branches of Government that each have powers over the other. Each branch has powers over the others (Checks and Balances)
land distribution system for new settlers as long as they were the "head" of the family
University of Georgia
This was the first land grant university in America.
Mayor William Hartsfield
This Atlanta mayor worked to end segregation and to expand the airport. The airport today is named for him.
President Jimmy Carter
This Georgian became President of the U.S, made peace with Egypt/Israel in the Camp David Peace Accord, and won a Nobel Peace Prize
He extended the school year to 9 months, the grade-level to 12th grade and fought integration!
Racist who started the 1906 Race Riot and created the RFD (Rural Free Delivery Mail to get mail delivered to rural areas of the country)
Mayor of Atlanta in the 1960's. He worked Dr. King and helped end segregation in the city, allowed black policemen to arrest whites and brought major league sports to the city.
Mayor of Atlanta and civil rights leader. He worked to get Atlanta the 1996 Olympics