CH - Skin
Terms in this set (27)
- Includes poison ivy & oak, & diaper dermatitis
- Inflammation of the skin that occurs in response to direct contact with an irritant
- caused by pee/poop/moisture/friction
What does contact dermatitis look like?
Erythema, edema, pruritus, vesicles, or bullae that rupture, ooze, and crust.
What does diaper dermatitis look like?
Raw, moist, or weeping macules and papules.
The skin fold are usually spared.
Common in infants 9-12 months
Complication of diaper dermatitis
Yeast infection or Thrush (fungal)
Treatment for diaper dermatitis
Oral nystatin for thrush in mouth
Cream nystatin for bottom
*NO baby powder b/c can aspirate and lead to asthma.
Atopic dermatitis, aka
Atopic dermatitis eczema is
A chronic, relapsing, superficial inflammatory skin disorder characterized by intense itching.
Up to 60% of children who develop the condition do so during the first year of life.
Most children have or develop allergic conditions such as asthma or food allergies.
What does eczema look like?
Patches with papules, vesicles, exudate, crusts, and excoriation
Chronic eczema: darkened, thickened skin with prominent skin lines, excoriation, dryness, and scaling
What is Acne
Chronic inflammatory disorder of the pilosebaceous HAIR FOLLICLES on the face and trunk
Puberty causes androgens to be released, which triggers the sebaceous gland to produce more sebum.
What are comedones?
Whiteheads and blackheads; ideal environment for anaerobic bacteria. (acne)
What does acne look like?
Papules and pustules develop as inflammation occurs.
Topical and oral meds for acne
Most common bacterial skin condition.
Highly contagious, superficial (epidermal) infection.
Common sites: face, around the mouth, hands, neck, and extremities
Minor skin injuries, insect bites, and dermatitis provide the portal for the infectious agent.
Bullous or bullae means
What does impetigo look like
- Honey-colored crusts and blisters
- Pruritus and regional lymphadenopathy may be present
How to treat impetigo
No bullous: removal of crusts and application of topical antibiotic
If they have bullous: Oral antibiotics
Wash clothes separately, WASH HANDS
Medication for impetigo
mupirocin - topical - apply 3xday for 5 days
- Ring worm
- Different names for different locations
Scalp ring worm
Trunk ring worm
- Head Lice
- Intense itching
- Children ages 3 - 11 years
- Direct contact or sharing hair stuff
How to treat Pediculosis Capitus
- Pyrethrin (shampoo)
- Ovicidal hair rinse - "Permethrin"
- Brush out/tweeze out "nits" (lice eggs)
- wait a few days to wash hair again after treating
- A mite that burrows into your skin in 45 minutes
5% Permethrin lotion, leave in 8-48 hours
Dilated superficial blood vessels.
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