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Community Practice ATI Remediation

Terms in this set (10)

Care of Specific Populations: Tracking Tools for Assisting Migrant Farm Workers:
-Seasonal and migrant workers are employed in farming.
-Employment occurs during the time period required for caring for and harvesting crops.
●Migrant workers make a temporary home during employment at a specific location, and can be paying for their family to live in a different, permanent home at the same time.
●Agricultural workers are not covered under common labor laws (Fair Labor Standards Acts, Occupational Safety and Health Administration protections). Minors 12 years old and older are not covered under the Child Labor Act and can work alongside family members, even under hazardous conditions.
●The Migrant Health Act provides funding for migrant health centers across the U.S., which serve about one‑fifth of the migrant worker population.
●Most migrant farmworkers do not speak English as a first language, and can face barriers of discrimination or ineligibility for services. Undocumented workers might not seek services due to fear of deportation.
●The nurse should use cultural competence to design care for individuals and groups of seasonal and migrant workers

Main Issues in Migrant Health:
-Food insecurity
●Inconsistent income with yearly cycles of unemployment.
●Poor and unsanitary working and housing conditions
●Exposure to environmental pesticides
●Less access to dental, mental health, and pharmacy services
●Inability to afford care
●Reduced availability of services (distance, transportation, hours of service, lack of health record tracking)
●Language barriers and cultural aspects of health care
●Discrimination
●Immigration status (fear that seeking services will lead to deportation

Ch. 5