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Music Appreciation Final
Terms in this set (71)
diagramed as :A: :B:
is a basic musical form, consisting of two sections. Frequently encountered in folk songs, it is the standard form for the single movements in the suites of Bach.
A three-part musical structure (A-B-A) based on statement (A), contrast (B), and repetition (A).
theme & variations
Popular form in which a theme is followed by variations that preserve the phrase lengths and harmonization of the theme while varying its rhythms, melodies, and textures.
A musical form in which a main theme alternates with other themes or sections, for example, A-B-A-C-A.
is defined in the Harvard Brief Dictionary of music as a form frequently used for single movements of the sonata( symphony ) consisting essentially of three sections called exposition, development , and recapitulation usually followed by a closing section called the coda. Each of these have a special function and design.
Expose: The first section of a movement in sonata form. Where the main musical ideas are exposed. This is usually two themes or theme groups. The first theme is in the tonic key and the second is in the dominant key.
develope: serves to develop. the second section of a movement in sonata form.
Resolve: The third principal section of a movement in sonata form whose function is to resolve the harmonic conflicts set up in the exposition and development.
The smallest coherent unit of a larger musical idea.
(1) The first degree, or central note, of the diatonic scale; (2) the triad built on this degree; (3) the key oriented around this degree. total serialist The application of serial techniques to all aspects of musical style.
(1) The fifth degree of the diatonic scale. (2) the triad built on this degree; (3) the key oriented around this degree.
The process of changing keys in a tonal work, as in "the modulation from C major to F minor."
In a movement in sonata form, the unstable stage in an exposition that undertakes the modulation from the tonic to the new key.
The optional final section of a movement or an entire composition.
A chamber work in several movements; in the Baroque, typically for three parts (the continuo part normally requiring two instruments); in later periods, for one or two instruments.
baroque concerto grosso
The principal variety of Baroque concerto, for a small group of soloists (the concertino) and a larger ensemble (the ripieno).
The solo group in a Baroque concerto grosso.
The largest of the two instrumental groups in a Baroque concerto grosso.
(Italian, "all") The full ensemble.
An instrumental composition for orchestra and soloist (or a small group of soloists).
a collection of popular dances usually performed by a soloist or a small chamber group
in the baroque era
symphonic or tone poem
is a piece of orchestral music, usually in a single continuous movement which illustrates or evokes the content of a poem, short story, novel, painting, landscape, or other non musical source.
a piece of music that is meant to express a lot of emotion and does not have a regular form; a great enthusiasm, praise, etc.
An instrumental piece that precedes a dramatic work such as an opera (some overtures are nevertheless independent compositions).
A drama set to music; the dominant form of Western music from the seventeenth through the nineteenth centuries.
A serious, heroic form of eighteenth century opera featuring historical or mythological figures in stereotypical plots stressing the tension between love and duty.
A comic form of eighteenth-century Italian opera featuring everyday characters involved in outlandish plot intrigues.
A "little book" that contains the complete text of an opera, oratorio, and so forth.
A flexible style of vocal delivery employed in opera, oratorio, and cantata and tailored to the accents and rhythms of the text.
A term adopted by Wagner's disciples to designate the "leading motives" in his operas.
(English) A musical entertainment usually on a sacred subject and including recitatives, arias, choruses, and an overture.
music set to the gospel narraitive of the passion of our Lord; after the reformation, a kind of oratio, with narrative, chorals, airs, choruses, having for its theme the passion and crucifixion of Christ.
A Baroque genre for voice(s) and instruments on a sacred or secular poem, including recitatives, arias, and sometimes choruses.
(1) The central worship service of the Roman Catholic Church; (2) the music written for that service.
A descriptive term for the several varieties of polyphonic vocal music, mostly sacred, from the Middle Ages to the present-
a bible verse set out of spsalms set to music
a musical composition of celebration usually used as a symbol for a distinct group, particularly the national anthems of countries. Originally, and in music theory and religious contexts, it also refers more particularly to short sacred choral work and still more particularly to a specific form of Anglican church music.
A simple religious song in several stanzas, sung in a church service by the congregation.
(1) A German hymn, especially popular in the Baroque; (2) a polyphonic setting of such a hymn, such as those by J. S. Bach.
A vocal form that arose in Italy during the sixteenth century and developed into the most ambitious secular form of the Renaissance.
in opera or oratorio, a set piece, usually for a single performer, that expresses a character's emotion about a particular situation. solo song in an opera italian
(German, "song") A vocal piece dating back to the polyphonic Lied of the fourteenth century. The solo German Lied, accompanied by piano, reached its zenith during the nineteenth century.
art song -
A song focusing on artistic rather than popular expression.
chanson - (French, "song") The most popular form of secular vocal music in northern Europe during the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. character piece A short Romantic piano piece that expresses a single overall mood. choir (1) A vocal ensemble with more than one singer to a part; (2) a section of an instrumental ensemble, such as a brass choir.
An instrumental work associated explicitly by the composer with a story or other extramusical idea.
narrative, descriptive, imitative, indefinite, baroque, classical, romantic, modern
music that does not seek to suggest a story, scene, etc, but is concerned purely with tone, structure, etc.
review the following composers:
Vivaldi: Period, Country, nickname, who did he write for, what 2 forms made up the bulk of his music
italian baroque, concerto; had red hair and was sometime called the Red Priest; was also named master of violin; wrote concertos for his students;
Bach: Period, Country, principle musical instrument played, fugue, famous for what type of church music
most famous baroque; Germany; concert pianist, organist and violinist; he wrote church music called cantata and fugue. , musical interpretations of the Bible. Passions, the most famous was the "Passion according to St. matthew."
D.Scarlatti: Period, Country, specialized on what instrument and musical form
Baroque period; today he is known for his 555 keyboard sonatas;
Handel: Period, Country, worked in what 3 countries, most noted for what oratorio
Baroque period;Born in Germany, Moved to Italy, Stayed in England; renaissance & baroque secular opera and oratorio composer; The Messiah became famous in 1750 when presented for charity in the chapel of the founding hospital in london.
Haydn: Period, Country, worked for what family, influenced which 2 major composers
Classical period; austrian classical composer, the Esterhazy family ;symphonies; beethoven and schubert , medelssohn and brahms
Schubert: Period, Country, most perfect creations
romatic period, 600 lieds
Russian 5: who are they, day jobs, why are they considered to reflect nationalism
group of five russian composers- Cesar Cui, A. Borodin, M. Balakirev, M. Mussorgsky, and N. Korsakov. Who banded together to attempt to create a truly national school of russian music.
Beethoven: Period, Country, studied with who, noted for which instrument, wrote a symphony to honor who and then removed the honor why, suffered from what cruelest fate for a musician, importance of symphony #5
classical period; Germany; 9 symphonies; lost his hearing in the mid thirties; studied with Mozart and Haydn;
Mendelssohn: Period, Country, why didn't he struggle, re-introduced which composer, wrote music to accompany a new staging of what famous play
romantic period; absolute piano miniature; world famous wedding march and shakespheres play, a Midsummer Nights Dream
Chopin: Period, Country, worked in what city, nickname, loved a woman with what nickname/pen name
Romantic period; he settled in Paris only giving 30 public performances;nickname for the piece is the Horseman or the Knight, probably because of its galloping style ; he loved a woman who changed her name to George Sand. Born Amantine Lucile Duplin.
C Schumann: Period, Country, noted for which instrument and why important
romantic, song cycle; pianists and changing the format and repertoire of the piano recital and the taste of the listening public.
R Schumann: Period, Country, noted for which instrument, why didn't his career last, founded what musical periodical, plagued by what disease
romantic period; song cycle; unsure maybe syphilis
Brahms: Period, Country, describe double life, influenced by which 2 composers
romantic period; absolute symphonies
Wagner: Period, Country, revolutionized which form, leitmotif, nationalism, music favored by what future dictator
romantic, program music dramas
Berlioz: Period, Country, visual description, noted instrument, focused on what aspect of music, utilized what compositional devise in Symphonie Fantastique
romantic period; program symphony
Liszt: Period, Country, worked in which city, grew up on what famous estate, noted for what instrument, lived with which woman connected to another composer, daughter married which famous composer
romantic, piano; raiding hungary; Esterhazy family estate which employeed his parents. pianoist, educator, and composer
Tchaikovsky: Period, Country, personal challenge, died from what disease
died from Cholera; romantic period; Russia
Dvorak: Period, Country, New World Symphony
romantic period; prague ; Bohemia, australia; best known for his symphony no. 9 from the new world.
Debussy: Period, Country, influenced by what artistic movement
post romantic, sonatas;France; symbolism art movement
Schoenberg: Period, Country, developed which compositional technique, why dismissed from Berlin, adopted country
post romantic, expressionism; dismissed from his teaching post in Berlin because of his Jewish heritage and Hitler; proposed a new resource called tone-color melody. each tone or chord could have its own particular timbre.
Stravinsky: Period, Country, composed music for what artistic group, adopted country
post romantic, impressionism; Russian ; adopted country was france, the united states;
Copland, Period, Country, utilized what type of music in compositions, noted composer for what artistic group
jazz period; France; elements of jazz in his composition;
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