How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Fine Arts

STUDY
PLAY
While Doric order existed in the mainland of Greece and in the west, Ionic order mainly existed in

A) Sicily and Italy
B) Paros and Naxos
C) The Angean Islands and on the coast of Asia Minor
D) Attica and Delphi
The Angean Islands and on the coast of Asia Minor
Although destroyed during the conversion into a church in the 17th century, Pausanias says the east pediment of the Parthenon depicts

A) Poseidon arguing with Athena
B) Apollo's horses
C) The birth of Athena
D) the gate of Athens
The birth of Athena
Each of the metopes on the Parthenon illustrate a

A) Birth
B) Celebration
C) Death
D) Conflict
Conflict
The east metopes of the Parthenon portray

A) Amazonomachy
B) Gigantomachy
C) Illioupersis
D) all of the above
Gigantomachy
How long is the Parthenon's frieze?

A) 525 feet
B) 370 feet
C) 630 feet
D) 255 feet
525 feet
It was typical for scenes on sculpture on temples to depict scenes of

A) Historical wars
B) Cult activity
C) mythology
D) none of the above
Mythology
The frieze of the Parthenon illustrates a procession of Athenians doing which of the following?

A) bearing offerings
B) leading sacrificial victims
C) riding on horseback
D) all of the above
All of the above
The occasion taking place during the procession depicted on the Parthenon frieze is

A) the Gigantomachy of the peplos
B) Panathenaia
C) the sacrifice by King Erechtheus
D) uncertain
Uncertain
Which would have been the first sculptures done for the Parthenon

A) the metopes
B) the frieze
C) the pediments
D) the entablatures
The Metopes
What is the Parthenon made of?

A) Limestone
B) Pentelic marble
C) mudbrick
D) tiles
Pentelic marble
The design of the Parthenon was done by which two architects?

A) Pikionis and Decavallas
B) Libon and Metaxas
C) Iktinos and Kallikrates
D) Ziller and Rizos
Iktinos and Kallikrates
The design of the Parthenon is governed by a ratio of

A) 2:3
B) 7:5
C) 1:2
D) 9:4
9:4
The sculpture done on the pediments of the Parthenon were carved in

A) high relief
B) free standing
C) the round
D) low relief
The round
The figures sculpted on the metopes of the Parthenon were carved in

A) high relief
B) free-standing
C) the round
D) low relief
High relief
The Parthenon combined elements from which two orders?

A) Corinthian and Doric
B) Doric and Ionic
C) Ionic and Corinthian
D) The Parthenon only included Doric elements
Doric and Ionic
The columns of the Temple of Apollo are of

A) Doric order
B) Ionic order
C) Corinthian order
D) both A and B are correct
Doric order
The Temple of Athena was used for worshiping deities associated with

A) fertility
B) health
C) agriculture
D) wars
Wars
The columns of the Temple of Athena are of

A) Doric order
B) Ionic order
C) Corinthian order
D) both A and B are correct
Ionic
How many columns line the east and west sides of the Temple of Athena

A) 4
B) 9
C) 7
D) 5
4
Ionic temples usually follow a column height to length ratio of

A) 7:1
B) 9:4
C) 9:1
D) 7:5
9:1
The columns of the Temple of Athena were governed by a ratio of

A) 7:1
B) 9:4
C) 9:1
D) 7:5
7:1
The sculpture on the east frieze of the Temple of Athena included all of the following gods EXCEPT

A) Zeus
B) Athena
C) Poseidon
D) Apollo
Apollo
The Stoa of Attalos is typical of the

A) Archaic age
B) Classical age
C) Hellenistic age
D) all of the above
Hellenistic age
How many stories tall is the Stoa of Attalos?

A) 5
B) 3
C) 2
D) 1
2
The Stoa of Attalos has features of the

A) Doric order
B) Ionic order
C) Corinthian order
D) both A and B are correct
both A and B are correct
Who was known as The Father of Music Theory in Greece?

A) Pythagoras
B) Archytas
C) Plato
D) Orpheus
Pythagoras
Music was almost always performed in combination with...

A) Interpretive dance
B) An art/sculpture reveal
C) A poetry reading
D) All of the above
All of the above
Dorian modes were known as being...

A) Sensual
B) Calming
C) Energetic
D) Harsh
Harsh
Which of the following best describes the style of ancient Greek music?

A) systematic and mathematically based
B) spontaneous and free flowing
C) purposeful and functional
D)"feel good" music
Systematic and mathematically based
Who was responsible for discovering a link between music and mathematics?

A) Orpheus
B) Plato
C) Pythagoras
D) Socrates
Pythagoras
The ______ was a string instrument used by the Greeks. This instrument was commonly strummed, and built with a tortoise shell.

A) Kithara
B) Lyre
C) Aulos
D) Guitar
Lyre
The Kithara produced a sound much like the...

A) Guitar
B) Piano
C) Flute
D) Banjo
Guitar
Music was common in which of the following events?

A) religious ceremonies
B) leisure activities
C) Pythian Games
D) all of the above
All of the above
The Greeks used music as a philosophical understanding of how the universe was constructed.

A) True
B) False
True
According to Greek mythology who was responsible for inventing the lyre?

A) Apollo
B) Hercules
C) Orpheus
D) Hermes
Hermes
The Greeks considered music to be...

A) an art used for entertainment
B) a scientific process
C) a means of expressing poetry
D) all of the above
E) none of the above
None of the above
The term Melos refers to...

A) music as entertainment
B) music as a spiritual outreach
C) music as a performing art
D) music as a mathematical science
Music as a performing art
Who believed that numbers were the key to the universe and that music and numbers were inseparable?

A) Pythagoras
B) Plato
C) Aristotle
D) Apollo
Pythagoras
Plato and Aristotle said that what should be taught in order to discipline the MIND?

A) music
B) art
C) gymnastics
D) mathematics
Music
Plato and Aristotle said that what should be taught in order to discipline the BODY?

A) music
B) art
C) gymnastics
D) mathematics
Gymnastics
Greek writers believed that music could affect...

A) all aspects of life
B) tendency towards particular diseases
C) pathos
D) ethos
Ethos
Ethos is defined as...

A) one's intellectual capacity
B) one's moral character
C) the unification of parts into an orderly whole
D) the musical counterpart to lyrics
One's moral character
Greek philosophers believed that the human soul was kept in harmony via...

A) music
B) artful expression
C) numerical relationships
D) athletic use of the body
Numerical relationships
Because music is based on a mathematical system it was believed that it could...

A) restore inner harmony
B) enhance intellectual thinking
C) prevent chronic disease
D) not be used to reach the gods
Restore inner harmony
Plato wrote _______, where he expressed his musical theories and discoveries.

A) Republic
B) Politics
C) Harmonia
D) Poetics
Republic
True or False: Plato encouraged musical pieces to be complex and have a mix of rhythms and instruments.
False
Some Greek philosophers believed that musical rules should never be changed. Why?

A) Changing conventions would ruin the sacred quality of music.
B) For fear of upsetting the harmonious balance of the soul.
C) It would lead to anarchy.
D) all of the above
E) none of the above
It would lead to anarchy
Aristotle believed that music should be played for...

A) self pleasure
B) pleasure of others
C) self improvement
D) none of the above
E) all of the above
Self improvement
Who was Aristoxenus?

A) Aristotle's son
B) the Greek god of music
C) a critic of Aristotle
D) a pupil of Aristotle
The pupil of Aristotle
What knowledge was gained from Aristoxenus' Rhythmic Elements?

A) Aristotle's theory of music and mathematics was inaccurate.
B) Rhythm in music and poetic rhythm was closely related.
C) Music could be used to harmonize the soul.
D) Different rhythms should not be mixed because it will upset ethos.
Rhythm in music and poetic rhythm was closely related
Which of the following was responsible for the development of musical duration as units in time?

A) Aristotle
B) Aristoxenus
C) Plato
D) Pythagoras
Aristoxenus
What is diastematic movement?

A) a series of two or more pitches
B) movement of voice based on particular notes
C) sustained pitches separated by intervals
D) a continuous movement of voice
Sustained pitches separated by intervals
Who introduced the terms notes, interval, and scale?

A) Plato
B) Aristoxenus
C) Pythagoras
D) Aristotle
Aristoxenus
What instrument was used in the worship of Dionysus?

A) Aulos
B) Lyre
C) Krotala
D) Syrinx
Aulos
The ____ was typically played in pairs with a varied pitch between the two.

A) Syrinx
B) Lyre
C) Aulos
D) Keras
Aulos
Several great tragedies created for the Dionysian festivals in Athens were driven by the sound of what instrument?

A) Syrinx
B) Lyre
C) Aulos
D) Keras
Aulos
Which Greek god was associated with the lyre?

A) Hermes
B) Python
C) Dionysus
D) Apollo
Apollo
Learning to the play the _____ was considered a core part of education in Athens.

A) Syrinx
B) Lyre
C) Aulos
D) Keras
Lyre
The lyre was used for all of the following...

A) Weddings
B) Recreation
C) Recitation of epic poetry
D) all of the above
E) none of the above
All of the above
Ancient Greeks played music based off of memory and improvisation.

A) True
B) False
True
Which instrument could be defined as an Ancient Greek reed instrument, usually played in pairs?

A) Lyre
B) Keras
C) Aulos
D) Syrinx
Aulos
The outer notes of the tetrachord were...

A) Stationary in pitch
B) Flexible in pitch
C) Used to create different genera
D) Always at the bottom
Stationary in pitch
The inner two notes of the tetrachord were...

A) Stationary in pitch
B) Flexible in pitch
C) Used to create different genera
D) Always at the bottom
Used to create different genera
Tetrachords were most often set up
with...

A) smallest intervals at the bottom & largest in the middle
B) largest intervals at the bottom & smallest in the middle
C) largest intervals at the top & smallest at the bottom
D) smallest intervals at the top & largest intervals at the bottom
Largest intervals at the top and smallest at the bottom
What characteristic is true of the diatonic tetrachord?

A) it included a semitone and one whole tone
B) it included two whole tones and a semitone
C) it included a tone and a half and other semitones
D) it included multiple semitones
It included two whole tones and a semitone
What characteristic is true of the enharmonic tetrachord?

A) the top interval was made up of quarter-tones while the lower interval was made up of two tones.
B) the top interval was made up of two tones while the lower interval was made up of quarter-tones
C) the top & bottom intervals were made up of quarter-tones
D) the top & bottom intervals were made up of two tones
The top interval was made up of two tones while the lower interval was made up of quarter-tones
Which genus did Aristoxenus describe as the most refined and difficult to hear?

A) tetrachord
B) diatonic
C) chromatic
D) enharmonic
enharmonic
The _____genus was the oldest and most natural of the genera.

A) chromatic
B) enharmonic
C) diatonic
D) diastematic
Diatonic
How many genera existed?

A) One
B) Three
C) Fifteen
D) unlimited, each note change represented a different genera
Three
The system of genera was based on...

A) personal choices made by the musician
B) a designated set of rules
C) mathematics
D) the situation in which the music was played
A designated set of rules
Higher tones were associated with...

A) Passion
B) Happiness
C) Rest
D) Energy
Energy
A ____ is a scale or set of pitches within a specific range of region of voice.

A) Ethos
B) Tetrachord
C) Tonos
D) Genus
Tonos
Like harmonia, toni were associated with...

A) the tempo of which the music was played
B) the mood of the music
C) the character of the music
D) all of the above
E) none of the above
All of the above
When two tetrachords shared a note they were considered?

A) combined
B) conjunct
C) fused
D) correlated
Conjunct
When two tetrachords were separated by a whole note they were considered?

A) separated
B) disjunct
C) distinct
D) un-correlated
Disjunct
What was the Greater Perfect System?

A) four tetrachords plus an added lowest note
B) four tetrachords plus an added highest note
C) four separate tetrachords in a row that varied in tone
D) four separate tetrachords in a row that varied in pitch
Four tetrachords plus an added lowest note
What term was used to identify the middle note of a system?

A) mese
B) meson
C) toni
D) proslambanomenos
Mese
What term was used to identify the last note of a Greater Perfect System?

A) mese
B) meson
C) toni
D) proslambanomenos
Proslambanomenos
What was the Lesser Perfect System?

A) four tetrachords plus an added lowest note
B) four tetrachords plus an added highest note
C) a system with only one combined tetrachord
D) a system with only one separated tetrachord
A system with only one combined tetrachord
For the Greeks music was used as art and...

A) an outlet into the scientific world
B) leisure activity
C) an outlet to the gods
D) used to created public order
An outlet into the scientific world
Because of great disagreement amongst philosophers it is difficult to determine what early Greek music sounded like.

A) True
B) False
False
Most of the knowledge about early Greek music was acquired through...

A) Books written by philosophers
B) an abundance of music manuscripts
C) recordings of performances
D) All of the above
Books written by philosophers
All of the following offered information about musical style except...

A) literature
B) graphic art
C) archeological findings
D) recordings
Recordings
Which of the following instruments would fall under the category of idiophone?

A) aulos
B) syrinx
C) rattle
D) flute
Rattle
Early Greek music was most likely...

A) simple and straight forward
B) complex and detailed
C) strictly instrumental
D) a combination of voice and instrument
A combination of voice and instrument
The rattle is an example of which type of instrument?

A) Idiophone
B) membranophone
C) xylophone
D) aerophone
Idiophone
Part of the Pythagorean theory was in regards to...

A) mathematics
B) the harmony of spheres
C) tetrachords
D) the use of scales
The harmony of spheres
Syrinx is to aerophone as lyre is to...

A) aerophone
B) idiophone
C) xylophone
D) chordophone
Chordophone
The Krotala was used...

A) to harmonize with other instruments
B) to keep rhythm
C) to silence a crowd before the performance
D) to add intensity to a poetry reading
To keep rhythm
The _____were the percussion instruments of the Greek world.

A) aerophones
B) idiophones
C) membranophones
D) chordophones
Idiophones
_____ were cymbals worn on the fingers.

A) krotala
B) kroupala
C) kumbala
D) seistron
Kunbala
Why are only a limited number of pieces available for study today?

A) the music center of Greek was burned down during war
B) the Greeks did not want their musical findings to be released or found by the world
C) music was performed off of memorization not written notation
D) the papyrus has been destroyed over time
Music was performed off of memorization not written notation
Which of the following had higher respect in Greek culture?

A) Mathematics
B) Vocals
C) Instrumentals
D) Combination of Vocals and Instrumentals
Vocals
Because of its appearance on drinking cups the _____ had a stereotype of mystery and celebration.

A) Krotala
B) Lyre
C) Rattles
D) Aulos
Krotala
What is the best known Greek instrument today?

A) Krotala
B) Lyre
C) Rattles
D) Aulos
Lyre
Aulos is to Oboe as Lyre is to...

A) drums
B) piano
C) guitar
D) violin
Guitar
The Lyre was popular in...

A) free spirited celebrations
B) religious communities
C) low class individuals
D) high class individuals
High class individuals
Knowing how to play the ____ gave a reputation of intelligence.

A) Psalteria
B) Lyre
C) Aulos
D) Syrinx
Lyre
What was the most commonly used wind-instrument?

A) Aulos
B) Syrinx
C) Hydraulis
D) Salpinx
Aulos
The Aulos produced a sound much like...

A) a singing voice
B) the modern day flute
C) a chirping bird
D) the lyre
A singing voice
What Greek god invented the Aulos?

A) Hermes
B) Athena
C) Dionysus
D) Apollo
Athena
The Aulos was frequently used..

A) in theater
B) at weddings
C) to accompany dancers
D) all of the above
E) none of the above
All of the above
What two god's were leaders of musical cults?

A) Apollo & Plato
B) Apollo & Dionysus
C) Plato & Dionysus
D) Plato & Aristotle
Apollo and Dionysus
Who believed that in order to be the "right" kind of person you had to listen to the "right" kind of music?

A) Plato
B) Apollo
C) Aristotle
D) Socrates
Aristotle
What instrument was preferred by Plato & Aristotle?

A) Psalteria
B) Syrinx
C) Aulos
D) Lyre
Aulos
Where were the cult centers of Apollo located?

A) Athens, and Crete
B) Greece, Delphi and Delos
C) Greece and Athens
D) Delos and Athens
Greece, Delphi and Delos
What was the title of Apollo's cult?

A) Delphinios
B) Apollians
C) Pythians
D) Smintheus
Delphinios
The cult of Dionysus consisted of...

A) mostly men
B) mostly women
C) musicians
D) rich men and women
Mostly women
The cult of _____ was known for consuming wine and having secretive night meetings.

A) Aristotle
B) Plato
C) Apollo
D) Dionysus
Dionysus
Bull roarers got there name because...

A) they produced a roaring noise using friction from the air
B) they were used to tame/control bulls
C) all of the above
D) none of the above
They produced a roaring noise using friction from the air
Which instrument was frequently used in war to frighten opponents?

A) Kroupala
B) Aulos
C) Rhoptron
D) Bull roarers
Rhoptron
The _____ was strongly associated with mystery, excitement and vigorous celebration.

A) Rhoptron
B) Kroupala
C) Lyre
D) Krotala
Krotala
Why are Krotala associated with Dionysus?

A) the krotala was often played alongside the lyre
B) they are often depicted in drinking cups
C) they included in remaining works from his cult
D) none of the above
They are often depicted in drinking cups
The ______ was used to keep tempo and rhythm during a musical piece or performance.

A) krotala
B) kroupala
C) Seistron
D) Salpinx
Kroupala
The Kroupala produced a harder, shaper sound than the...

A) lyre
B) krotala
C) seistron
D) salpinx
Krotala
Kumbala were popular among...

A) school children
B) religious music
C) festivals and celebrations
D) women dancers
Women dancers
Which of the following instruments is commonly associated with Egyptian culture?

A) Krotala
B) Kumbala
C) Salpinx
D) Seistron
Seistron
The Seistron was commonly used to...

A) keep time during dance performances
B) amuse sleepless infants
C) add depth to a musical piece
D) none of the above
Amuse sleepless infants
In regards to sound, Rhombos refers to...

A) the sound of a horn
B) chiming or banging
C) whirling or rumbling
D) stomping
Whirling and rumbling
The _______ was identified by its rising and falling pitch.

A) Rhombos
B) Lyre
C) Kroupala
D) Aulos
Rhombos
The pitch of a Rhombos was altered by...

A) the speed witch which air was blown into it
B) the covering of various holes, like a flute
C) the temperature of the air blown into it
D) the speed with which it was spun
The speed with which it was spun
The _____ is a hollow instrument with only one opening.

A) Kroupala
B) Rhombos
C) Rhoptra
D) Krotala
Rhoptra
The Rhoptra made a ______ sound.

A) high pitched, cheerful
B) dead, hollow
C) low, ominous
D) smooth, soothing
Dead, hollow
Cults of Dionysus were found in...

A) Phrygia & Thrace
B) Athens & Crete
C) Greece, Delphi & Delos
D) Asia
Phrygia & Thrace
The Aulos was a ...

A) reed instrument
B) flute
C) type of drum
D) string instrument
Reed instrument
How many finger holes did the original Aulos have?

A) 2
B) 4
C) 5
D) varied
4
The Aulos could be played without a mouth piece. True or False
False
How was the pitch of an Aulos determined?

A) by the length of the resonator
B) by the number of holes
C) by the length of the reed
D) by the speed of the wind blown into it
The length of the reed
What were Aulos reeds made from?

A) Plant leaves
B) The Cyprus plant
C) Bamboo
D) Tree Bark
The Cyprus plant
Which of the following instruments were used by shepherds in the fields?

A) Aulos
B) Syrinx
C) Kroupala
D) Keras
Syrinx
The Greeks viewed which two instruments as "foreign"?

A) Rhombus & Rhoptra
B) Kroupala & Krotala
C) Lyre & Kithera
D) Syrinx & Aulos
Syrinx and Aulos
The creation of the Syrinx is credited to...

A) Celtic people
B) Cybele
C) Hermes
D) unknown
Unknown
In regards to the Syrinx, Tone intervals varied by...

A) distance between pipes
B) Length of the pipes
C) Reed Material
D) Reed length
Distance between pipes
In regards to the Syrinx, Pitch varied by...

A) distance between pipes
B) Length of the pipes
C) Reed Material
D) Reed length
Length of the pipes
Which of the following instruments was known as a syrinx played by the hands?

A) Salpinx
B) Aulos
C) Hydraulis
D) Kumbala
Hydraulis
Salpinx is to trumpet as Hyraulis is to...

A) piano
B) oboe
C) harp
D) organ
Organ
Which of the following instruments were used as signals in battle?

A) Hydraulis
B) Aulos
C) Salpinx
D) Kroupala
Salpinx
Most ancient Greek music that is around today exists on...

A) papyri
B) stone
C) recordings
D) none of the above
Papyri
How was papyrus used to preserve music?

A) it was fossilized onto stone that was later found
B) because it is plant based it did not break down over time
C) both of the above
D) none of the above
Because it is plant based it did not break down over time
The Ancient Greeks method of organizing pitches, scales and melodies differs from the methods used today. True or False
True
The oldest surviving documents of Ancient Greek music dates back to...

A) the Hellenistic Period
B) Roman Era
C) Archaic Greece
D) Classical Greece
The Hellenistic Period
It is difficult to study Ancient Greek music because..

A) many terms were used and can be difficult to follow
B) there are a limited number of works that survive today
C) oldest surviving pieces only go back so far in history
D) All of the above
E) None of the above
All of the above
Ancient Greeks often used multiple words to describe the same musical element. True or False
True
The history of Greek music begins with...

A) Homer
B) Plato
C) Dionysus
D) Apollo
Homer
Music was used as a cross cultural bond in Ancient Greece. True or False
True
The Temple at Segesta is of

A) Doric Order
B) Ionic Order
C) Corinthian order
D) both A and B are correct
Doric order
There is evidence that the Temple at Segesta was

A) reconstructed many times
B) unfinished
C) completed by 410 BC
D0 none of the above are correct
Unfinished
The Temple at Sagesta was built by the

A) Elymians
B) Phoenicians
C) Greeks
D) Ligurians
Elymians
How many columns are employed in the Temple at Sagesta?

A) 24
B) 42
C) 36
D) 39
36
The Theatre at Priene includes many features of the

A) Archaic age
B) Classical age
C) Hellenistic age
D) All of the above
Hellenistic age
Which of the following is NOT true of the Threatre at Priene?

A) It had a horseshoe-shaped seating area
B) The stage emphasized focus on the choir, rather than the actor
C) A two-story scene house with a high stage is above the lower facade
D) The seating area was dug into a slope of a hill
The stage emphasized focus on the choir, rather than the actor
How many people could be seater in the rows of the Theatre at Priene?

A) 10,000
B) 4,000
C) 1,000
D) 6,000
6,000
The term 'diazoma' refers to which of the following parts of the Theatre at Priene?

A) the seating area
B) the doors on the second story
C) the walkways
D) the water clock
The walkways
The prohedrai, or seating for distinguished guests, at the Theatre at Priene is decorated with insciptions that suggest the seats were dedicated to

A) Athena
B) Dionysos
C) Ares
D) Poseidon
Dionysos
The water clock suggest that the Theatre at Priene was used for

A) Political meetings
B) Celebrations
C) Musical performances
D) All of the above
Political meetings
How many Doric half-columns are on the proskenion of the Theatre at Priene?

A) 9
B) 7
C) 4
D) 12
12
Which of the following is typical of Hellenistic architecture?

A) closed spaces
B) large-scale
C) circular floor plans
D) asymmetrical
Large-scale
The Stoa of Attalos was used for which of the following?

A) shops
B) socializing
C) protection from the sun summer or cold in winter
D) all of the above
All of the above
The facade of the Stoa of Attalos was made from

A) limestone
B) marble
C) roofing tiles
D) none of the above
Marble
How many rooms did each story of the Stoa of Attalos have?

A) 34
B) 21
C) 16
D) 8
21
The Nike of Samothrace is from the

A) Archaic period
B) Hellenistic period
C) Classical period
D) Roman Empire
Hellenistic period
Another way of saying Nike is

A) Sea Battle
B) Winged Victory
C) Diving Grace
D) Wind Goddess
Winged Victory
The image of Nike in Greek art was associated with which of the following?

A) victory in war
B) athletics
C) poetry contests
D) all of the above
All of the above
Which of the following describes the Nike of Samothrace?

A) twisting pose
B) lively drapery
C) dramatic setting
D) all of the above
all of the above
The Nike of Samothrace stands on

A) a performance stage
B) a battle grounds
C) the prow of a ship
D) a large wave
The prow of a ship
Which of the following characteristics of the Nike of Samothrace is Hellenistic?

A) Rich texturing
B) movement
C) large-scale
D) all of the above
All of the above
Kouros is sculpted in

A) high relief
B) the round
C) low relief
D) sunk relief
the round
Kouros is the name for a(n)

A) Archaic male figure
B) Hellenistic male figure
C) Archaic female figure
D) Hellenistic female figure
Archaic male figure
The counterpart of a Kouros is called a

A) Kore and is always nude
B) Kaura and is always nude
C) Kore and is always clothed
D) Kaura and is always clothed
Kore and it always clothed
The Kouros statues were used as

A) A grave monument
B) dedication to the gods
C) Remembrance of war victory
D) both A and B are correct
Both A and B are correct
Kouros were most commonly

A) Smaller than life-size
B) life size
C) Larger than life-size
D) Minature
Life-size
Kouros resemble the art from

A) Aztecs
B) Minoans
C) Mycenaens
D) Egyptians
Egyptians
Which of the following does NOT describe the typical Kouros?

A) right leg slightly forward
B) hands clenched at the side
C) smiling
D) nude
Right leg slightly forward
Archaic art focused on

A) Giving humans godlike features
B) deemphasizing precise details
C) lifelike vitality
D) large-scale sculpture
Lifelike vitality
The first monumental female nude in classical scultpure was

A) Demeter
B) Athena
C) Aphrodite
D) Hera
Aphrodite
Aphrodite was sculpted by

A) Myron
B) Praxiteles
C) Polyclitus
D) Phidias
Praxiteles
What does Aphrodite hole in her left hand?

A) A piece of drapery
B) A baby
C) An apple
D) A floral vase
A piece of drapery
Aphodite illustrates that

A) gods are superior to humans
B) human was the ideal
C) detail was undesirable at the time
D) none of the above
Human was the ideal
Praxiteles used which of the following to give his sculptures a naturalistic representation?

A) Smooth curves
B) Light and shadow
C) polishing the marble
D) all of the above
All of the above
Praxiteles implemented a new pose that is know as the

A) Praxiteles position
B) Praxitelean curve
C) Praxitlean stance
D) Praxiteles pose
Praxirelean curve
Discobolos depicts a

A) discus thrower
B) javelin thrower
C) shot putter
D) pole vaulter
Discus thrower
Myron is often credited the first sculptor to master the style of

A) contrapposto
B) nudes
C) rhythmos
D) all of the above
Rhythmos
Which of the following is NOT true of Discobolos?

A) his body is well proportioned
B) his pose seems unnatural
C) his muscles show rigorous strain
D0 his face shows little emotion
His muscles show rigorous strain
Myron worked almost excluseively in

A) marble
B) limestone
C) wood carving
D) bronze
bronze
Myron is most famous for his statues of

A) goddesses
B) gods
C) athletes
D) everyday people
athelets
What order is the temple of Poseidon?

A) Ionic
B) Corinthian
C) Doric
D) Archaic
Doric
True/False: The main purpose of the temple was civil issues of the city states and religious ceremonies.
True
How many columns total does the temple have?

A) 34
B) 26
C) 18
D) 38
34
True/False: The main structure of the building was of a local limestone that was unattractive and of poor quality, and so it was coated with a thin layer of stucco to give it an appearance of marble.
False; Due to the fact that the work on the temples was constantly stopping and starting again, the columns were Doric and then the capitals are Corinthian
What material was used for the temple of Athena?

A) Brick
B) White marble
C) Black marble
D) Limestone
White Marble
True/False: The statue of Athena that stood inside the temple was wingless.
True
True/ False: Lord Byron visited the temple of Poseidon and his name was found carved into the base. People began to carve their names, so the temple is now off limits.
True