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Personal Fitness Wellness Final
Terms in this set (118)
Secondary Death Syndrome
Cause of deaths attributed to a lack of regular physical activity.
A state of complete well-being not just the absence of disease or infirmity.
number of years a person is expected to live based on the person's birth year
description of a person who is relatively inactive and whose lifestyle is characterized by a lot of sitting.
illnesses that develop as a result of an unhealthy lifestyle and last a long time
A condition related to or caused by illness or disease.
bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles; requires expenditure of energy and produces progressive health benefits.
a type of physical activity that requires planned, structured, and repetitive bodily movement with the intent of improving or maintaining one or more components of physical fitness.
moderate physical activity
activity that used 150 calories of energy per day, or 1,000 calories per week.
an electronic device that senses body motion and counts footsteps. some pedometer also record distance, calories burned, speeds, time spent being physical active.
prevention of the development of risk factors for disease
the science and art of enabling people to increase control over their lifestyle to move toward a state of wellness.
the constant and deliberate effort to stay healthy and achieve the highest potential for well-being. it encompasses seven dimensions- physical, emotional, mental, social, environmental, occupational, and spiritual -- and integrates them all into a quality of life.
good physical fitness and confidence in your personal ability to take care of health problems.
the ability to understand your own feeling, accept your limitations, and achieve emotional stability.
the ability to relate well to others, both within and outside the family unit.
the capability to live in a clean and safe environment that is not detrimental to health.
a community of organisms interacting with each other in an environment
the ability to perform your job skills fully and effectively under conditions that provide personal and team satisfaction and adequately reward each individual.
the sense that life is meaningful, that life has purpose, and that some power brings all humanity together; the ethics, values, and morals that guide you and give you and meaning and direction to life.
sincere and humble concern for the welfare of others
unselfish concern for the welfare of others
description of a person who is relatively inactive and whose lifestyle is characterized by a lot of sitting
any exercise that requires a MET level equal to or greater than 6 METs. One MET is the energy expenditure at rest, 3.5 mL/kg/min, and METs are defined as multiples of resting metabolic rate.
the ability to meet the ordinary as well as unusual demands of daily life safely and effectively without being over fatigued and still have energy left for leisure and recreational activities.
fitness programs that are prescribed to improve the individuals overall health.
"hypo" denotes "lack of"; therefore, illnesses related to lack of physical activity
fitness components important for success in skillful activities and athletic events; encompass agility, balance, coordination, power, reaction time, and speed.
health fitness standard
the lowest fitness requirements for maintaining good health, decreasing the risk for chronic diseases, and lowering the incident of muscular-skeletal injuries.
a measurement of plasma insulin, glucose, lipid, and lipoprotein levels to assess risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease
the ability of the lungs, heart, and blood vessels to deliver adequate amounts of oxygen to the cells to meet the demand of prolonged physical activity.
physical fitness standards
a fitness level that allows a person to sustain moderate-to-vigorous physical activity without undue fatigue and to closely the ability maintain this level throughout life
slower heart rate than normal
inflatable bladder contained within a cuff and mercury gravity manometer from which blood pressure is read.
systolic blood pressure
pressure exerted by blood against walls of arteries during forceful contraction or the heart.
diastolic blood pressure
pressure exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries during the relaxation phase of the heart.
the fat and non-fat components of the human body; important in assessing recommended body weight
percent body fa
proportional amount of fat in the body based on the person's total weight; includes both essential fat and storage fat; also termed fat mass.
lean body mass
body weight without body fat
recommended body weight
body weight at which there seems to be no harm to human health; healthy weight
an excess amount of weight against a given standard, such as height recommended percent body fat.
an excessive acclamation of body fat, usually at least 30 percent above recommended body weight.
minimal amount of body fat needed for normal physiological functions; constitutes about 3 percent of total weight in men and 12 percent in women.
body fat in excess of essential fat; stored in adipose tissue
dual energy x-ray absorptiomentry
method to assess body composition that uses very low beams of x-ray energy to measure total body fat mass, fat distribution pattern, and bone density.
underwater technique to assess body composition; considered the most accurate of the body composition assessment techniques.
having a fear of water
technique to assess body composition by calculating the body volume from the air replaced by an individual sitting inside a small chamber
commercial name of the equipment used to assess body composition through air displacement techniques.
techniques to measure body girths at different sites
technique used to assess body composition by measuring a double thickness of skin at a specfic body site.
deposits of fat directly under skin
technique to assess body composition by measuring circumference at specific body sites.
technique to assess body composition by running a weak electrical current through the body.
body mass index
technique to determine thinness and excessive fatness that incorporate height and weight to estimate critical fat values at which the risk for disease increase.
extremely low body weight
obesity pattern seen in individuals who tend to store fat in the trunk or abdominal area
obesity pattern seen in people who store fat primarily around the hips and thighs
manner in which carbohydrates are stored in the human body, predominantly in the liver and muscles.
a measure that us used to rate the plasma glucose response of carbohydrates-containing foods with the produced by the same amount of carbohydrates from a standard source, usually glucose or white bread.
an eating disorder characterized by self-imposed starvation to lose and maintain very low body fat
an eating disorder characterized by a pattern of binge eating and purging in an attempt to lose weight and maintain body weight
an eating disorder characterized by uncontrollable episodes of eating excessive amounts of food within a relatively short time
the consumption of large quantities of good to suppress negative emotions
a principle holding that as ling as caloric input equals caloric output, the person will not gain or lose weight, if caloric intake exceeds output, the person gain weight; when output exceeds input, the person loses weight
estimated energy requirment
the average dietary energy (caloric) intake that is predicted to maintain energy balance in a healthy adult or defined age, gender, weight, height, and level of physical activity, consistent with good health.
resting metabolic rate
the energy requirement to maintain the body's vital processes in the resting state
a feature of the hypothalamus of the brain that controls how much the body should weigh
weight control theory that the body has an established weight and strongly attempts to maintain that weight.
basal metabolic rate
the lowest level of oxygen consumption (and energy requirement) necessary to sustain life.
very low calorie diet
a diet that allows an energy intake (consumption) of only 800 calories or less per day.
fallacious theory proposing that exercising a specific body part will result in significant fat reduction in that area.
term frequently used in reference to fat deposits that "bulge out"; caused by the herniation of subcutaneous fat within fibrous connective tissue, giving it a padded-like appearance.
the ability of the lungs, heart, and blood vessels to deliver adequate amounts of oxygen to the cells to meet the demands of prolonged physical activity,
hypo kinetic disease
"hypo" denotes "lack of"; therefore chronic ailments that result from a lack of physical activity
air sacs in the lungs where oxygen is taken up and carbon dioxide is released from the blood
iron-continuing compound, found in red blood cells, that transports oxygen
a high-energy chemical compound that the body uses for immediate energy.
oxygen uptake (vo2)
the amount of oxygen the human body uses
describes exercise that requires oxygen to produce the necessary energy to carry out the activity
describes exercise that does not require oxygen to produce the necessary energy to carry out the activity.
maximal oxygen uptake
maximum amount of oxygen the body is able to utilize per minute pf physical activity, commonly expressed in milliliters per kilogram per minute; the best indicator of cardiorespiratory or aerobic fitness.
resting heart rate
heat rate after a person has been sitting quietly for 15-20 minutes
amount of blood pumped by the heart in one minute.
amount of blood pumped by the heart in one beat
load (or intensity) place on the body during physical activity
structures within the cells where energy transformation takes place
smallest blood vessels carrying oxygenated blood tissues in the body
amount of time that the body takes to return to resting levels after exercise
arterial-venous oxygen difference
the amount of oxygen removed from the blood as determined by the difference in oxygen content between arterial and venous blood.
an acronym used to describe the four cardiorespiratory exercise prescription variables: frequency, intensity, type (model), and time (duration)
CR exercise that requires an intensity level of approximately 70 present of capacity
in cardiorespiratory exercise, how hard a person has to exercise to improve or maintain fitness
heart rate reserve
the difference between maximal heart rate and resting heart rate
physical activity perceived exertion
a perception scale to monitor or interpret the intensity of aerobic exercise
form of type of exercise
staring a workout slowly
tapering off an exercise session slowly
number of times per week a person engages in exercise
the highest percentage of the Vo2 Max at which an individual can exercise for an extended time without accumulating significant amount of lactic acid
non-exercise activity thermogenesis
energy expended doing everyday activities not related to exercise.
short for metabolic equivalent, the rate of energy expenditure at rest; 1 MET is the equivalent of a Vo2 Max of 3.5 mL
the achievable range of motion at a joint or group of joints without causing injury
partial dislocation of a joint
moving the joints beyond the accustomed range of motion
permanent lengthening of soft tissue
temporary lengthening of soft tissue
static stretching (low-sustained stretching)
exercises in which the muscles are lengthened gradually through a joints completer range of motion
stretching exercises performed with the aid of an external force applied by either another individual or an external apparatus
ballistic (dynamic) stretching
stretching exercises performed with jerky, rapid, and bouncy movements
stretching exercise that require speed of movement, momentum, and active muscular effort to help increase the range of motion about a joint or group of joints
controlled ballistic stretching
exercises done with slow, short, gentle, and sustained movement.
proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation
mode of stretching that used reflexes and neuromuscular principles to relax the muscle being stretched.
intensity (for flexibility exercises)
degree of stretch when doing flexibility exercises
number of times a given resistance is performed.
exercises that are not recommended because they may cause injury to a person
form of yoga that aims to develop flexibility