REVIEW FOR CRCTs (Good questions)
7th grade students can use this to review for the 2nd 8 wks final/semester exam. Also, study your maps!! Know the countries and physical features for SW Asia (middle east), and Southern and Eastern Asia!
Terms in this set (70)
How has the Indian practice of cremating their dead on the banks for the Ganges River and development of more industry been a problem for other people who use the river?
The ashes of the dead, as well as partially burned bodies constantly float down the river, along with industrial waste from factories.
What is the source of the air pollution that causes problems in India's urban areas?
overpopulation, heavy industry, and thousands of automobiles.
What environmental issue was a big concern for many of the athletes of the 2008 Olympics that took place in Beijing?
What generalization can be made about the climate and geography of Southern and Eastern Asia?
This large area has many different types of both climate and geography (varied and diverse).
Hindu sacred text
Where was the religion of Buddhism founded?
Where did Shintoism begin?
categories of people in society (hiearchy, Hindu practice, hereditary)
What did Confucius believe were the keys to social order and peace?
Good behavior and virtue
Which country has a federal system of government?
How do the Japanese feed their people with so little good farmland?
The Japanese depend on fishing and imported food (food they have bought from other countries with all the $ they make).
Which Asian country could be described as an autocracy?
Which Asian countries have a democratic system of government?
India and Japan
What best describes the Japanese government?
Constitutional monarchy (much like England. The emperor still has a job, but no real power).
What sort of government is the People's Republic of China?
A communist oligarchy
Which countries have the lowest literacy rate for woment (they also have the greatest percent difference in literacy rates between men and women)?
India and Bangledesh
Which country is unusual in that almost every man and woman can read and write but the GDP is among the lowest in the world?
The Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution were example of China's attempt to
Improve the economy
What role do the people play in the government of Japan?
The people have ultimate power through elections.
What group makes most of the important decisions in the government of the People's Republic of China today?
The Chinese Communist Party
In the 1970s, China tried to improve the country's economy by announcing which of the following programs?
the 4 modernizations
Which area was targeted for improvement by India's Green Revolution?
Which country's economy is a command economy?
In which area is India a world economic leader?
Technology and service industries
Why has Japan specialized in the area of technology?
Japan has few natural resources and little farming.
How has Japan used tariffs to help the country's economy?
The tariffs have kept cheap foreign-made goods off the Japanese market (protects local businesses and "home" goods).
Why is it important for nations to have a system to convert from one currency to another?
This makes it possible to buy and sell goods between nations with different types of money.
How did the 4 Modernizations affect Chinese agriculture and industry?
Farmers were given better seeds and equipment; factories increased production of smaller consumer goods that were easier to sell.
Why is investment in capital goods so important for the economy of a country like Japan?
Japan's economy depends heavily on industry and must be modern to be competitive.
Which has been a persistent problem for India's economy?
Overpopulation and poverty found throughout the country
Shia and Sunni Islam were both founded because of
Disputes over who would succeed Muhammad as head of the faith.
How has China's attitude toward entrepreneurship changed in the past several decades?
The government has become more open to the idea of allowing some free enterprise
Nationalism is defined as
loyalty to a group with whom one shares a common history, culture, and/or religion
Which was one of the goals of the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League in India?
Greater independence from British control
What was involved in Mohandas Gandhi's plan of civil disobedience?
protest unfair laws and practices with NON-VIOLENCE
What was the political party of Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam?
How were the Korean and Vietnam wars alike?
The U.S. was involved in both countries because they were worried about the spread of communism. ("Domino effect")
After Japan set up their new government, what was the role of the Japanese emperor? (This happened at the end of WWII with the help of MacArthur)
He kept his job to remain a symbol for the country, but had no real power. Mainly a ceremonial position.
What was Mao's attempt to organize small farms into larger farms where ownership of everything was shared?
the Great Leap Forward
How did Mao silence anyone who criticized his government in china?
by starting the "Cultural Revolution"
What happened in Tianamamen Square in 1989?
Students that were protesting were attacked, arrested, or killed.
Which describes the Domino Theory as related to communism?
If one country in a region became communist then others would quickly follow.
What became of American efforts to prevent Ho Chi Minh from taking over the country of Vietnam and reinitiating it as one country?
American efforts ended in 1975 and Vietnam was united under the government designed by Ho chi Minh.
a group of islands (examples include: Japan and Indonesia)
Seasonal winds that bring heavy rains
What generalization can be made about GDP and literacy?
usually, the higher the literacy rate, the higher the GDP
Which BEST describes the government of Saudi Arabia?
In a parliamentary government, which branch is responsible for making and carrying out the laws?
How is the presidential government, how is the president chosen?
in a SEPARATE vote from the legislature
What are the 5 pillars?
5 basic obligations of Muslims
Why is Iran sometimes called a theocratic republic?
Iran has an elected parliament, but they also have powerful religious leaders that influence decisions and help run the country.
In a market economy, who takes the risk in starting a business?
Who is the most powerful elected official in Iran?
Why do most economies in the world today operate somewhere in between a market and command economy?
most find that a mix of free market and government control is needed to be successful and protect consumers
How has Israel made up for its lack of natural resources?
developed a strong technology sector
producing the goods/services a country can make most easily and trading them for goods that can't be made locally (i.e. making what you're best at, best suited for)
What best describes the limit that OPEC puts on its members' production of oil?
What happens to the price of oil when OPEC countries decide to reduce the production of oil?
prices will go up (rise)
Why is it important for countries to have a system to exchange from one type of currency to another?
this makes it possible to buy and sell goods between countries with different types of money
The economy of Saudi Arabia is based on what?
oil and natural gas
When the Ottoman Empire ended, and boundaries were created by European leaders, what problems were caused?
The new countries now usually included people that didn't have much in common. (caused conflict)
hatred of Jews
Why did so many countries in the UN feel it was right to create Israel in 1948?
They felt guilty about the Holocaust. They felt they deserved it because they had suffered so much.
What was the outcome of the 1948 war between Israel and the Arabs in and around Palestine?
Israel won and they took more land than was originally planned. It became larger.
Why did the UN form a coalition to stop Iraq from invading Kuwait in 1990?
many countries depend on oil for their economies. Iraq's actions threatened the oil supply
Why did the US bomb and invade Afghanistan in 2001?
The US believed Afghanistan was helping Al-Qaeda, the group responsible for the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001.
Why did the US go to war against Iraq in 2003?
The US believed Iraq was developing nuclear weapons (WMD) and helping groups like Al-Qaeda
What is one reasons Iraq had difficulty forming a new government after the fall of Saddam Hussein?
there are many religious and ethnic groups in Iraq that want power
Why is the Suez canal so important to international shipping?
the Suez canal makes it possible to get to the Mediterranean Sea from the Red Sea without sailing around Africa
What else should I do to prepare for this test?
Study my maps and write a great essay!
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