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AP Human Geography Chapter 12 Vocab
Terms in this set (22)
The minimum number of people needed to support the service
A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it
rank size rule
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses
primate city rule
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community.
The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
A community's collection of basic industries.
dispersed rural settlement
A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services and personal services.
clustered rural settlement
A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
A soverign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
central place theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
central business district
The area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered.
Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services
Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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