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transports materials that are unable to cross the walls of local capillaries to the lymph system
________ __________ transports fats and lipids to the blood stream, which carries them to the liver for processing
autoimmune disorder with decreased oral fluid, creates less break down of food by the mouth
amylase in the salivary gland and digests starch, pepsin in the stomach and digests protein, hydrochloric acid,
first 18 inches of the small intestine, breaks down food for absorption in the rest of the small intestine
food is mostly absorbed in the small intestine but acohol is absorbed in the stomach, water and electrolytes in the colon
bacteria that causes peptic ulcers and is able to survive in stomach by neutralizing acid with enzymes it secretes
cholera, shigella, salmonella, botulinum, and ecolia are all organisms that cause _____________.
autoimmune disorder that affects people of all ages, requires dietary restrictions of glutens
rupture of the stomach, spread of infection from fallopian tubes, rupture of an abscess, infection of pre-existing ascites
mediated by chemical irritation, acute pancreatitis due to a spill of pancreatic enzymes, rupture of gallbladder secondary to bile into peritoneum, postsurgical peritonitis caused by talc or surgical chemicals
varicosities of the anal and perianal region caused by increased pressure in the area, pregnancy, chronic constipation, or portal hypertension
excretory, bile it produces, metabolic- processing of food and metabolism of carbs, fats, and protein, storage- storing carbohydrates and lipids, synthetic- synthesis of all major plasma proteins except immunoglobins, detoxification- drugs, hormones, cytokins and metabolites
undetoxified blood, missing liver metabolites, variscosities, splenomegaly, ascities, jaundice due to obstruction of bile ducts are caused by ________ ____________
liver is loosely connected and easily transplanted, covered with Glissons capsule which has many nerves, congestion may cause dull and diffuse pain.
disruption of bilirubin processing, produces brown urine, tumors of the head of liver may occlude bile duct
alcoholic kind is the fourth most common killer of men 40 to 60 years of age, produces enlarged liver
alcoholic liver disease
alcohol affects enzyme balance, fluidity and function of cell membrane, intracellular transport of organelles and metabolites, Produces fatty changes in liver cells.
pancreatic digestive enzymes
exocrine secretions amylase for starch, lipase for lipids, peptidases for protein, bicarbonate for stomach acid, proenzymes are inactive forms of enzymes, mucin
from beta cells and regulates the intermediary metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids, lowers blood sugar levels
from alpha cells, stimulates liver to convert glycogen to glucose, raises blood sugar levels
premature activation of pancreatic enzymes causes destruction of the pancreatic tissue and creation of psuedocysts
adult onset, diabetics may require insulin if the oral antidiabetics arent able to control blood sugars, Always know as type II diabetic per medicare ICD9
formation and excretion of urine, ultrafiltration are the _____________ _____________ of the kidneys
secreting renin, a hormone that raises blood pressure, erythropoietin, the growth factor that stimulates the production of RBC's is the ______________ ___________ of the kidneys
consists of specialized capillaries that are modified so taht they allow selective passage of fluids and sollutes from the blood into the lumen, tubules, of the nephron. 90% of fluid is returned to the body
proximal convoluted, descending limb, nephron loop, ascending limb, distal convoluted tubule - site of resorbtion
urine production occurs when fluid and waste are squeezed out of the glomurular capillaries into the ____________
____________ ____________ is the force that squeezes the fluid and waste out of the blood going into the glomerulus
_________ blood pressure causes thickening of membranes due to hypertension and less effective filtering in the glomerulus
______________ also causes thickening of membranes and AA compounds get caught in the membranes
loss of basement membrane permeability due to thickened membranes in the kidney, results in ____________ and indicates deteriorating renal function.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
______________ or BPH affects the passage of urine in men with enlarged prostate
diabetes, multiple myoloma, lupis
___________, ____________, and _____________ are three well known causes of pathology of the basement membranes of the glomerulus from antigen-antibody complexes
___________ ____________ is the result of lack of oxygen and adverse actions of toxins or hypoperfusion of the kidneys
________ is when uric acid is deposited in the joints causing pain and in the kidneys resulting in hyperuricemia
____________ _____________ or diabetes, thickended basement membrane, glomerulosclerotic, loss of permeability- proteinuria increased mesangial matrix, vascular changes, prone to infections
invitro fertilization for females, no progress for treating males in treating ____________
_________ is necessary for normal development, production controlled by pituitary gland, little is produced after birth until puberty, development of sex characteristics in males, necessary for fertility, stimulates development of prostate
_____________ ____________ is the name of the secondary stage rash that appears in syphilis
severe effects on the cardiovascular and nervous system are characteristics of the __________ _________ of syphilis
benign prostatic hyperplasia or _______ is enlarged prostate, hormonally induced, imbalance of male and female hormones, impedes urination, nodules are benign and can be shelled out.
__________ ___________ are very helpful because they can remove tumors without disrupting nerves
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