Fetal Pig Circulatory System

Flow of blood. Function; Location.
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Terms in this set (...)

1st in blood flow from Vena Cava to Aorta
Vena cava.
2nd in blood flow from Vena Cava to Aorta
Right Atrium.
3rd in blood flow from Vena Cava to Aorta
Triscuspid Valve.
4th in blood flow from Vena Cava to Aorta
Right Ventricle.
5th in blood flow from Vena Cava to Aorta
Pulmonary Semilunar Valve.
6th in blood flow from Vena Cava to Aorta
Pulmonary trunk.
7th in blood flow from Vena Cava to Aorta
Lungs.
8th in blood flow from Vena Cava to Aorta
CO2/O2 exchange.
9th in blood flow from Vena Cava to Aorta
Left Atrium.
10th in blood flow from Vena Cava to Aorta
Bicuspid Valve.
11th in blood flow from Vena Cava to Aorta
Left Ventricle.
12th in blood flow from Vena Cava to Aorta
Aortic semilunar valve.
Right Ventricle
receives deoxygenated blood from the right atrium via the tricuspid valve, and pumps it into the pulmonary artery via the pulmonary valve and pulmonary trunk; right atrium to near the apex of the heart.
Left Ventricle
receives oxygenated blood from the left atrium via the mitral valve, and pumps it into the aorta via the aortic valve; shorter and more conical in shape than the right
Right atrium
receives blood returning to the heart from the superior and inferior venae cavae; top right portion of heart
Left atrium
pass oxygenated blood from the pulmonary veins into the left ventricle;top left portion of heart
Pericardial sac
to reduce friction in tissues around the heart, preventing inflammation; surrounding the heart
Coronary arteries
supply oxygenated and nutrient filled blood to the heart muscle; on the heart
Cranial Vena Cava
large diameter short vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the upper half of the body to the heart's right atrium; It is located in the anterior right superior thorax region
Caudal Vena Cava
large vein that carries de-oxygenated blood from the lower half of the body into the right atrium of the heart; posterior to the abdominal cavity and runs alongside of the vertebral column on its right side
Pulmonary artery
carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs; between aorta and left atrium
Aorta
carries and distributes oxygen rich blood to all arteries; arises from the left ventricle of the heart, forms an arch, then extends down to the abdomen, where it branches off into two smaller arteries
Ductus Arteriosus
shunts blood from the pulmonary arteries to the aorta, bypassing the fluid-filled, developing lungs;
Pulmonary Veins
carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart;
Umbilical Cord
carries oxygen and nutrients to fetus from mother; carries waste away from fetus to mother
Umbilical Arteries
brings de-oxygenated blood from the fetus; abdominal and pelvic regions
Umbilical Veins
brings oxygenated blood to the fetus from placenta; abdominal and pelvic regions
Brachiocephalic Vein
receive blood from the head and neck, and unite to form the superior vena cava;
Internal Jugular Veins
drains brain and spinal cord
External Jugular Veins
drains the head and neck
Cephalic Veins
takes blood from the hand to the lungs.; runs up the lateral side of the arm from the hand to the shoulder
Subclavian Veins
drains blood from the upper extremities and returns it to the heart
Brachiocephalic trunk
supplies oxygenated blood to the head, neck and arm regions of the body.
Right Subclavian Artery
Supplies oxygenated blood to the arms; extends from the brachiocephalic artery to the right side of the body
Left Subclaivian Artery
Supplies oxygenated blood to the arms; extends from the aortic arch to the left side of the body.
Right Common Carotid Artery
supply the head and neck and brain w/ oxygenated and nutrient filled blood; branches from the brachiocephalic artery and extends up the right side of the neck
Left Common Carotid Artery
supply the head and neck and brain w/ oxygenated and nutrient filled blood; branches from the aorta and extends up the left side of the neck
Hepatic Portal Vein
receives nutrient rich blood from the small intestine, large
intestine, stomach, pancreas and spleen and
transports it to the liver;
Celiac Artery
supply blood rich with oxygen and nutrients to the digestive organs situated in the upper portion of the abdomen
Cranial Mesenteric artery
Supplies the small intestine;
Caudal Mesenteric Artery
Supplies the colon and rectum;
Renal Artery
Supplies the kidneys;
Renal Vein
Drains kidneys, connect the kidney to the inferior vena cava, carry the blood purified by the kidney
Testicular Artery
Supplies the testes;
Testicular Vein
carries deoxygenated blood from its corresponding gonad to inferior vena cava
Ovarian Artery
Supplies the Ovaries;
Ovarian Vein
carries deoxygenated blood from its corresponding ovary to inferior vena cava
External iliac artery
provides the main blood supply to the legs
External iliac Vein
returns deoxygenated blood from the legs back to the heart.
Internal iliac artery
supplies the walls and viscera of the pelvis, the buttock, the reproductive organs, and the medial compartment of the thigh
Internal iliac vein
returns blood to the body from the leg via the femoral vein
Femoral artery
supplies blood and oxygen to the legs
Femoral Vein
returns unoxygenated blood from the feet and legs towards the heart via the superior vena cava; both legs
Spleen
produce and stores redblood cells, filter blood; lateral and ventral to the stomach on the left side.