39 terms

Eloquence

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Polyptoton
Repeated use of one word as different parts of speech - please please me
Talk the talk
One small step for "a" man giant step for mankind
Antithesis
A union of opposites into a pleasing whole
For better for worse
You're up then you're down
Merism
Don't say what you're talking about just its parts
Night and day (all the time)
Better or worse (all the time)
Man and woman (people)
Synaesthesia
One sense is described in terms of another
Smelled like victory
Aposiopesis
Silence often represented by ...
Because 1) can't go on 2) don't need to go on 3) want to leave them laughing
When in Rome...
Hyperbaton
Odd syntax - word order
IAO never other way tit for tat not tat for tit
On play
Out look!
"This is the kind of English up with which I will not put" Churchill
Anadiplosis
Repetition of last word in one clause as first word of the next
Yoda: fear leads to anger, anger leads to hatred, hatred leads to suffering
Periodic sentence
Big sentence not "complete" until the end
"Every breath you take, every move you make... I'll be watching you"-Police
Parataxis
Natural way of speaking. Plain English.
It's one sentence. Then it's another sentence. It's direct.
Polysyndeton
Using lots of conjunctions.
And this, and that, and everything.
Asyndeton
No conjunctions
" Take, eat, this is my body" -Christ
Hypotaxis
Long, complicated sentences. Unnatural in spoken English- makes prose "civilized"
Diacope
Word or phrase repeated after interruption
"Bond, James Bond"
"Run Forest, run"
" Alone, alone, all all alone" Coleridge
"To be or not to be"
Rhetorical question
A question that requires no answer
"Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?"
Hypophora
Rhetorical question immediately answered aloud
"Can I kick it? Yes, you can"
Subjectio
Making you answer a series of rhetorical questions to which they already know answer belittles you and asserts authority over you
"Is there a reason you were speeding? Do you think the limit doesn't apply to you?"
Aporia
Asking a question when you really don't know the answer
Will you still love me tomorrow"
Hendiadys
Tricky term because you can't know what author intended.
Law and order
Noisy city vs noise and the city
Epistrophe
End each sentence /clause/paragraph with the same word.
Tricolon
Pattern of three (that you can often break for effect)
It's a bird. It's a plane. It's superman.
Eat, drink, and be merry
Father, son, a holy ghost
Syllepsis
One word used in incongruous ways.
"Blow your nose not your mind"
Isocolon
Two clauses that are grammatically parallel and structurally the same.
Roses are red. Violets are blue.
Enallage
Deliberate grammatical mistake.
Listen Kurtz-he dead.-Conrad
Hope springs eternal in the human breast-Pope
Epizeuxis
Repeat a word immediately in exactly the same sense.
Location, location, location.
Paradox
Using opposites to make a point.
Sound of silence
First shall be last
Cruel to be kind
Chiasmus
Careful artificial symmetry. Inversion of the words gives inversion of thought too.
Tea for two two for tea
Judge not, that Ute be not judged
Catachresis
Sentence so wrong that it's right
Speak daggers.
Lay a whisper on my pillow.
Litotes
Understatement by negative.
She's not uncommon.
It's not impossible
Metonymy
Physical representation becomes the thing.
The suits make decisions.
Fight for the crown.
Synecdoche
Part is for the whole.
Going to jump in my wheels.
Face that launched a thousand ships
Transferred epithet
Adjective applied too the wrong noun.
Smoked a nervous cigarette. Clumsy helmets. Plods his weary way. The most unkindest cut off all.
Pleonasm
Unnecessary words. Repeating the same thing.
Dearly beloved
Gathered together
Join together
Fall down
A rose is a rose is a rose
Epanalepsis
Circulatory and continuation.
The king is dead, long live the king.
Nothing comes of nothing.
Adynaton
Something that is impossible.
Pigs will fly
Hell will freeze over
Blood from a stone
Prolepsis
Using a pronoun before the noun.
They **** you up, your mum and dad. They may not mean to, but they do.-larkin
Congeries
List of adjectives or nouns
Scesis onomaton
Leaving out the verb.
Space: the final frontier.
London: the eternal city.
Anaphora
Repetition of the same (s)
If... If... If Kipling
We shall fight we shall fight them... Churchill
Peroration
Concluding part of a speech. Highly rhetorical speech
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