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Nutrition Exam 2
Terms in this set (50)
Which fat soluble vitamin is important for the health of epithelial cells because it promotes mucus production?
Deposition of calcium and phosphorus in the bones is influenced by
If the diet is lacking in just one essential amino acid, what would most likely happen?
protein synthesis will be limited
Cholesterol is found in all of the following EXCEPT
The chemical element found in all amino acids but not found in either carbohydrates or fats is
Cycles of loss and regain of body weight is called __________. With each cycle, it is easier to gain weight and harder to lose.
When triglycerides are digested, before being absorbed, they are converted to a mixture of
monoglycerides and fatty acids
Which lipoprotein is responsible for picking up excess cholesterol from cells and other sources so it can be transported back to the liver for excretion?
Which of the following vitamins serves as an antioxidant in cell membranes?
The major function of adipose tissue is to
____________ is a type of malnutrition that results primarily from not consuming enough protein and calories.
In the small intestine, the pancreas secretes _________ to digest trigylcerides.
All of the following are characteristic of cholesterol except
it is an essential nutrient
The basic building block of a protein is called an
Hydrogenation produces what kinds of fat?
trans fatty acids
If a food does not contain the necessary amounts of a certain amino acid to meet a body need, that amino acid is referred to as a
limiting amino acid
Which of the following is true about protein intake of people in the United States?
most consume more than is needed
Combining two food protein sources that make up for each other's inadequate supply of a particular essential amino acid are referred to as a
Vitamin ______ can be produced in the skin in response to ultraviolet light.
An important role of vitamin K is the synthesis of
A highly active form of this vitamin, when consumed during pregnancy, is associated with causing potential birth defects?
Which of the following is true about basal metabolism?
it represents about 60 to 70% of total calories used by a sedentary person during each day
Immediately after a new meal, newly absorbed dietary fats appear in the blood as
An essentail amino acid
cannot be synthesized in the body in sufficient quantity to meet body needs
A ____________ is made up of a glycerol backbone attached to three fatty acids.
Identical twins raised in separate environments have been shown to have similar body weights. Based on these things one could make the following arguments?
-environmental factors are not the only determinants of a person's body weight
-genetics play an important role in determining body weight
-both environment and genetics are important in determining body weight
A healthy weight loss program would include all of the following except
rate loss of 3-4 lbs/week
All of the following are true of high-quality proteins except
it provides 7 kcal/g of energy
Drying of the cornea due to vitamin A deficiency is called
Enzymes released from the pancreas, responsible for protein digestion are referred to as
A saturated fatty acid contains
no double bonds
Beta carotene is a precursor to
The childhood disease rickets is due to a deficiency of
In proteins, amino acids are joined by _____________ bonds.
The best estimate for the amount of protein required for nearly all adults is _________ g/kg/day.
A daily deficit of 500 kilocalories/day should result in a weight loss of about how many pounds per week (7 days)?
Accumulation of fat in the belly region (apple shape) is influenced by which of the following?
Which of the following vitamins has been helpful in large does as a treatment for acne?
The main reason for hydrogenating fats is to
change a liquid fat to a solid fat
Enzyme involved in protein digestion
Delivers cholesterol to tissues
Drug that can inhibit fat digestion
Can result from a vitamin E deficiency in livestock
white muscle disease
Newborns are routinely given an injection of vitamin D at birth: true or false?
Golden rice has been developed to help reduce vitamin E deficiency worldwide: true or false?
Excess dietary protein is easily stored as protein in the body: true or false?
Night blindness may result from a deficiency in vitamin E: true or false?
Lower body obesity poses less of a health risk compared to upper body obesity: true or false?
Some vitamin K can be synthesized by bacteria in our large intestine: true or false?
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