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Antebellum Reform Vocab
Terms in this set (24)
A time period before the American Civil War
Second Great Awakening
Series of Methodist and Baptist religious revivals starting in 1801; stressed a religious philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance.
An avid reformer who started the Second Great Awakening
Philsosophical and literary movement that emphasized living a simple life, celebrated the truth found in nature and promoted individualism
Ralph Waldo Emerson
American essayist, philosopher, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement; wrote "Self Reliance"
Henry David Thoreau
American transcendentalisit writer whose works include "Civil Disobedience" and "Walden"
Opposing a law one considers unjust by peacefully disobeying it and accepting the resultant punishment
Experimental community designed to be a perfect society in which its members could live together in harmony
Worked to reform conditions for mentally ill people in prisons; was able to get states to set up public hospitals for the mentally ill
United States educator who introduced reforms that significantly altered the system of public education
Cult of Domesticity
Idealized view of middle and upper class women and the home; women were self-less caregivers for children and created a refuge for husbands
Seneca Fall Convention
The first national woman's rights convention; created the Declaration of Sentiments (1848)
Declaration of Sentiments
Series of resolutions issued at the Seneca Falls Convention; modeled after the Declaration of Independence, the list of grievances called for economic and social equality for women, along with a demand for the right to vote.
Susan B. Anthony
Social reformer who campaigned for women's rights, temperance, and was an abolitionist; helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A prominent advocate of women's rights, organized the Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott
Quaker activist in both the abolitionist and women's movements; she organized of the Seneca Falls Convention with Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Sarah and Angelina Grimke
Born to a wealthy family of slave owners, they joined the abolitionist movement and fought for women's rights
Former slave who became an abolitionist and women's rights activist; known for speech "Ain't I A Woman?"
Campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages
William Lloyd Garrison
Prominent American abolitionist, journalist, and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society
One of the most influential abolistionists, escaped from slavery and began speaking out for abolitionist causes; published the anti-slavery newspaper "The North Star"
A black abolitionist who called for the immediate emancipation of slaves. He wrote the "Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World," advising that the only way to end slavery was for slaves to physically revolt
Slave who purcahsed his freedom then planned one of largest slave rebellions in Charleston; rebellion failed but it increased soutehrners fear of their slaves (1822)
Slave who believed he was chosen by God to launch a bloody slave rebellion in Virginia; this tightened the reins of slavery in the South (1831)
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