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Terms in this set (46)
What vaccine changed from live oral to inactivated IV/IM?
Diphtheria formulation change?
DTP to DTaP
What vaccinations were later added to the vaccination schedule since 1995? (5)
Which vaccinations are live? (8)
CDC Health Information for International Travel AKA?
What organization has information related to illness outbreaks in countries?
WHO (International Travel and Health)
Treatments for malaria? (5)
Chloroquine or Hydroxychloroquine
Atovaquone proquanil brand
Malarone can be started ____ days before travel
Why is Malarone a good choice for short tripe?
It can be taken for only 7 days after rather than 4 months
C/I of malarone
-Women who are pregnant or breastfeedig a child <5kg
Why Aralen/plaquenil not good for last-minute travelers or psoriasis pts?
Drug needs to be started 1-2 weeks before travel
May exacerbate psoriasis
Aralen/plaquenil in preg
Can be used in all trimesters
How long must Aralen/Plaquenil be taken after travel?
most resistance compared to other treatments
Is Doxy good for last minute travelers?
Yes; it can be started 1-2 days before hand
Cons to doxy
-Women prone to yeast infection
-Cannot be used in preg women or children <8 y/o
Pros of Lariam
-Can be used in all trimesters of preg
Cons of Lariam
-C/I in pts with depression, anxiety, psychosis, schizo
-C/I in pts with seizure disorder
-Must be taken 2 or more weeks before travel
-Must be taken 4 weeks after travel
-Most effective for P. Vivax
-Only have to take for 7 days after travel
-Good for last minute travelers
-Cannot be used in pts with G6PD deficiency
-C/I in pregnant women
Which drugs can be used in prophylaxis for malaria?
All aforementioned drugs
How is Typhoid fever spread?
Contaminated food or water
Typhoid fever is caused by
salmonella enterica serotype
Which vaccine is live and killed for typhoid?
Vivotif (oral/live) )4 doses
Typhim Vi (killed/IM) 1 dose
Yellow fever is what type of virus?
RNAss that belongs to the genus Flavivirus
How is yellow fever transmitted?
What are the 3 transmission cycles?
How many vaccines are approved by the WHO for yellow fever? Live or killed?
Which formulation is in North America?
YF-Vax (Sanofi Pasteur)
Age, route, schedule, and rec booster for Sanofi Pasteur?
9 months or older
No booster needed
Japanese Encephalitis is caused by what type of virus?
Who is it transmitted?
T/F) most pts are asyptomatic to the JEV infection
Age, route, schedule, booster
0, 28 days
Booster need only for 17 y/o or greater after 1 year
Cholera is caused by _____
vibrio cholerae O-group 1 or 139
How is cholera transmitted?
Sometimes fish or shellfish
How does cholera present"
Vaxchora (single-dose LIVE oral vaccine)
What is the accelerated vaccination schedule?
Doses at days 0, 7, and 21-30
A booster will needed to be administered 12 months
Can TWINRIX also be used on the accelerated schedule for HepB?"
Yes; same days and needs booster in 12 months
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