Terms in this set (29)
What is the etymology of mythology?
"mythos" meaning authoritative speech, story or plot
"logos" referring to word, speech, or account
What is a myth?
A traditional story with collective importance
What is the etymology of etiology?
Study of "action" (cause)
List the order of the 5 ages.
1. Bronze Age
2. Dark Age
3. Archaic Period
4. Classical Period
5. Hellenistic Period
What is etiology?
Explanation of causes; why things are the way they are
What is chaos?
What is cosmos?
World, order, structure
Describe the Muses.
Goddesses of poetry and art
Where is Mt. Helicon and what is its significance?
N. Greece; Associated with poetry
Who are the first generational children of chaos?
Gaea (earth), Tartarus (underworld), and Eros (love)
What is chthonic?
relating to underworld deities (mountains, sea, giants, cyclopes, monsters)
Who are the children of Gaea?
Uranus (first born) (sky), mountains, then Pontus "sea"
- Titans (6 boys and 6 girls): Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, gold Phoebe, Tethys, lastly Cronus
Who is Cronus?
Last child of Gaea; overthrows his father Uranus and Titans take over
Who is Erinyes?
The furies who were born from the blood of the castrated Uranus and Gaea (along with Giants); ferocious female spirits who punish broken oaths and haunt anyone who shed kindred blood, driving them into madness
Define succession myth.
Mythical explanation of how different generations of gods supplant one another
"Battle of the Titans"
The Olympians took over the world which led to the battle against the Titans
"anthro-" meaning people/human
"morph" - shape
What is the difference between cosmogony and theogony?
A story that explains the "origin of the world" kosmos = world
A story that explains the "origin of the gods" and their rise to power theos = god
What do gods/goddesses typically represent?
Aspects of physical world or abstract concepts
Who were the three male gods that divided the world up?
Zeus (sky), Hades (underworld), and Poseidon (sea)
Who were the children of Cronus and Rhea?
Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus
List Zeus' sexual partners and offspring
Metis? (Athena - technology, wisdom, war)
Hera (Hephaestus - assexual and metalworking; fire; volcanos, Hebe - youth, Ares - war, Eileithyia - childbirth)
Leto (Apollo - prophecy; music, Artemis - fertility goddess; hunting)
Demeter (Persephone - agriculture)
Mnemosyne (The muses)
Semele (Dionysus - ecstasy, wine)
Who are the 12 main Olympians?
Why did Poseidon hate Odysseus?
Odysseus killed his son the Cyclopes and he was on the Trojan's side during the war
What is Apollo associated with?
sun, youth, reason, music, prophecy, archery
Where was Apollo born?
The island of Delos
Describe Apollo's unhappy relationships.
Cassandra: She tricked him into giving her a prophet's power in exchanged for sleeping with him; result - no one believes in her prophecies
Sibyl: Same situation as Cassandra, except she had the power of immortality; result - did not have the power of lasting youth and looked like a raisin
Daphne: the nymph who was captured by Apollo and turned into a laurel tree before he could possess her
Hyacinth: The young man who got his head sliced by a discus and Apollo made flowers grow from his blood
Coronis: A mortal woman who cheated on Apollo with another mortal and killed her with an arrow; result - they had a kid named Asclepius who became the greatest doctor
Apollo is the god of what?
He is the god of Shamans
Who were Hermes' parents?
Zeus and Maia, the daughter of Atlas and an Oceanid