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Pathophysiology chapter 11 reproductive system
Terms in this set (54)
What is the outer vagina lips that enclose and protect other external reproductive organs?
What is the space between the rectal opening and the vagina opening?
What do ovaries produce? What is true of ova at birth?
Women are born with a fixd number of ova at birth
What is the site of fertilization of the ovum?
What hormone triggers puberty in the female reproductive system?
Gonadotropin - releasing hormone
What is the average length of days of the female reproductive system and what two cycles does it include?
Ovarian cycle and menstrual cycle
What two hormones produced by the anterior pituitary gland drive the ovarian cycle?
FSH & LH
What two hormones secreted by the ovaries drive the menstrual cycle?
Estrogen and progesterone
Who is at greatest risk for acquiring PID?
Sexually active women under 25 and those of Child bearing
What is the most common PID symptom?
Lower abdominal pain
How is PID treated?
What is the most important risk factor for cervical cancer?
Infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV)
What is the effect of smoking on risk of cervical cancer?
They are about twice is likely to get cervical cancer
What is the most common cancer the uterus?
What is the cause of uterine fibroid tumors?
Being a woman of reproductive age
What effect do oral contraceptive have on bleeding caused by uterine fibroid tumors?
They made decrease the bleeding caused by them
What percentage of breast cancer cases are thought to be hereditary?
Approximately 5 to 10%
What receptors are found on breast cancer tumor cells?
Receptors for estrogen and or progesterone
What does the hormone binding to it receptor stimulate?
The tumor cell to divide
At what age are women strongly urge to start examining there breast monthly for signs of cancer?
What benign tumor are often felt during the breast exam and feel firm, round, smooth, rubbery, and are easily movable with clearly defined edges?
What are fluid filled sacs within breast issue?
What is the term for menstruation not beginning by age 16?
What are risk factors for amenorrhea?
Eating disorders, athletic training, a family history of amenorrhea
What causes primary dysmenorrhea?
What is defined as total blood loss succeeding 80 milliliters per menses lasting longer than 7 days?
What is one of the most common gynecologic complaints affecting 30% of all premenopausal women?
What is the most common symptom of endometriosis?
What is the only certain means of diagnosing endometriosis?
Seeing it with laparoscopy
What is the most common sight of ectopic pregnancy?
Why is ectopic pregnancy difficult to diagnose?
Because signs and symptoms me mirror early pregnancy
What is the estimated percentage of fertilized ova that die and are spontaneously aborted before the woman is she is pregnant?
up to 50%
When does spontaneous abortion usually occur?
Usually between the 7th and 12th weeks of pregnancy
What is diagnosis of preeclampsia based on?
Increased blood pressure and urine protein levels
What effect does the placenta have one insulin in gestational diabetes?
Normally inactivates insulin
If gestational diabetes is not treated, what is the fetus at risk for?
Premature delivery and respiratory distress syndrome
What happens to the pH of vaginal secretions of older women and what does it make them more susceptible to?
Becomes more alkaline and more susceptible to vaginal infections
What causes cessation of ovulation and menstruation?
What are risk factors for uterine prolapse?
age, one or more vaginal births, giving birth to a large baby
What are the sperm producing factories within the testes?
What glands secret a thick, yellowish fluid that nourishes and activates the sperm?
What glands secret a clear fluid into the urethra during sexual arousal that serves as a lubricant for sexual intercourse and neutralize is the acidity of residual urine in the urethra?
What gland secretes a thick, milky fluid that enhances sperm motility and neutralizes the acidity of the male urethra and the woman''s vagina?
When does testosterone secretion begin in a male?
Approximately two months after Conception
What exam allows the physician to palpate the prostate gland?
Digital rectal examination (DRE)
What age group is affected most with prostatitis?
Young and middle aged men
Before which month of gestatation is an infant born with the greater chance of having cryptorchidism?
8 months of pregnancy
What hormone stimulates the growth of prostate tumor cells?
What is the most common cancer in men 20-35 years old?
Which STI causes a burning sensation when urinating; a white, yellow or green discharge from the penis, or painful or swollen testicles?
How is syphilis transmitted?
- Sexual contact
- direct contact with a syphilis chancre
- during childbirth
How many years after syphilis is acquired can late syphilis appear?
10-15 years after the infection is acquired
Is genital HSV-2 infection more common in men or women?
What are benign neoplastic growths on the epidermis of the genitals?
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