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Part 2 GOVT Exam 3
Terms in this set (76)
How many justices are there?
How does a bill become a law? Step 1
How does a bill become a law? Step 2
Bill is Proposed
How does a bill become a law? Step 3
Bill is Introduced
How does a bill become a law? Step 4
Bill goes to committee
How does a bill become a law? Step 5
Bill Is Reported
How does a bill become a law? Step 6
Bill is debated
How does a bill become a law? Step 7
Bill is voted on
How does a bill become a law? Step 8
Bill is referred to the Senate
How does a bill become a law? Step 9
Bill is sent to the President
How does a bill become a law? Step 10
Bill is a law
How does a law begin (bill)?
Laws begin as ideas. These ideas may come from a Representative—or from a citizen like you. Citizens who have ideas for laws can contact their Representatives to discuss their ideas. If the Representatives agree, they research the ideas and write them into bills.
2. Bill is Proposed
When a Representative has written a bill, the bill needs a sponsor. The Representative talks with other Representatives about the bill in hopes of getting their support for it. Once a bill has a sponsor and the support of some of the Representatives, it is ready to be introduced.
3. Bill is Introduced
In the U.S. House of Representatives, a bill is introduced when it is placed in the hopper—a special box on the side of the clerk's desk. Only Representatives can introduce bills in the U.S. House of Representatives.
When a bill is introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives, a bill clerk assigns it a number that begins with H.R. A reading clerk then reads the bill to all the Representatives, and the Speaker of the House sends the bill to one of the House standing committees.
4. Bill Goes to Committee
When the bill reaches committee, the committee members—groups of Representatives who are experts on topics such as agriculture, education, or international relations—review, research, and revise the bill before voting on whether or not to send the bill back to the House floor.
If the committee members would like more information before deciding if the bill should be sent to the House floor, the bill is sent to a subcommittee. While in subcommittee, the bill is closely examined and expert opinions are gathered before it is sent back to the committee for approval.
Bill is Reported
When the committee has approved a bill, it is sent—or reported—to the House floor. Once reported, a bill is ready to be debated by the U.S. House of Representatives.
Bill is Debated
When a bill is debated, Representatives discuss the bill and explain why they agree or disagree with it. Then, a reading clerk reads the bill section by section and the Representatives recommend changes. When all changes have been made, the bill is ready to be voted on.
7. Bill is Voted on
1. Viva Voce ("aye" and "no")
2. Division (asks who support to stand up)
3. Recorded (record their vote using electronice voting system "yes, not or present")
Viva Voce (voice vote)
The Speaker of the House asks the Representatives who support the bill to say "aye" and those that oppose it say "no."
The Speaker of the House asks those Representatives who support the bill to stand up and be counted, and then those who oppose the bill to stand up and be counted.
Representatives record their vote using the electronic voting system. Representatives can vote yes, no, or present (if they don't want to vote on the bill).
8. The Bill Is Referred to the Senate
When a bill reaches the U.S. Senate, it goes through many of the same steps it went through in the U.S. House of Representatives. The bill is discussed in a Senate committee and then reported to the Senate floor to be voted on.
Senators vote by voice. Those who support the bill say "yea," and those who oppose it say "nay." If a majority of the Senators say "yea," the bill passes in the U.S. Senate and is ready to go to the President.
9. The Bill Is Sent to the President
When a bill reaches the President, he has three choices. He can:
1. Sign and pass the bill - bill becomes a law
2. Refuse to sign, or veto, the bill - bill is sent back to the Representatives and the Senate still believe the bill should become a law, they can hold another vote on the bill.
3.Do Nothing (pocket veto)
Refuse to sign,or veto the bill: bill is sent back to the US House of Reps., along with the President's reasons for the veto. If the U.S. House of Reps. and the US Senate still believe the bill should become a law, they can hold another vote on the bill. HOWEVER:
IF TWO-THIRDS OF REPS AND SENATORS SUPPORT THE BILL, THE PRESIDENT'S VETO IS OVERRIDDEN AND THE BILL BECOMES A LAW
Pocket Veto (do nothing)
if Congress is in session, the bill automatically becomes law after 10 days. If Congress is not in session, the bill does not become a law.
10. The Bill Is a Law
If a bill has passed in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate and has been approved by the President, or if a presidential veto has been overridden, the bill becomes a law and is enforced by the government.
write national legislation by dividing work into separate committees which specialize in different areas. some members of Congress are elected by their peers to be officers of these committees. Some members of Congress are elected by their peers to be officers of these committees.
Who has the Advice and Consent powers?
The Senate, this power includes power to approve treaties. Only a privilege to this particular party, The House of Congress, however can initiate spending bills.
Who serves as the president of Senate?
Vice President serves
Who can vote to break a tie?
The Vice President can vote to break a tie
who acts as successor to president in case of death or resignation?
Vice President acts
one who succeeds or follows another in an office or position; an heir
How many Vice Presidents have become president because death of the president?
Amendment that creates a chain of succession for filling in the presidential seat in case of death/incapacitation. 1967, established procedures for filing presidential and vice-presidential vacancies and makes provisions for presidential disability
When does the Vice President become vacant?
President shall nominate a VP who can take office upon confirmation by a majority of vote in both houses of Congress.
The 5 Offices in the line of Succession?
2. Speaker of the House of Representatives
3. Senate President Pro Tempore
4. Secretary of State
5.Secretary of Treasure
Who is FIRST in line of succession should something happen to the President?
Vice President is first
Who is SECOND in line of succession should something happen to the President?
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Who is THIRD in line of succession should something happen to the President?
Senate President Pro Tempore
Who is FOURTH in line of succession should something happen to the President?
Secretary of State
Who is FIFTH in line of succession should something happen to the President?
Secretary of Treasure
How many members in House?
How many members in Senate?
How long is a term in office for House?
How long is a term in office for Senate?
Who's rules are most flexible? Who's rules are most flexible?
Who has broader, more varied constituency?
The house is the house is the policy ____
The Senate is the policy _____
Approves ambassadors, judges, and cabinet members
House of Representatives
Power of impeachment
The House has the least amount of evenly distributed what?
The House has less ____
High standing; respect earned by accomplishments
The House has a ____ floor debate?
period during which a bill is brought up before the entire chamber for debate.
done with speed and efficiency
House has a less ______ on staff?
___ has more ___ covrage
Senate ; media and press
___ is more Partisan than ___
House ; Senate
Devoted to or biased in support of a party, group, or cause
What does Congress do?
Representation, casework, legislation, and congressional oversight
What is the Constitutional basis for Congressional powers?
Article 1, Section 8
Article 1, Section 8
lists specific powers of Congress, including the power to establish and maintain an army and navy, to establish post offices, to create courts, to regulate commerce between the states, to declare war, and to raise money. It also includes a clause known as the Elastic Clause which allows it to pass any law necessary for the carrying out of the previously listed powers.
How do members of Congress represent their district as a whole?
They obtaining federal projects, obtaining grants, and contracts that promote employment, supporting policies that enhance economic prosperity, safety, cultural resources, etc., and participating in state and regional caucuses.
How representative are the members of Congress by occupation in House?
187 in business, 77 in education, 156 in law, 184 in public service and 87 with previous military experience.
How representative are the members of Congress by occupation in Senate?
27 in business, 15 in education, 55 in law, 42 in public service and 18 in previous military experience.
Chief Justice of the US
John G. Roberts Jr
Associate of Justice from Sacramento, CA
Anthony M Kennedy
Associate of Justice from Savannah, GA
Associate of Justice from Brooklyn, NY
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Associate Justice from San Francisco, CA
Stephen G. Breyer
Associate Justice from Trenton, NJ
Samuel Anthony Alito
Associate Justice from Bronx, NY
Associate Justice from New York, New York
Associate Justice from Denver, CO
Neil M Gorsuch
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