79 terms

SWK 201 Test 2

Chapters 5, 6, 7
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Terms in this set (...)

Bilingual Education
School programs that allow children to learn course material in their native language while thay develop skills in a second language, usually English
Colonization
Settlement and occupation of a new country
Cultural Competence
Understanding of how and why people are different and awareness of the effect of oppression and discrimination on people's lives
Ethnic Groups
Group of people who share common cultrual patterns of national origins
Immigration
Movement of people away from their native lands to become permanent residents of another country
Multiculturalism
Acknowledgement, appreciation, and understanding of cultural diversity
Multiethnic or Transracial Adoption
Permanent placement of children of one ethnicity or race with parents of a different ethnicity or race
Race
Umbrella term that includes multiple ethnic groups
Refugees
Person who is fleeing persecution from countries considered to be oppressive
Reparations
Payments made to redress past injustices
Social Construction
Image of group's characteristics and value determined by people who have power in society
Advocacy
Pleading the cause of another or speaking up and supporting what one believes
Assessment
Determination of the presenting concerns in the context of the person's environment, personal history, and background in order to identify appropriate services
Case Management
Coodination and referral of services for a client
Cognitive-Behavioral Theory
Practice interventions designed to weaken or lessen habitual reactions to troublesome situations in order to calm the mind and body so the person can think more clearly and make better decisions
Community Change
Working towards outcomes that improve social and economic conditions
Community Development
Process of helping individuals improve the conditions of their lives by increased involvement in the social and economic conditions of their communities
Community Organizing
Bringing people together to work for needed change
Community Planning
Collecting data, analyzing a situation, and developing strategies to move from a problem to a solution
Crisis Intervention
Short-term social work practice that is designed to assist victims and survivors to return to their precrisis level of functioning
Direct Services
Social services provided by social workers
Empathy
The automatic or unconscious affective process that allows us to recognize another's emotional state coupled with the top-down conscious cognitive processes that enable us to not only explain and predict our own behaviors, but the behavious of others as well
Engagement
Process to establish a relationship with a client
Evaluation
Critically analyze, monitor and assess interventions
Generalist Social Work Practice
Social work practice based with broad range of training and primarily used to guide and coordinate service
Global Perspective
Drawing on the knowledge and practice of other social workers across internationsl boundaries
Information and Referral
Providing information on availability, location, and eligibility to clients to enhance their access to services
Intervention
Actions taken by social workers to enhance client capactities
Macro Practice
Work to change the larger social environment so that it benefits individuals and families
Micro Practice
Work to help individuals, families, and small groups function better within the larger environment
Network Linkages
Connections between social service systes for a client
Problem-Solving Method
Pragmatic approach to social work direct practice that emphasizes identifying the client's present difficulties, which are a natural part of life, and providing knowledge and resources to help with them
Psychosocial Treatment
Form of direct practice that emphasizes explanation of the internal determinants of people's behaviors, with focus on early life experiences and childhood memories
Socialization Groups
Groups designed to help participants learn how to behave in socially accepted ways so they can function effectively in their lives and communities
Task-Centered Casework
Short-term treatment focused on client-acknowledged problems
Adoption
Legally moving a child to another family becoming one of their own
Assessment
Determination of the presentig concers in the context of the person's environment, personal history, and background in order to identify appropriate services
Childhood
First period of life that begins at birth and ends at age 18
Child Welfare
Activities, programs, interventions, or policies that are intended to improve the overall well-being of children
Cognitive Development
Developmental stages that children must go through in order to progress to higher levels of thinking; thinking starts out basic and concrete in infacny and becomes more abstract and complicated
Delinquency
Behavior that is illegal and could cause a child to become involved with the juvenile justice system
Family
System of individuals who are interrelated and have significant relationships
Family Preservation Services
Services to provide support to families so crises can be averted or to help families cope and stay together if crises do occur
Foster Care
Social welfare program designed to care for children outside of their families
Maltreatment
Ways that people are hurt by the people who are expected to care for them; includes physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, exploitation, or neglect
Permanency Planning
Effort to achieve child welfare goal of placing children in the most stabe and safe living situation
Psychosocial Theory
Belief that human development progresses through a series of psychosocial crises that must be resolved-by Erik Erikson
Referral
Request or demand by other professionals that social services be provided for a client
Self-Determination
Client's making their own choices, respect value of socail workers
Social Learning Theory
Belief that behavior is learned through socialization
Termination
Final stage of the problem-solving model for treatment
Vulnerable
Needing special attention and advocacy; needing others to recognize and respond to one's needs
Cultural Destructiveness
The worker holds attitudes, policies, and practices that destroy cultures
Cultural Incapacity
The worker believes in the superiority of dominant groups, does not support nondominant groups, and engages in discriminantory behaviors
Cultural Blindness
The worker believes that there are no differences between people that they are all the same; this tends to reflect a belief that the dominant culture is universal. A nonableist term for this concept is cultural evasiveness
Cultural Precompetence
The worker begins to respect other cultures and demonstrates this respect through one or two actions, followed by a sense that he or she has done enough
Cultural Competence
The worker accepts and respects differences, continuously expands cultural knowledge and resources, and actively pursues engagement with nondominant clients and coworkers
Cultural Proficiency
The worker esteems other cultures, engages in research, and outreach to build cultural knowledge, and specializes in culturally competent practices
Therapeutic Interventions
Provide specialized car for individuals to restore or enhance mental well-being
E-therapy
New technologies keep increasing; communication; confidentiality problems
Family Intervention
Can be viewed as an extension of individual work, a form of group work, or a form of practice separate from both
Group Social Work types
Social, Educational, Therapeutic, and Task-Centered
Educational Groups
Impart information and train people
Therapeutic Groups
Psychological interventions
Task-Centered Groups
Organizational and Social change
Neighborhood and Community Organizing
Process of bringing members of a GEOGRAPHIC community together to create power in numbers
Functional Organizing
Bringing similar people together to shift the balance of power and advocate for needed change. Less about geographic area.
Community Social and Economic Development
Strives to empower and improve the lives of low-income, marginalized, and oppresses people by bringing residents together to become more involved in the social and economic lives of their communities
Social Planning
A rational problem-solving process in which planners look at communities and available resources and create plans to develop, expand, coordination, and implement services
Program Development and Community Liaison
The purpose of program development is the creation of a new service or expansion of an existing service or program to meet community needs
Political and Social Action
Model focuses on helping citizens gain political power and a voice in the decision-making process.
Coalition Building
Formed when separate groups come together to work collectively on an issue of concern
Ecological Approach
provides a framework for social workers to assess a client within the context of his or her environment
Human Development theories
Describe stages and the tasks that are expected to be accomplished at each stage
Human Development stages
Infancy, Preschool years, Middle Childhood, Adolescence
Child Protective Services
Typically used to refer to the state system, department, or agency responsible for the investigation of allegations of abuse or neglect, the protection of children at risk of abuse or neglect, service delivery, and the placement of children who have been maltreated.
Intervention Process:
Engagement, assessment, planning, intervention, evaluation, termination
Values and Ethics in Child Welfare
Respect for the Dignity and Uniqueness of the Individual; Respect for Self-Determination; Respect for Confidentiality
Critical Issues of Child Welfare
Maltreatment, foster care, alcohol/drug abuse, decisions about sexual behavior, delinquency, divorce, poverty, immigration