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Chapter 3 - Ethical Issues in Counseling Practice

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In becoming an ethical practitioner, a crucial task is to
learn how to interpret and apply ethical codes to an ethical dlemma.
According to the text, the challenge of providing informed consent consists of
striking a balance between giving clients too much and too little information about the therapeutic process.
Many ethical codes state that dual or multiple relationships
should be avoided whenever possible.
Privileged communication does not apply to
group counseling, couples counseling, family therapy, and child and adolescent therapy.
Confidentiality must be breached and information must be reported by practitioners when
clients pose a danger to others; a child under the age of 16 is the victim of incest, rape, or child abuse; an older adult is being abused; the therapist determines that the client needs immediate, involuntary hospitalization.
Which of the following statements is not true about guidelines for ethical practice in counseling and psychotherapy?
Practitioners are free to formulate any ethics they choose.
Under what circumstances should a therapist consult with colleagues or specialists?
When the client complains of physical symptoms; facing an ethical problem, or when working with a client for an extended period of time and losing objectivity.
Clients have a right to be informed about
Their therapist's qualifications, the general goals of counseling, and the approximate length of the therapeutic process.
Both feminist therapists and postmodern therapists tend to view diagnosis as it is traditionally done
as often oppressive and ignoring of societal contexts.
Marcus, a therapist in a community agency, recently divorced his wife and seems to be harboring anger towards women in general. His colleagues, who have noticed a change in his attitude and behavior lately, have encouraged him to seek personal counseling to work through his issues. They are
acting ethically by recommending counseling for Marcus; as counselors, they recognize that personal issues that have not been worked through are likely to be projected onto clients.
According to the text, positive ethics is a practice in which counselors
base their ethical decisions on what is best for clients rather than minimum standards of care.
During her sessions, Justine questions whether she is trying to meet her clients' needs or her own needs. Justine is
engaging in meaningful self-reflection and self-assessment as a professional.
Assessment is a useful method of
evaluating a client's current level of functioning, forming a case of conceptualization, involving the client as an active participant in treatment, and gaining insight into the client's subjective world.
Evidence-based practices are not
based on psychodynamic principles.
Mandatory ethics
is the view of ethical practice that deals with the minimum level of professional practice.
The ACA code of ethics in relation to child & adolescent counseling
School counselors do not need to get parental consent to counsel children in schools.
Confidentiality in group for minors according to ACA ethical standards
is not a right of children.