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Fundamental of Wellness Final Study Guide
Terms in this set (51)
What can happen if the body has too much stress?
-Stomach cramps, headaches, neck tension
-Physical & psychological stress alters the immune system
-High Cortisol causes inflammation which promotes chronic diseases.
-May increase the risk of dementia
A body's mental, emotional, and physiological response to any situation that is new, threatening, frightening, or exciting
health and performance improves as stress increases
What is the optimal level of stress?
The point where stress is most conductive to adequate health and performance
What is a person's explanatory style?
The habitual manner in which people explain the things that happen to them
What are characteristics of negative and positive explanatory styles?
Pessimistic Explanatory Style: Negative; can delay healing time and worsen illness & immunity
Optimistic Style: Positive; increase strength of immune system, resist infections...
Hard driving, aggressive, over ambitious
Calm, casual, relaxed
What is a fighting spirit
Expressing emotions in a healthy manner
Plays a major role in recovery
Exhaustion and Recovery
What dies skeet deprivation do to the body?
Weaken immune system, impair mental ability
What are the 5 steps of time management?
1.Find time killers
2. Set long and short range goals
3. Identify your immediate goals and prioritize them.
4. Use a planner
5. Conduct nightly audits
What is progressive muscle relaxation?
Stress management tool
Progressive contraction and relaxation of muscle groups throughout the body
What is the focus of breathing exercises?
What is the most prevalent degenerative disease in the U.S.?
What are the major risk factors for developing Coronary Heart Disease?
For habitually sedentary people, how much can sudden heavy-duty physical activity increase their risk for a cardiovascular event?
increased risk 50-100 fold
What does research published in the New England Journal of Medicine say about physical inactivity?
Increased physical activity decreases risk for CHD
Where is abdominal fat stored and which is the most dangerous to health risk?
Visceral fat, causes Coronary Heart Disease
What type of cholesterol increases your risk for Coronary Heart Disease?
What does homocysteine accumulation contribute to?
Formation of plaque
Blockage of arteries
How does cigarette smoking affect CHD risk?
Increases risk for Coronary Heart Disease 2-4x
What is the function of LDL cholesterol in the blood?
Transports bad cholesterol molecules in the blood, tends to increase blood cholesterol
What is HDL Cholesterol's function?
Transport good cholesterol in the blood, help clear cholesterol from the blood.
What are the components of Metabolic Syndrome?
Cells resist insulin, pancreas releases more insulin, triggers abnormalities called metabolic syndrome
Wait is Carcinoma in situ?
When a tumor reaches about a million cells
Cancer is the _____ leading cause of death in the U.S.?
What is the leading cause of death worldwide?
How does obesity affect cancer risk?
Increases the risk by 50%
How much shorter is the average lifespan for a smoker vs. a non-smoker?
13-14 years shorter
What percent of cancer is related to lifestyle? Environmental factors?
What are some factors that increase a woman's risk of cervical cancer?
-Infection with HPV
-Birth Control Pills
What is the most deadly type of skin cancer?
What are the cancer fighting antioxidants found in tea called?
How is crack cocaine processed?
With baking soda or ammonia
What is the mind altering ingredient in marijuana?
How long doe sit stay int he body after a single dose?
For 30 days or more after initial dose
How much more do heavy smokers use the health care system?
Twice as much
How quickly can someone experience withdrawals from snorted heroin?
What are addictions to work, shopping, technology, sex, gambling, and exercise called?
What percentage of college dropouts are alcohol related?
What percentage of car accidents is alcohol a factor in
1/2 of all car accident deaths
How many date rapes and assaults of college students each year is alcohol related?
Which substance is more physically addicting, nicotine or alcohol?
Know how many schedules of drugs there are and what are the medicinal values of those scheduled drugs?
Schedule 1 drug: no medical value, highly addictive
Schedule 2 drug: Some medical use, highly addictive
Schedule 3,4,5,&6 Drug: Medical value and less addictive
What type of Sexually Transmitted Infection is Chlamydia?
HPV increases the risk for what in a woman?
How many strains of HPV can be sexually transmitted?
Know the symptoms of Gonorrhea in men
Pus like secretion and painful urination
Know what AIDS means in relation to HIV
AIDS is the final stage of HIV
What is altruism?
-Concern for the wellbeing of others
-key aspect of spiritual people
-enhances health and longevity
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