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CHAPTER 18 STUDY GUIDE - JED
Terms in this set (38)
The deserts that cover most of the Arabian Peninsula have significant
winds that bring deadly heat and choking dust
The Arabian Peninsula is surrounded by
important shipping routes
The most important resources on the Arabian Peninsula are
oil and freshwater
Which of the following correctly describes the Red Sea?
It forms the Arabian Peninsula's western boundary and is widening as tectonic plates separate.
Wadis are unreliable sources of water because
so little rain falls that they are often dry and empty
Transportation of oil by supertankers can be interrupted by disputes near the region's
Because Bahrain has little oil, it has
become wealthy by diversifying into finance and banking for its oil-rich neighbors
Most of the population of the Arabian Peninsula lives
along the coasts of the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea
The primary religion in the region is
Religious people in the region see making a ________ as part of their duty to Allah, or God.
hajj to Makkah
The way physical, human, and economic geography impact government policy is a relationship known as
Climate change in the region has impacted temperatures, rainfall, and sea level in the following ways:
increased temperatures, decreased rainfall, rising sea level
The negative consequences of turning salt water into freshwater include that
it is forcing sea levels down and decreasing the saltiness of the seas
On the Arabian Peninsula, seawater converted to freshwater is mostly used for
Push and pull factors refer to
the reasons people leave and are drawn to the Arabian Peninsula
The Red Sea is an important resource because it
contains an unusually hardy coral reef
Nomadic bedouin tribes moved from place to place because
they needed to move their herds from one desert oasis to another
How have countries in the Arabian Peninsula managed freshwater, their most precious resource?
Most have drawn too heavily from aquifers and wasted it with poor irrigation methods.
The Arabian shield has
volcanic mountains and an escarpment along the west coast.
The ________ industry provides significant wealth to most nations in the region.
The Red Sea is getting ________ as a result of tectonic activity.
The major source of conflict between the two branches of Islam is disagreement over
whether relatives of Muhammad should be his successors
To overcome the shortage of freshwater, countries in the region are focusing most on
making seawater drinkable
a landform composed of hard, ancient rocks
an area of land almost entirely surrounded by water
a hill of sand deposited and shaped by the wind
an extremely dry climate
a strong wind that alternates directions with the seasons
the landform that includes a tall range of extinct volcanoes and ancient rocks along the west coast of the Arabian region
the northern end of the Indian Ocean between India, the Arabian region, and Africa
the "empty quarter" desert that is ten times the size of the other desert in the region
the body of water to the east of the Arabian countries that connects a gulf by the major oil producing countries and a sea
Gulf of Oman
the body of water "choked" by the Strait of Hormuz through which much of the world's oil is shipped
the regional landform mostly surrounded by gulfs and seas to the east, west, and south
the northern desert that contains reddish dunes spread across 25,000 square miles (65,000 sq. km)
the body of water that connects two seas to the west and south of the Arabian region
Gulf of Aden
the part of Earth's mantle on which the region's countries are located
the body of water that fills a tectonic rift and serves as a transportation route between Europe and Asia
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