Terms in this set (44)
The Endocrine System
Information travels through our bodies in two forms: as electrical signals, or as chemical signals. The chemical signals are created and carried throughout the body using the
appears to function to control development of sexual traits
a large ductless gland in the neck that secretes hormones regulating growth and development through the rate of metabolism
located on top of the kidneys, produces hormones that help regulate metabolism and immune response, among other things. release of adrenalin (or epinephrine) that triggers the "fight or flight" response.
which is part of the endocrine system, is a small structure located just below the hypothalamus. This is a very influential gland releases hormones that affect your growth as well as influencing the activities of other glands.
Sub- Cortical Brain Structures
structure deep within the brain stem that receives sensory information from the nervous system and passes the information to the cerebral cortex and other parts of the brain. It acts as a director of information related to bodily functions such as seeing, sleeping, hearing, waking, tasting, and touching.
responsible for orchestrating several behaviors that are considered "maintenance" behaviors (such as eating, drinking, body temperature). is also involved in feeling emotions and perceiving things are rewarding
part of the limbic system that is vital for the formation of memories.
containing lots of neurons that influence anger, aggression, fear, and rage.
two halves of the physical brain. They are connected by a band of tissue known as the corpus callosum that coordinates activity between the two hemispheres.
lying immediately behind the forehead, including areas concerned with behavior, learning, personality, and voluntary movement.
area in the brain which plays a major part in touch, pressure and temperature.
The area in the brain involved with hearing in the cerebral cortex
located at the rear, responsible for sight
functions can be classified into 4 categories: motor control, sensory control, visceral control, and control of consciousness.
automatic functions like breathing, blood pressure, circulation and heart functions, and digestion. It is also the area responsible for many reflexes like swallowing, vomiting, coughing, and sneezing.
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses
a chemical substance that is released at the end of a nerve fiber by the arrival of a nerve impulse and, by diffusing across the synapse or junction, causes the transfer of the impulse to another nerve fiber, a muscle fiber, or some other structure.
a process in which neurotransmitters are sponged up from the synaptic cleft by the presynaptic membrane, allows synapse to recycle their materials
Somatic nervous system
is made up of nerves that connect to voluntary skeletal muscles and to sensory receptors
brain and the spinal cord
made up of all those nerves that lie outside the brain and spinal cord
acts as the speech center
Cortices of the Brain
cerebral cortex, gray matter of the brain
how cognitive processes (neural functions) are more dominant on one side of the brain than the other.
left side of brain
logic, such as in science and mathematics
the process of concentrating on and becoming expert in a particular subject or skill.
Split brain research
corpus callosum connecting the two hemispheres of the brain is severed to some degree. It is an association of symptoms produced by disruption of or interference with the connection between the hemispheres of the brain
various techniques to either directly or indirectly image the structure, function/pharmacology of the nervous system. It is a relatively new discipline within medicine, neuroscience, and psychology.
Pierre Paul Broca was a French physician, anatomist and anthropologist. He was born in Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, Gironde. He is best known for his research on Broca's area, a region of the frontal lobe that has been named after him
British naturalist and scientist who developed theories about evolution and natural selection and is credited with being the father of evolutionary theory.
a professor of psychology where he heads the new SAGE Center for the Study of the Mind. He is one of the leading researchers in cognitive neuroscience, the study of the neural basis of mind.
won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for his work with split-brain research.
his descriptions of the aphasias, disorders interfering with the ability to communicate in speech or writing.
released by motor neurons controlling skeletal muscles contributes to the regulation of attention, arousal, and memory some ACh receptors simulates by nicotine
Contributes to control of voluntary movement cocaine and amphetamines elevate activity at DA synapse Dopamine circuits in medical forebrain bundle characterized as reward pathway
contributes to modulation of mood and arousal
involved in regulation of sleep and wakefulness, aggression
inhibitory transmitter, contributing to regulation of anxiety and sleep arousal
serves as widely distributed inhibitory transmitter, contributing to regulation of anxiety and sleep/arousal
bodes natural opiates
development of language.
right side of brain
creativity and arts
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