hermeneutics final

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Terms in this set (...)

inerrant
without any error of any kind
infallible
will not lead the reader astray
sufficient
provides all that is needed to worship god in any and every situation
authoritative
binding upon a believer
inspiration
god's superintending activity in the process of forming a biblical book to make sure that it reflects inerrancy, infallibility, sufficiency, and authority
mimesis
process whereby an author can mimic or represent his experiences reality, even his perception and interpretation of what was, in a particular medium, such as a book, to a reader; interpret the world as you experience it, communicate such, work is read and understood by reader
mimesis 1
person experiences an event and records it into his memory
mimesis 2
a person takes an event from his memory and records it into his book
mimesis 3
another person reads the text and records the event
emplotment
makes mimesis possible and meaningful
selects, adapts, arranges
process of the author
selects
author chooses which parts should be included in the text
adapts
author changes the form so it makes sense
arranges
author puts the text in a particular order
author-centered hermeneutics
focuses on who wrote the text and what is happening at the time; potential weakness is looking at the author too much instead of looking at what he wrote
reader-centered hermeneutics
emphasizes the role of the reader and how he interprets the text; potential weakness to this is interpreting the text incorrectly because of presuppositions/perspective etc.
apologetics
defending the text for what it is
exegesis
adding additional parts to the text
prayer, semantics, grammar and syntax, textual criticism, composition, biblical theology
interpretive toolkit
semantics
analysis of the meaning of words: "dictionary" meanings or usages of a word; provides interpreter with specific information about the usage of a given word
grammar and syntax
analysis of the relationship of the words within a claus (and across clauses); the rules the govern how words operate
textual criticism
analysis of what is the best available form of the canonical text: how is the text put together by the author
composition
analysis of how the various words, phrases, and clauses of a text are cohesive and coherent to create meaning
cohesion
text's ability to stick together, to be perceived as part of the same whole text
coherence
involves a text's ability to be understood
repetition
creates a commentary that's also a comparison, that's also a contrast
intextuality
repetitions between different parts of the same section of the same book; typically function to clarify or to heighten possible ambiguities
innertextuality
repetitions between different parts of different sections of the same book; most important kind of repetition
intertextuality
repetition between different books; serves as a check on the conclusions of intextuality and innertextuality
juxtaposition
creates meaning by associating things together
pronominalization
linking ideas and contents of multiple clauses using pronouns
prominence
textual features that stand out from others (i.e. a long clause amongst several short clauses)
biblical theology
analysis of the message of the text being studied in light of the book, its parts, and whole biblical canon; allowing the Bible to interpret the Bible and for the history of interpretation to retrain, guide, and inform a particular text's interpretation; Primarily focus on linking other interpretive work to discover the message of a book or text to the message of the rest of the canon
effective history
history of the interpretation of the text that affects readers; discussion of how the text and its interpretation passed from the author and his time to the next and next until it reached the reader
induction
looking at the details and different features of something to get to the big picture/main message
deduction
begins with someone's presupposition about something and then goes to the details
semantic structures
structure that differs in form
rhetorical structures
structures that simply have one form
general revelation
knowledge of god that every man who has ever lived has had at least some access; doesn't answer the essential questions for salvation; limited by its inability on its own to convey the gospel
special revelation
seeing it, have the ability to experience it first hand; reading it, not only read about the first-hand experience, also read the author's interpretation/perspectie of it
theological conversation
Attempts to connect the hands-on work you've done on the text to the many voices that have gone before you; A number of key sources should mark your TC and guide you to think more biblically, systematically, and clearly about the key theological conclusions from the biblical book you're studying
big question
Prepares the interpreter to see the solution more clearly and to frame its wording in a more accurate manner
typology
mark on the text that helps keep the text/book together; to describe a character or scene in such a way to remind you of someone or something earlier in the Bible
composition criticism
isolates a text-immanent (coming from the text) explanation of a book's structure; Isolates the meaning of a text through understanding how his authoring fashioned the text into a meaningful whole because an unbreakable link exists between the meaning of a text and its structure
collocation
2 words that are critical and appear together
appropriation
focus on bringing the biblical principles into the modern world
evaluation
focuses on evaluation of the past context of a biblical text
covenant theology
Focus of Scripture: God's glory in soteriology and covenant
Continuity between OT and NT
One people of God: the Church as true Israel
Eschatology is not emphasized (postmillennial or Amillennial
Moral aspect of Mosaic legal codes does apply to the Church
dispensational theology
Focus of Scripture: God's glory in different dispensations (administrations) sequential working through of different covenants
Discontinuity between OT and NT Two Peoples of God: Israel and the Church
Eschatology emphasized (Premillennial)
Mosaic legal codes do not apply to the Church
wisdom theology
Laws of Sinai as part of the book of the Torah are wisdom for the reader; Orientation to these laws is not a legal relationship but a Scriptural relationship; Laws are part of a grand story that covers the beginning of time to the end of time, and our own lives are a part of this story
parable
earthly story with heavenly meaning
apocalyptic text
revelation of what's coming in the end
discursive text
logical arguments
dramatic text
narrative whose logic and reasoning is similar to poetry