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The Yalta Conference, February 1945
Terms in this set (20)
When was the Yalta Conference?
What had happened by early 1945?
The Allied armies were closing in on Berlin, and Germany was close to defeat.
What did the 3 Allied leaders do?
Met in Yalta to consider what to do with Germany and Europe once victory was achieved.
What were the Big 3 still fearful of?
Hitler and his powers
What were they still able to do despite this?
able to reach agreement on key issues.
True/False this was the last meeting of the Big 3?
Why was it?
Roosevelt had died and Churchill lost a general election.
What did Stalin want to do to Germany?
Make them pay huge reparations.
What did Roosevelt and Churchill think of this?
That it was not sensible to punish Germany to harshly.
How many are the things that the big 3 agreed @ Yalta?
What was the first thing they agreed?
The Soviet Union would enter war against Japan once Germany had surrendered
What was the 2nd thing they agreed?
To divide Germany into 4 zones: US, British, France and Soviet.
What was the 3rd thing they agreed?
to divide Berlin the same way
What was the 4th thing they agreed?
To hunt down and try Nazi War criminals in an international court of justice
What was the fifth thing they agreed?
to allow countries that had been liberated from occupation by the German army to have free elections to choose the government they wanted.
What was the sixth thing they agreed?
to join the new UN organisation in order to maintain peace once the war ended.
What was the 7th thing they agreed?
that eastern Europe would be a soviet 'Sphere of Influence'.
What was there a clash about @ Yalta?
Reparations and Poland.
What did they disagree about over reparations?
How much Germany was to pay. Stalin wanted a much higher figure then Roosevelt and Churchill, so the matter was put off until the next conference.
What did they disagree about over Poland?
Stalin wanted the Polish/German boarder to be much further West then the Western allies.
He also wanted a 'friendly' Polish government so that his country would have some protection from Germany.
The Western powers feared that this would be a Soviet-controlled government.
They persuaded Stalin to allow free elections in Poland.
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