Upgrade to remove ads
8th Grade Virginia Reading SOL
Terms in this set (78)
A detail that is reliable and specific.
The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words.
A comparison of two pairs of words that each share the same relationship.
Short comments or explanations about something that appears in the main text; notes that provide extra information that is useful, but not essential to the text, so it is set apart for the reader to explore later.
A songlike poem that tells a story.
The author's leaning or opinion about the subject that he or she is writing about.
Cause & Effect
An organizational device that relates at least two events: one, the cause, which makes the other, the effect, happen.
The main goal that must be reached, or problem that must be overcome.
Any person (or person-like thing) represented in a piece of literature. It can also mean the personality traits of the character.
A type of sequence that puts events in the order in which they happened.
The point of greatest intensity in a narrative. This is the point at which the main character faces the greatest opposition to achieving his or her goal.
Comparison & Contrast
An organizational device that shows how two or more items are alike or different. It puts new ideas in terms of ideas that are already familiar to you.
A statement that must be true based on a given set of information.
A struggle between characters or forces in a story.
Shades of meaning in synonyms.
To analyze the parts of a text in order to make a judgement about it.
The literal meaning of a word.
Specific pieces of information.
Conversations between characters.
Describes a character whose traits change, either for better or worse, during a story.
A conflict between a character and a force outside that character.
A statement of objective truth.
The events that unfold according to how the main character responds to the climax.
Any word or phrase that has a meaning beyond its literal meaning.
A narrative point of view where the story is told by one of the characters.
Returning to a time earlier than the starting point of a story to give background information.
A clue or hint about an event that will unfold later in a story. Foreshadowing sets up expectations in the reader's mind. The author can then fulfill those expectations or reverse them. Reversing expectations creates surprise.
Poetry that does not follow a set meter.
An assumption that all things behave a certain way based on observing a few things behaving that way.
Provide a visual image to enhance the material being presented.
A Japanese form of unrhymed poetry made up of three lines. The first and last lines contain five syllables each, and the middle line contains seven syllables.
The title, subtitle, or topic that stands out at the top of or beginning of the text.
A type of figurative language that uses an exaggeration for emphasis.
The use of words that appeal to the senses of the reader. Imagery includes details perceived from the five senses.
Information not stated directly but provided in clues so you can figure out the information for yourself.
A judgement based on your knowledge as well as the information supplied by an author. When you make inferences, you also use information you have found outside the text.
The first important element of plot structure. This is one event that sets the rest of the story into motion.
Functional text that tells you how to make, do, or complete something.
The main character's inner struggle or moral dilemma.
A suggestion that the actual situation is somewhat different from, or the exact opposite of, the one represented.
A word's "dictionary" meaning. Also called denotation.
Techniques, such as foreshadowing, flashback, symbolism, irony, oxymoron, and pun, that an author may use to enrich a literary work.
What a specific story is about.
A type of figurative language that compares two unlike things without using the words "like" or "as".
When words imitate sound.
How the author feels about something, or beliefs we all hold based on our experiences and values.
A rhyme scheme where each line of poetry has exactly ten syllables that alternate between strong and weak syllabic stress.
A type of figurative language that gives something that isn't human the qualities of a human.
What happens in a story from beginning to end.
Point of view
The perspective of a story's narrator.
Groups of letters or short words added to the beginning of a root word to change its meaning.
An organizational pattern involving a series of steps to accomplish a task.
A story's main character.
Description of a detail that is important to the author's purpose.
Writing a sound, word, or idea again for effect or emphasis.
Where the main conflicts of the story are worked out after the climax and falling action.
Any repetition of identical or similar sounds among words at the ends of lines.
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables within a poem.
The part of the plot structure when the main character's efforts to achieve his or her goal are complicated by some form of conflict.
The base of a word. It only has one part and it cannot be made smaller.
A pair of rhyming words. Also called a rhyme pattern
The length and style of a sentence.
A short, often boxed bit of information that is printed near a longer article and provides additional information about the article.
A type of figurative language that compares two unlike things using the words "like" or "as".
A set of lines that are grouped together in a poem.
Something unchanging, often used to describe characters who traits stay the same throughout a story.
The distinctive way in which authors use words to achieve an effect in the reader.
Groups of letters or short words added to the ends of a root word to change its meaning.
To create a brief statement describing the category of a list or main ideas of a passage.
Using a familiar and real object to represent an abstract idea.
A basic truth that goes beyond the actual story. It is about something more universal than the story itself.
A word reference book that supplies a reader with the synonyms of a given word.
A narrative point of view where the narrator is not involved in the story.The third-person narrator may or may not know all the details of the story.
Third Person Limited
A narrative point of view written as if someone outside the story is observing the characters. Sometimes the third person of view is limited to the thoughts and actions of a single character.
Third Person Omniscient
A narrative point of view written from the point of view of a narrator who knows everything that is going on in the story, including the thoughts of every character, and even things that characters have no way of knowing about.
A writer's attitude toward the subject he or she is writing about. Tone can also include the writer's attitude toward the reader.
An author's particular bias toward the subject that he or she is writing about.
What distinguishes the mood or personality of an author or character.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Interactive Notebook Glossary
Ronald Reagan High School - English 9 - Short Stor…
REVISED Literary Terms 2018-19