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Terms in this set (31)
Which term refers to a system of shared set of beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and material object that members of a society use to cope with their world and one another?
Which term refers to the process by which one learns culture?
Which term refers to any thought or action that is learned and not instinctual or biologically inherited?
Which term refers to what people say they should do, even though it is not necessarily what they actually do?
Which term refers to someone's actual behavior as observed?
What is the difference between emic and etic?
Emic: insider's perspective about a culture
Etic: outsider's perspective about a culture
Which term refers to recognizing yourself and your people as a distinct group from others?
Cultural identities are ______________ because you can be a part of multiple cultural identities
What people engage in in different cultures are examples of cultures, but ____________ is not a form of culture.
Which term refers to a group of people with a set of physical boundaries and members with a shared language & sense of common identity?
Which term refers to culture shared by citizens of the same nation/society? Give an example.
-NASCAR is a national U.S. sport
Which term refers to a common identifiable group extending beyond boundaries of one nation? Give an example.
-Soccer is an international sport
What are cultural patterns within a larger group that are a little bit different than the larger culture as a whole?
Which term refers to the communal rules, values, beliefs, etc. of people that affect an individual's thinking? Give a general example.
-When you go to a new place, you will probably look/act different than everyone else because you don't have cultural knowledge about that place yet
What are the 5 components of cultural knowledge?
4. Classification of Reality
5. World View
Which component of cultural knowledge deals with beliefs about goals or ways of life that are "good" or "desirable"?
Give an example.
-Americans value education
Which component of cultural knowledge deals with shared ideas about how people should act in certain situations? Give an example.
-Opening the door for someone
Which component of cultural knowledge deals with an object, behavior, or sign, that has no necessary or natural connection with the things for which they stand? Give an example.
-The pinky or middle finger symbolizes the "f-word".
Which component of cultural knowledge deals with shared ideas about what kinds of things exist? Give an example.
Classification of Reality
-The fact that an animal is edible doesn't mean that all cultures consider it edible
-Ex: Muslims don't eat pork
Which component of cultural knowledge deals with relating groups, events, beliefs, values, etc. to the rest of the world? Give an example.
-Congress has certain perceptions, norms, values, etc. about the bills that they review. These opinions are what form their world view and effect their decisions on the bills.
Explain the idea of biological determinism.
The idea that all human behavior is instinctive and determined by biological attributes. This is false!
What is the collection of data during an extended period of close involvement with the people whose language/lifeways a person is interested in?
What is ethnographic research?
Anthropologists spend at least 1 year learning the culture/language of an area before conducting research on it.
Which term refers to a process by which we collect data, and also the stories that we produce about ourselves and other people using this process?
What is one of the main ways that anthropologists go about collecting data?
What is participant observation?
Anthropologists not only observe people/culture, but also engage in it. They participate. They do what the people in that population/culture are doing
What is it called when research participants change their behavior to please the researcher?
What is it called when more than one research participant is interviewed?
How are interviews typically conducted?
What is it called when anthropologists feel like they do not belong in a culture?
In which area does the practice of drawing blood from cows occur?
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