Russo Japenese War Feb 8, 1904 - Sep 5, 1905
Terms in this set (11)
Manchuria Represented an economically significant location via resources and trade.
Russian expansionism and rapid Japanese military growth and modernization generated clashes over military, political and commercial interests in East Asia
Political conflict in east Asia over commercial interests and territory.
-in 1897 Russia had embarked on railway building on Chinese territory to open it up to commercial exploitation.
- Conflict for dominance in Korea and Manchuria China.
-The war took a bitter toll on each side, contributing to domestic unrest in both countries.
-In Japan, many felt the peace settlement cheated them of the fruits of victory. Riots lasted for days and the authorities instituted martial law. In Russia, news of defeat seemed to justify the political opposition's criticism of the autocratic regime's incompetency. Discontent at military humiliation and economic disruption, compounded by the domestic absence of the troops, relied upon by the regime to quell domestic protest, heightened social unrest.
-Its global reverberations have led some scholars to term it "World War Zero." It changed the balance of power in East Asia, elevated Japan to potential inclusion in the ranks of the Great Powers and inspired anti-imperialists across Asia.
-The Japanese victory greatly encouraged nationalism in Asia and Africa. It was the first war in which a non-European nation had defeated a great European power using all the resources of modern technology.
Japan had only opened its borders to imperial powers in the mid-1800s; while it had made considerable advances in industrialisation and Western military techniques
-No significant new tech
-on the night of 8-9 February 1904 Japanese destroyers launched a surprise attack on Russian warships at Port Arthur in Manchuria and Chemulpo (Inchon) in Korea. On 10 February 1904, after the initial assaults had taken place, Japan declared war.
-The war demonstrated the general weakness of old-fashioned autocracies, like Russia, which could not mobilise the support of the whole people
-Us involved with peace talks, and pushed the US into a more of a power
In August 1905, peace negotiations began in the United States. The Treaty of Portsmouth signed in September 1905 recognized Japanese rights in Korea and ceded Port Arthur, Dalny and the adjacent territory to Japan, along with control over the South Manchurian Railway. It provided for Russian evacuation from Manchuria. The Japanese government's demands for financial reparations were not granted, however, and the island of Sakhalin, seized by Japan at the end of the war, was divided between the two powers.
Altogether then, the Russo-Japanese War was an ominous opening to the 20th century for the European powers, demonstrating how power was shifting to the United States and to other non-European nations, and how fragile many of the monarchies had become.
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