50 terms

Ethnic Studies Chapter 4

Immigration
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The Chinese Exclusion Act
was passed with little debate by Congress, denied naturalization to Chinese already in the U.S., outlawed Chinese immigration for 10 years.
Fear or hatred of strangers is
xenophobia
Sinophobes are people with
a fear of anything associated with China
What proportion of the nation's population growth in the early part of this 21st century can be accounted for by legal and illegal immigration?
less than 15%
The fear or hatred of strangers or foreigners is known as
xenophobia
The best available information suggests that ________ illegal immigrants live in the United
more than 11 million
The most important force causing people to emigrate has been
economic
The act of conferring citizenship on a person after birth is called
naturalization.
Questions on naturalization test include which of the following
Who is the chief justice of the Supreme Court?, How many amendments are there to the Constitution? , What do the stripes on the flag represent?
The tendency to favor one's own people over new arrivals is called
nativism
Naturalization was denied to some residents already in the U.S. by the
Welfare Reform Act of 1996.
Limiting immigration on the basis of a quota from each country was part of the
National Origin System.
Which of the following most accurately describes transnationals?
Mexicans who live in the United States and frequently call and visit their relatives in Mexico
Despite the poor working conditions often experienced by illegal immigrants in the U.S., they still continue to come because
they are unable to find wage labor in their home countries.
Haitian refugees are returned to their country without asylum hearings because
they have been viewed as economic refugees.
Border deaths along the U.S.-Mexico border number in the ________ each year, equivalent to an annual jumbo jet crash, in the words of one reporter.
hundreds
What is an asylee?
anyone fleeing war or strife, a person who has already entered the country and cannot return home due to persecution or fear of persecution, a prospective immigrant attempting to enter the U.S.
________ immigration accounted for about 50 percent of the nation's growth in the early years of the twenty-first century.
legal and illegal
Foreigners who have already entered the U.S. and now seek protection because of persecution are called
asylees
The brain drain refers most dramatically today to the attraction of skilled professionals to the United States from
developing countries of Africa and Asia.
A primary goal of the 1965 Immigration and Naturalization Act was to
reunite immigrant families.
Which of the following states has the highest percentage of foreign-born residents?
California
The quotas under the national origins system were based on
the number of people descended from each nationality recorded in the 1920 census.
Which term refers to the immigration to the United States of skilled workers, professionals, and technicians who are desperately needed by their home countries?
Brain drain
Immigration
can revitalize a local economy, may create unwanted competition for jobs, may be a drain on community resources.
Most legal immigrants come to the U.S. to
join their families
The Gentleman's Agreement of 1908 effectively halted
Japanese immigration
In the 1920s, the United States instituted a national origins system of immigration that was designed to
block immigration from Italy
Based on the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act
illegal immigration is officially tolerated since the U.S. needs the labor.
The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
prohibited hiring illegal aliens.
Which state is expected to experience the greatest growth because of immigration?
California
As a result of the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act
border control and surveillance were increased.
Immigrants
have lower divorce rates than natives.
About ________ of the U.S. population today is foreign-born.
12%
The perspective most likely to see the brain drain as a symptom of the unequal distribution of world resources is
conflict
The current debate about immigration
concerns brain drain
The monies that immigrants return to their country of origin are called
remittances.
________ refers to the practice of immigrants sponsoring other immigrants who, in turn, sponsor more.
Chain immigration
There is a long tradition in the U.S. of facilitating the arrival of people fleeing
Communism
According to the United Nations treaty on refugees, counties are
obliged not to forcibly return people to territories where their lives might be endangered
Which of the following statements about early immigration in the U.S. is true?
Roman Catholics were viewed with suspicion, Native born residents thought that too many Italians were immigrating, Labor unions excluded Chinese workers.
Children in recent immigrant families, as compared to U.S.-born children, are
healthier
The term nativism refers to
tending to favor one's own people over new arrivals.
Why don't Haitian boat people have the same policies applied toward their asylum as Cubans?
They're viewed as economic refugees
The majority of foreign students receiving their doctorates in the sciences and engineering in the U.S.
are still in the U.S. four years later
The use of two or more languages in places of work or education and the treatment of each language as legitimate is
bilingualism
The anti-Catholic feeling in the 19th century U.S.
made the Irish particularly unwelcome as immigrants, was brought with the early immigrants from Europe, involved organized hostility.
From a(an) ________ perspective, by paying low wages to illegal immigrants, employers are able to produce goods and services that are profitable and affordable.
functionalist
The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
outlawed hiring of illegal aliens.
Which of the following explanations for illegal immigration uses the conflict perspective?
Immigrant status is a symptom of social and economic hierarchies.
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