Drama Terms - Movement and non-verbal communication

The aspects of a performer's body used to construct character or role, make meaning, convey emotional qualities as well as communicate relationships
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Energy
Energy: the pattern of effort and commitment used in the creation of movement and non-verbal communication. Energy may be consistent and predictable, inconsistent and unpredictable or otherwise.
Facial Expressions
Facial expressions: the shape and adjustment of face including eyes and eyebrows, mouth, jaw and head position.
Dynamic Physical vocabulary
Dynamic physical vocabulary #: the successful combining of non-verbal communication elements and techniques to produce integrated effects for the audience.
Gesture
Gesture: involves movement of parts of the body that communicate meaning. Gesture often involves arm and hand movements such as indicating, waving or beckoning but can include shrugging of the shoulders, winking eyes etc.
Posture and body alignment
Posture and body alignment: the position of the body and sense of shape of the spine when standing or sitting to create role and character. Posture and body alignment affect the ability to move freely and use voice affectively.
Proxemics
Proxemics: the manipulation of the physical and emotional spaces between actors and between stage and audience adds meaning to the dramatic action. For example, heightening the tension between characters, showing relationships and adding to the design of the blocking in terms of placing actors in relation to one another to focus audience attention, so that the audience can see and hear them.
Space
Space: the use of the region immediately around the performer's body in all directions (kinesphere) and through the performance area (dynamosphere).
Time
Time: the variation and adjustment of the tempo and rhythm of movement.
Weight
Weight: the adjustment of movement to create a sense of force or (as in mime) the heaviness of an object either seen or unseen by the audience.
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