Drama Terms (Alphabetical) E to O Words
Terms in this set (26)
Refers to the assets of a society (including human capital) that can be bought, sold or used to generate wealth.
An elevation is a drawing or design from the point of view of the audience.
Refers to the intangible area between characters. The intangible emotional space of live theatre is created by the performers through the dramatic action and the scenography of a production in a dynamic relationship with the audience.
Bringing the audience's attention to something by making it bigger, stronger, louder, brighter or clearer. Emphasis can be part of writing, direction, acting or design.
Ensemble drama production
One where all the participants have collaborated as a team to create and produce drama. It is different to a production where the actors and production team work in a traditional structure under the direction of a director. An ensemble production would typically involve equal attention and time for all the actors rather than only some as the 'stars' or leads.
The 'imagined world' created by the story of the drama such as a battle field or a house which may only be indicated through some sets and props, lighting, sound or nothing tangible at all. It can be scribed through dialogue and/or suggested by the use of selected (metonymic) stage elements or props, lighting or sound.
A scene or section of a drama that refers to a previous time. It is used in a non-linear narrative where the dramatic action moves to a previous point in time often to explain an important detail in the narrative.
A scene or section of a drama that refers to a future time. It is used in a non-linear narrative where the dramatic action moves to a future point in time and place often to explain an important detail in the narrative.
Floor plan or plan view
A diagram that shows the design from above or a 'bird's eye view' is the plan view or floor plan.
The imaginary or real point in the performance space where the audience's attention is to be directed. Focus also refers to the acting technique of concentrating gaze and body in a particular manner to direct audience attention. Lighting and scenography can direct audience attention through the manipulation of the visual elements and principles of design.
The process of adjusting the size, shape, angle and sharpness of a lighting beam onto a performance space.
Before a performance, the actors meet together to focus on the performance ahead and take on their characters and enter into the world of the drama.
Is a broadly inclusive term: it includes the genres (different types of drama) such as live theatre, radio, television and film drama, opera, puppetry and mime. Drama forms also refers to the structure of drama where aesthetic principles and practical choices shape the drama resulting in a focus on tragedy, comedy, tragic-comedy, farce, melodrama, or history.
A space that is used for a drama event but was not built for that purpose has come to be called a found space. Typically a found space might be a culturally significant space such as an old building, a factory or a space whose features add meaning and significance to the performance such as a beach. The development of sound and lighting technologies has expanded the range of spaces suitable for a drama performance.
Front of house
The area of a theatre where the commercial and logistical management of audience members occurs. This includes publicity, ticket sales, beverages and coordinates with the stage manager in relation to Occupational Safety and Health. The front of house manager also coordinates the movement of the audience into and out of the venue.
Gesture involves movement of parts of the body that communicate meaning. Gesture often involves arm and hand movements such as indicating, waving or beckoning but can include shrugging of the shoulders, winking eyes etc.
Jerzy Grotowski (1933:1999) furthered the work of Stanislavski focusing on the actor, actions and psychophysical actions. He had a significant effect on drama and developed 'poor theatre' that uses minimal scenography to focus attention on the action for the audience. This may include the use of simple stage elements in creative ways.
Half hour call #
A tradition or protocol in Western theatre is that thirty minutes prior to a performance, actors are told by the stage manager: 'This is your half hour call. 'This is your fifteen minute call' and 'beginners on stage' follow.
Refers to the time in which a drama was created. Historical style together with performance style creates the distinctive identifying elements of a drama.
Rudolf Laban (1879:1953) developed a language for describing movement. He defined movement by 'eight effort actions' and the way that each relates to flow (energy), space, time (rhythm/pace) and weight. Laban also explained the use of movement in the kinesphere (around the performer) and through the space (dynamosophere) to make meaning.
Levels refer to the horizontal spaces of the performance above the floor or stage. This term may also refer to the way the body is placed or moved into position on different heights within the performance space.
Actors learn their dialogue, movement and blocking 'by heart' so that they can replicate it every time they perform.
Meyerhold (1874:1940) began his theatre work along with Stanislavski in the Moscow Art Theatre. He created oversized, highly theatrical and symbolic scenography. He is also famous for the training system he developed, Biomechanics, focusing on the actor's movements and awareness of self.
Before or after a rehearsal or performance, the director and the stage manager provide feedback to the actors about their individual performance, their characterisation and their interaction with the production elements such as sound and lighting. Notes are also given to the backstage crew.
Notions of identity related to politics, nationalism, gender or class #
This refers to the ways that people come to an understanding of who they are and their role in society based on their context. For example, their background, gender, class/status, age or interests.
Off stage space
The space that is not part of the performance but may be inferred from the drama through dialogue or non-verbal communication. For example, characters talking about what is happening in another room of the house that is presented on stage in a realistic drama.