Approximately three-fourths of the world's industrial production is concentrated in four regions. Which of the following is not one of these four regions?

Eastern South America

The Industrial Revolution began in

.Great Britain.

The Industrial Revolution began in

the late 1700s.

Prior to the Industrial Revolution, industry was


The cottage industry system involved manufacturing

in the home.

The main source of power for steam engines and blast ovens is produced from


The most important transportation improvement in the eighteenth century was the


The first industries to increase production through extensive use of the steam engine were

textile and iron.

The major contribution made by the chemical industry to the textile industry was

bleaching,dyeing. (both A and B)

The United Kingdom expanded industrial production in the late twentieth century

with high-tech industries to serve the European market.

Western Europe's principal industrial areas include all but which of the following?

Portugal and western Spain

Proximity to European consumers is the most significant industrial asset of which region?


The growth of manufacturing was retarded in the United States during the nineteenth century primarily because of

distance from markets.

Eastern North America was the continent's manufacturing center in part because it had access to the continent's

largest markets.

Today, New England's most significant industrial asset is its

skilled but extensive labor force.

Today, the most significant industrial asset of the Western Great Lakes region is its

large market area.

Proximity to Russian consumers is the most significant industrial asset of which region?


In Russia, the Soviet government promoted new manufacturing regions

in the Urals and Kuznetsk.

In order to become a major industrial power, Japan had to overcome which of the following problems?

distance from consumers

A copper concentration mill tends to locate near a copper mine because it is a

specialized manufacturer.

Fabricating plants are examples of bulk-gaining industries because

separate parts are combined to make more complex and massive products.

Situation costs are critical to a firm which wishes to

minimize transport costs.

The U.S. steel industry moved westward in the nineteenth century primarily because of better access to

iron ore.

Among th surviving steel plants in the United States, production concentrated in the southern Lake Michigan area has increased its share of national production, primarily because of access to


Minimills are more likely than integrated steel mills to select locations because of access to


Central Europe offers an attractive combination of important site and situation factors

proximity to markets,more expensive but much more skilled labor than Asia and Latin America,less skilled but cheaper labor than Western Europe. (all of the above)

Producers of automobiles select locations primarily because of access to


Since 1980, new U.S. automobile assembly plants have been built in the

Midwest, to minimize national distribution costs.

The lowest-cost form of transporting goods very long distances is by


A company which uses more than one mode of transport will often locate near

break-of-bulk points.

Significant site factors include all but which of the following?


Beer bottling is an example of a

bulk-gaining industry.

Compared to other industries, aluminum manufacturers are more likely to locate near sources of

low-cost energy.

Which of these industries is most dependent on low-cost labor?


The U.S. Gulf Coast has become an important industrial area because of

access to oil and natural gas.

Mexico's maquiladora plants have an advantage of closeness to U.S. markets

but are a bit too far from most U.S. manufacturing facilities for just-in-time delivery.

Which production is most likely to be located in less developed countries?

yarn ,textile , shirts, cotton thread. (all are equally likely)

Industrial areas outside North America and Europe have become increasingly important in recent years primarily because of

site factors.

Both Europe and the United States have seen interregional shifts of manufacturing, but one difference is

in Europe, government policies have encouraged relocation.

Steel production has declined during the 1980s and 1990s most rapidly in

the United States.

What Western European country has experienced the most rapid manufacturing growth since the late twentieth century?


The Italian Po river basin

contains half of the country's population, but two-thirds of its industry. ,has a key asset in cheaper labor compared to Europe's other industrial regions.,has inexpensive hydroelectricity. ,industries include raw-material processing and mechanical-parts assembly. . (all of the above)

What two location factors influence industries to remain in the northeastern United States and northwestern Europe?

skilled labor and rapid delivery to market

Spreading parts production and fabrication among many countries and communities

increases large corporations bargaining power with local governments and labor.

The biggest industrial challenge for former communist countries is

unmet consumer demand.

Why are Asian companies are more successful in the United States than U.S. companies are in Asia?

Asian business executives know more about U.S. culture than U.S. executives know about Asian.

Canada's most important industrial area is

the St. Lawrence Valley and Ontario Peninsula.

In contrast to fordist production, Post-Fordist production is more likely to

introduce more flexible work rules.

What mining region has the most varied mineral deposits of the world, with over 1,000 minerals?

the Ural mountains

The new international division of labor reflects the growing importance of


Industry is uniformly distributed across Earth.


Prior to the Industrial Revolution, cottage industries were most common.


The major source of energy for steam engines during the Industrial Revolution was wood.


The dominant industrial power in the nineteenth century was Great Britain.


In the early days of the Industrial Revolution, engineering innovations had their greatest impact on the transportation industry.


During the Industrial Revolution the geographic distribution of industry changed from a large collection of home-based enterprises to large integrated firms clustered in a few locations.


About three-fourths of world industrial production is clustered in four regions.


The most important industrial area in Western Europe, the Rhine-Ruhr valley, has large deposits of coal.


The optimal location for a factory manufacturing a bulk-gaining product is likely to be one that minimizes the cost of transporting the product to the market.


U.S. steel mills have always been located to minimize the transport of inputs to the factories.


China has the largest labor force employed in manufacturing.


Communications-oriented industries, like newspapers, tend to locate near their markets.


The site factor most effecting relocation of industry in the twenty-first century is labor.


Factories in more developed countries are now more likely to be suburban or rural than in urban centers.


The United States lost 20 percent of its manufacturing jobs during the first 4 years of the twenty-first century.


What are break-of-bulk points?

A location where transfer among transportation modes is possible.

Why do soft-drink bottlers locate their plants near consumers?

Because it's a bulk-gaining industry and that means it can be expensive to transport.

Why is it cheaper for firms to sell in the United States clothing products made in Asia and shipped to the United States rather than produced directly in the United States?

Because of the cheap labor in Asia.

What are the three main site factors that influence the location of a factory?

Land, Labor, Capitol

What are the two main situation factors that influence the location of a factory?

Location near inputs and location near markets.

A bulk-reducing (or weight-reducing) industry is likely to locate near what factor?

Near the inputs.

Situation factors are chosen to minimize the cost of what factor?

transportation cost.

Match the type of factory to the location within the United States:
designers clothing-
computing equipment-
automobile assembly-
steel mill-

designers clothing- Northeast
computing equipment- California and Texas
automobile assembly- interior corridor from Michigan to Alabama
steel mill- East Coast and South Lake Michigan

Identify the three types of work rules that distinguish post-Fordist lean production methods.

Teams, problem solving, and leveling

Identify the three types of work rules that distinguish post-Fordist lean production methods.

North America, North West Europe, Eastern Europe, and East Asia.

Discuss the impact of new inventions on the distribution of industry.


How is outsourcing changing the distribution of manufacturing?


How are just-in-time delivery methods more subject to disruptions?


Outline the major site and situation factors which affect industrial development


How are the Chinese becoming one of the most important industrial countries?

Large Unskilled labor force, proximity to markets, population, cheap labor force, trade, large economy, low labor laws, Outsourcing, a lot of U.S. businesses.

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