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Terms in this set (79)
(identification)refers to biological characteristics which define humans as female or male. These characteristics include chromosomes, hormones, internal and external genitalia.
refers to the array of socially constructed roles and relationships, personality traits, attitudes, behaviors, values, relative power influence that are ascribed to the two sexes on a differential bias.
a thing is inherently what it is, it came that way from nature, it is unchanging and unchangeable
a social constrict is the opposite of something that is essential, innate, inborn, natural
is how one learns about and ends up complying with social constrictions of gender, race and class
biologically engineered features: skin color, skin tone, eye and hair color, and tendency toward developing certain diseases, cannot be changed
is changeable, about tradition, learned behavior and customs. Is about where in the world an individual is socialized, what language one speaks, what food, clothing etc.
refers to one romantic/sexual attraction to an individual of a certain sex or gender.
refers to how an individual expresses sexual desire and erotic pleasure, biological, psychological and social aspects of human desire
also known as social class, an individual or family's economic and social position related to others in a society
what is common or frequent
refers to a morally endorsed idea
predominant influence , as of a state, region, or group over another or others. Modern- group in a society has power over others within a society
standing out conspicuously or of notable significance. Jumping or projecting upward or out of its surroundings
something different or abnormal, something unexpected
not in proportion to the population at large
social relationships among people who are the same, specifically the same sex, gender, race or ethnicity
a defense mechanism where socially unacceptable impulses are unconsciously transformed into socially acceptable behaviors or actions
any splitting of a whole into exactly two non-overlapping parts
• cannot be in both either one or another group
how gender is done in the world of sports, the rules, patterns distributions of power that characterize how men and women experience sport
to do, exploit or make chiefly for financial gain. To use something as an opportunity to earn money
the practice of making only a symbolic effort to do something particular, especially by recruiting a small number of people from underrepresented groups in order to give the appearance of sexual or racial equality within a workforce
the act of helping to commit a crime or some other wrongdoing, can ignore a wrong doing and be a contributor as well
having power overs yourself and your actions. Acting as an independent being, in control of your own self
to take something for one's own use, typically without the owner's permission
interested in the equality of everyone in the eyes of the law, interested in working on the level of the individual, use education to change individual minds and to change the system from within
interested in abolishing male superiority and the systems that perpetuate it. Interested in working on the institutional level. Use collective action to completely rethink how institutions and societies work. You can't change the system from within, start over again
a departure from what is normal, usual or expected typically one that is unwelcome
a person who dislikes, despises or is strongly prejudiced against women
dislike of or prejudice against homosexual people
relating to the description of peoples and cultures with their customs, habits and mutual differences
treating something useful with value
ask questions closely or aggressively
mutually constitutive, idea that qualities intersect, made up of the same things, came to being around the same time together
something done with consent while having the power to establish or create something
regard to treat a abstract idea or concept (something) concrete or real
pattern of social institutions that give negative treatment to a group based on their race
In what year did title 9 become a law?
Institutions that do and do not apply to Title 9?
Do- public schools, any funded school, universities and some private schools
Don't- private funded schools
Penalty for not following Title 9? How many have received the penalty?
schools can loose federal funding, none there are 80-90% of schools not in compliance
Three Parts of Title 9 Primer
participation, scholarships and treatment benefits
Mirror programs vs. total program comparison in Title 9
Mirror programs- same team sports for men and women
Program comparison- equal opportunity for men and women amongst different teams
Case in Title 9 when schools are required to spend dollars on men and women proportional to participation rates?
all sports teams should receive same or similar amount of money given to spend'
Participation requirements of Title 9
How can there be more women's sports than men's sports according to Title 9?
men may have more positions on sports teams such as football, so there can be more women's sports
Three levels of analysis Messner uses to examine gendered moment of monsters and barbie girls?
social interaction, structural context and cultural symbols
Messner's viewed two limitation's of the Butler Theory what are they?
regulation of gendered characteristics and no room for choice or resistance against genders
Fundamental structured components of soccer 1. parental division of labor 2. sex segregation of teams, what they are and their importance?
parents allowed structured sex segregation in jobs or positions to determine their roles on a soccer team
males- coaches, assistants, referees, directors
females- managers or team moms
Why gendered moment occurred against the Barbie Girls soccer team?
Why do marginalized people end up pushing the center's boundaries and trying to make change?
they feel uncomfortable with the situations and actions that occur, they refuse to take part in the team's actions and often take charge in doing the right thing
How many NCAA athletes currently?
Types of divisions in NCAA, which offer scholarships, what is UW?
Division 1- scholarship
Division 2- scholarship
Division 3 -academic scholarship
name three men's NCAA sports
football, basketball and soccer
name three women's NCAA sport
soccer, gymnastics and basketball
Name UW men's varsity sport not a NCAA sport
According to the NCAA, student athletes are _________ first
student's first and athletes second
Origin of the term "student-athlete" Walter Byers and Kent Waldrep?
coined in 1964 by walter byers, first director of NCAA, prevents worker compensation
significance of 1981 NCAA vs. Board of Regents at University of Oklahoma decision
NCAA violated sherman act meanwhile airing televised football games including UO
Who is Ed O'Bannon? Why did he start a law suit against the NCAA? Favored or against?
paying athletes is a violation of concept of amateurism in sports favored NCAA
Why do some olympians refuse to receive endorsements?
if endorsements are received then they are not amateurs' and cannot compete at the collegiate level
Colonialism in sports and not slavery why?
students are recruited to play athletics and schools make money off the work and success of their athletes
Legislative Board of NCAA ruled that D1 SA are given food and snacks, for all or some athletes?
Five most prominent conferences in coulee sports voted 79-1 for what?
to increase value and amount of athletic scholarships offered
Lessons of Masculinity that football players learn from the TYFA coaches?
be a man, don't be weak, destroy opponent
Role of women and girls in Friday night tikes?
women as managers, team moms girls as cheerleaders and spectators
Three arms of male triad of violence?
women, other men and their bodies
three glues that hold the male trait of violence?
misogynist and homophobic talk and actions, suppression of empathy
structure of the athletic male peer group and their roles in the group?
leaders- high status boys at the center of the group perpretrate actions
marginals- lower status group members who support leaders with silent complicity
audience- wannabe boys, support, applaud and contribute to leaders actions
white privilege and the invisible knapsack, what is it and why is it invisible?
knapsack is invisible because it is not acknowledged, those who have it don't realize it
Realization can destroy the myth of meritocracy, what does this mean?
defined as a society that rewards those who show talent and competence as demonstrated by past actions or competitive perfor
Conferred dominance in disguise, what does McIntosh mean?
power that is granted from generation to generation without being earned, about a legacy of power either born with or without it
Problem with colorblind ideology according to Ferber?
idea that there is no racism currently however this is
Crisis of masculinity according to Weber?
masculinity overpowers femininity
Four Ferber themes that socially construct black masculinity?
1. emphasis on black bodies and racial differences
2. taming and controlling black bodies
3. inequality in black culture
4. white supremacy and male superiority
Problem with assuming that Black men are more athletic? White athletes are ?
assumption leads to thinking that they are only successful in sports and not in other aspects of life
Why does collins write that black american boys will never achieve wealth and fame in sports, weakens their ability to pursue other things why?
white supremacy find that black males are only successful in athletics and sport and do not see them successfully fit elsewhere
What is inclusive masculinity theory?
Why didn't Anderson include women in his study with gay athletes?
differences between coming out of athletes in 2000-02 from 2008-10 studies?
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