5th Grade Social Studies Vocabulary

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Exploration
to travel for the purpose of discovery
Colonization
One country taking over another area to be used for their benefit
Migration
A change in residence intended to be permanent.
Slavery
A human being owning another human being for the purpose of labor.
Mission
Headquarters from which people from another country seek to spread their religion.
Economic
Examines the production and distribution of material goods and services of a society
Political
A group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy
Geographic
of or pertaining to the natural features, population, industries, etc., of a region or regions
Religious Freedom
Freedom from being persecuted based off of one's religious ideals. Why many settled in 13 Colonies.
Persecution
the abuse of a person or group because of their beliefs or appearance
Industry
A collection of businesses with a common line of products or services
Free Enterprise
Economic system in which individuals and businesses are allowed to compete for profit with a minimum of government interference
Resources
Chemicals and materials in nature that can be used for the benefit of humans
Representative government
A system of government in which power is held by the people and is exercised by elected officials
Monarchy
A form of government in which political power is held by a single ruler such as a king or queen.
Taxes
Fees for the support of government required to be paid by people and businesses.
Parliment
the lawmaking branch of the British government
Stamp Act
1765, A tax that the British Pariliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies
Debt
A good or service owed to another
Import
To transport goods into a country
Export
To transport goods to another country
Revolution
the overthrow of a government by those who are governed
Duty
A moral or legal obligation; a responsibility
Boycott
An attempt to convince the public not to purchase goods from this company until it settles an agreement with the union.
Loyalist
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
Patriot
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won.
Militia
A group of civilians trained to fight in emergencies
liberty
An ideal of freedom from oppression, tyranny, and government, allowing individuals to pursue happiness through positive action.
Grievance
A complaint of injustice
Declaration of Independance
1776 statement, issued by the Second Continental Congress, explaining why the colonies wanted independence from Britain.
Tyranny
Cruel and oppressive government or rule
Legislative Branch
Branch of government that makes the nation's laws.
Executive Branch
Branch of government that enforces the laws
judicial Branch
Branch were laws are interpreted (Courts)
democracy
A government controlled by its citizens, either directly or through representatives.
Federal
A form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
Unconstitutional
A law that is not agreeable with the constitution and is no longer valid
Federalist
A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during ratification debates in state legislatures.
Republic
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
Preamble
A preliminary introduction to the constitution.(usually explaining its purpose) "We the people ...."
Tranquility
a state of peace and quiet
Commerce
the buying and selling of goods
Domestic
Having to do with the household or family; not foreign
Amendment
A change to the Constitution
Senator
A senator is a person who works in the government. In the United States, senators are elected by voters to represent them in a state or federal senate. Each state in the US elects two senators who serve six-year terms in Washington, DC, where they pass laws and vote on policies
Justice
Equal treatment under the law
Represenative
The U.S. has a _________________ democracy. This means a democracy in which the citizens elect others to govern.
Bill of Rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
Nationalism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Expansionism
the doctrine of expanding the territory or the economic influence of a country
Expedition
A trip taken with the goal of exploring
Territory
Area of land controlled by a nation.
Impressments
The practice of forcing people into service. British ships would stop American vessels and impress American sailors. This led to Americans becoming extremely angry and eager for war with Britain.
Patriotism
Love for one's country
Blockade
An act of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving
International
group that includes two or more states seeking political and/or economic cooperation with each other.
Allegiance
(n.) the loyalty or obligation owed to a government, nation, or cause
Acquisition
N. Something that is acquired.
Emanicpation
the act of freeing slaves from bondage
Reconstruction
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
Sectionalism
Different parts of the country developing unique and separate cultures (as the North, South and West). This can lead to conflict.
Secession
formal separation from an alliance or federation
Abolition
A person who wanted to end slavery in the United States
Innovation
An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something.
Reform
A movement for religious reform
States's rights
In the United States the individual states had separated right and laws that the Federal Government didn't.
Memorial
A physical object that is designed for the purpose of remembering
Ratificaiton
official approval by a legal body
Submarine
a submersible warship usually armed with torpedoes
Economic Depression
Period when business activity slows, prices and wages drop, and unemployment rises