6th Grade Math Vocabulary
Terms in this set (150)
Putting numbers together for a bigger number.
One of two or more numbers that are added to find a sum.
The result of addition.
The result of subtrction.
A group of three numbers related by addition and subtraction or by multiplication and division.
Operations that"undo" one another.
A number from which another number is subtracted.
A number that is subtracted.
One of two or more numbers that are multiplied.
The result of multiplication.
The result of division.
A number that is divided.
A number by which another number is divided.
An amount left after division.
A number that names part of a whole.
The bottom term of a fraction.
The top term of a fraction.
A part of a line with two distinct endpoints.
A point at which a segment ends.
A part of a line that begins at a point and continues without end in one direction.
A straight collection of points extending in opposite directions without end.
An international system of measurement based on multiples of ten. Also called International System.
U.S. Customary System
A system of measurement used almost ecclusively in the United States.
The distance around a closed, flat shape.
A line for representing and graphing numbers. Each point on the line corresponds to a number.
Then numbers used to count; the members of the set (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ...). Also called natural numbers,
The members of the set (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, ...).
Numbers less than zero.
To compare two numbers.
A sign in a problem that says that the numbers are equal to the number or variable that come after the equal sign.
Greater Than/Less Than
Two signs that would show that a number was larger or smaller than another number.
A list of numbers arranged according to a certain rule.
Numbers that can be divided without a remainder; the members of the set(.., -4, -2, 0, 2, 4, ...).
Numbers that have a remainder of one when divided by two; members of the set (..., -3, -1, 1, 3, ...).
A scale used used on some thermometers to measure temperature.F
A scale used used on some thermometers to measure temperature.C
A ratio that shows the relatioship between a scale drawing or model and the actual object.
A diagram, such as a bar graph, a circle graph (pie chart), or a line graph, that displays quantative information.
A method of displaying a range of data. A histogram is a special type of graph that displays dat in intervals of equal size with no space between bars.
A way of pairing selected data with the number of times the selected data appears.
A method of collecting data about a particular population.
Closed option Survey
A survey in which the options are limited.
Open Option Survey
A survey in which the options are not limited.
The value of a digit based on its position within a number.
Operations of Arithmetic
The four basic mathmatical operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division.
Numbers greater than zero.
Two numbers whose sum is zero.
The set of counting numbers, their opposites, and zero; the members of the set (..., -2, -1. 0, 1, 2, ...).
To round means to round a number up to the highest number possible.
To detrmine an approximate value.
A whole number and a fraction together.
The number found when the sum of two or more numbers is divided by the number of addends in the sum. Also called mean.
A graph that shows the data for one thing over a period of time.
A counting number greater that 1 whose only two factors are one and it self.
One of two or more numbers that are multiplied.
Able to be divided by a whole number without a remainder.
A product of a counting number and another number.
The largest whole number that is a factor of two or more given numbers.
To rewrite a fraction in lowest terms.
A fraction with a numerator equal to or greater than the denominator.
A comparison of two numbers by division.
The perimeter of a circle.
The distance across a circle through its center.
The distance from the center of a circle to a point on the circle.
A flat surface that has no boundaries.
Lines in the same plane that do not intersect.
Two lines that intersect at right angles.
To share a point or points.
A line that is neither horizontal nor vertical.
An angle that forms a square corner and measures 90 degrees. It is often marked with a small square.
A triangle whose largest angle measures more than 0 degrees but is less than 90 degrees.
An angle whose measure is more than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees.
A point of an angle, polygon, or polyhedron where two or more lines, rays, or segments meet.
The smallest whole number that is a multiple of two or more given numbers.
Two numbers whose product is one.
A unit for measuring angles.
The number of square units needed to cover a surface.
A way of writing a number as the sum of the roducts if the digits and the place values of the digits.
A fraction whose denominator of 100 is expressed as a percent sign.
Places to the right of a decimal point.
The tens place in a decimal number.
The upper number in an exponential expression; it shows how many times the base is used as a factor the number of times shown by the exponent.
A designated side or face of a geometric figure.
One of two equal factors of a number.
The product when a whole number is multiplied by itself.
The tax charged on the sale of an item based upon the items purchase price.
Different fractions that name the same amount.
The number of diameters equal to the circumference of a circle.
The middle number (or the average of the two ventral numbers) of a list of data when the numbers are arranged in order from the least to the greatest.
The number or numbers that appear the most often in a list of data.
Having two models.
The difference between the largest number and smallest number in a list.
A method of displaying data, often used to show information about percentages or parts of a whole. A circle graph is made of a circle divided into sectors.
A method of plotting a set of numbers by placing a mark above anumber on a number line each time it occurs in the set.
A method of displaying data that involves using pictures to represent the data being counted.
A method of graphing a collection of numbers by placing the "stem" digits (or initial digits) in one column and the "leaf" digits (or remaining digits) out to the right.
A way of describing the likelihood of an event; the ratio of favorable outcomes to all possible outcomes.
A way of expressing the likelihood of an event; the probability of an event expressed as a percentage.
A closed, flat shape with straight sides.
Any four-sided polygon.
A polygon in which all sides have equal lengths and all angles have equal measures.
Having the same size and shape.
A line segment that is part of a polygon.
A prism that is shaped like a triangle at the ends.
A line segment formed where two faces of a polyhedron intersect.
A flat surface of a geometric solid.
A geometric figure whose faces are polygons.
The total area of the surface of a geometric solid.
The amount of space a solid shape occupies. Volume is measured in cubic units.
A quadrilateral that has two pairs of parallel sides.
A counting number greater than one that is divisible by a number pther than itself and one. Every composite number has three or more fctors.
The expression of a composite number as a product of its prime factors.
Two angles whose sums are 90 degrees.
Two angles whose sum is 180 degrees.
A grid on which any point can be identified by an ordered pair of numbers
The location of the number zero on a number line.
The horizontal number line of a coordinate plane.
The vertical number line of a coordinate plane.
The value of an exponential expression.
The amount of liquid a container can hold.
A statement that shows two ratios are equal.
The product of the numerator of one fraction and the denominator of another.
Numbers that cannot be expressed as a ratio of two integers. Their decimal expansions are nonending and nonrepeating.
The probability of an event occurring as determined by experimentation.
The probability that an event will occur, as determined by analysis rather than by experimentation.
A triangle in which all sides are the same length.
A triangle with at least two sides of equal length.
A triangle with three sides of different lengths.
A triangle whose largest angle measures 90 degrees.
A rule for using one number (an input) to calculate another number (an output). Each input produces only one output.
A line that intersects one or more other lines in a plane.
A special pair of angles formed when a transversal intersects two lines. Corresponding angles lie on the same side of the transversal and are in the same position relative to the two intersected lines.
In a polygon, the supplementary angle of an interior angle.
An angle that opens to the inside of a polygon.
The combining of positive and negative numbers to form a sum.
The amount of matter in an object.
The measure of how heavy an object is.
Turning a figure about a specified point called the center of rotation.
Sliding a figure from one position to another without turning or flipping a figure.
Flipping a figure to produce a mirror image.
The changing of a figure's position through rotation, reflection, or translation.
Sides or angles that occupy the same relative positions in similar polygons.
Having the same shape but not necessarily the same size. Corresponding angles of similar figurea are congruent. Corresponding sides of similar figures are proportional.
Line of Symmetry
A line that divides a figure into two halves that are mirror images of eachother.
A ratio equal to one that is composed of two equivalent measures.
An amount added to a loan, account, or fund, usually based on a percentage of the principal.
The amount of money borrowed in a loan deposited in an account that earns interest, or invested in a fund.
Interest that pays on previously earned interest.
Interest calculated as a percentage of the principle only.
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