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Terms in this set (21)
Disorder that involves long term, repeated, uncontrolled, compulsive, and excessive use of alcoholic beverages and that impairs the drinker's health and social relationships.
Psychoactive drugs that modify a person's perceptual experiences and produce visual images that are not real.
An altered state of consciousness or psychological state of altered attention and expectation in which that individual is unusually receptive to suggestions.
The attainment of a peaceful state of mind in which thoughts are not occupied by worry; the meditator is mindfully present in his or her thoughts and feelings but is not consumed by them.
A theory of learning the focuses solely on observable behaviors, discounting the importance of such mental activity as thinking, wishing, and hoping.
Learning that occurs when an organism makes a connection, or an association, between two events.
Learning that occurs through observing and imitating another's behavior.
Learning process in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with an innately meaningful stimulus and acquires the capacity to elict a similar response.
Unconditioned Response (UR)
An unlearned reaction that is automatically elicted by the unconditioned stimulus.
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
A previously neutral stimulus that eventually elicits a conditioned response after being paired with the unconditioned stiumulus.
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
A stimulus thatproduces a response without prior learning.
Conditioned Response (CR)
The learned response to a conditioned stimulus that occurs after conditioned stimulus-unconditioned stimulus pairing.
The process by which a stimulus or an event following a particular behavior increases the probability that the behavior will happen again.
Latent Learning (implicit learning)
Unreinforced learning that is not immediately reflected in behavior.
Concentrating on more than one activity at the same time.
The ability to maintain attention to a selected stimulus for a prolonged period of time.
The first step in memory; the process by which information gets into memory storage.
Memory system that involves holding information from the world in its original sensory form for only an instant, not much longer than the brief time it is exposed to the visual, auditory, and other senses.
The retention of information about the where, when, and what of life's happenings.
A person's knowledge about the world.
IMPLICIT MEMORY*** (nondeclarative memory)
Memory in which behavior is affeected by priorexperience without a conscious recollection of that experience
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