Terms in this set (25)
The Supreme Court has struck down many religious practices in schools over the past decade but ??
Religious training in public schools after hours
The significance of the outcome of Webster vs reproductive Health services (1989) is that
It was the first time that the court upheld significant government restrictions on abortion
The courts ruling in Miranda vs arizonia based on the fifth amendment led to creation of the Miranda warning, which protects citizens from ??
Which concept formulated by Oliver Wendell Holmes in 1919 acts as the first step in analyzing any form of communication as free speech
Clear and present danger
Which type of communication inflicts injury and disturbance of the peace and therefore is not protected by the first amendment ?
Civil rights soemtimes called "______________", declare what the government must do or provide
In Lawrence and garner vs Texas (2003), the Supreme Court reviewed a law that criminalizes homosexual practices and took the unusual step of ??
Declaring a past decision was wrong and should be overruled
The concept of _______ refers to instances when the government attempts to censor something before its publication ??
The civil rights act of 1964 established the right to nondiscrimination in _____ and the right to equality in ____
Public accommodation; employment
The judicial rule that states that evidence obtained in an illegal search and seizure cannot be used in trial is called ???
The exclusionary rule
In _____, the court"s landmark ruling prohibited states from paying instructors hired by parochial schools to teach secular subjects, ultimately creating a three part "test" for similar cases.
Lemon vs kurtzman
Within the free - excerise clause, the Supreme Court has distinguished between ______ and _____
Religious beliefs ; actions based on those beliefs
What concept involves the use of evidence that was seized after a judge issued an erroneous warrant ??
Good faith exception
The free expression clauses are the provisions of the first amendment involving
Press and speech
What declares that " a well regulated militia " and the right of the people to keep and bear arms will not be taken away ??
For groups dissatisfied with rulings from the nations courts which pluralist actions offers countermeasures to judicial intervention??
Initiatives and referendum
What makes the fourteenth amendment important
It extends constitutional protections to the states
The first time the Supreme Court ruled on any type of firearms issue , in 1939 it unanimously ruled that citizens were not protected by the constitution regarding
Sawed off shotguns
The first amendment protects the publication of all statements about public officials even false ones except those that reflect ?
To distinguish between similar legal concepts we can say that persons possess ______ but governments possess ______??
Rights ; powers
In the area of free speech the United States is unique among all the world's democratic nations in that it ??
Protects threatening and hateful speech
The meaning of the ninth amendment was clarified by the Supreme Court for the first time in 1965 when it was cited to protect privacy , a right that??
Is not described in the constitution
Once the bill of right was written and ratified it imposed limits on
The national government but not on the state government
Which clauses of the constitution specifically prevents the government from interfering with a person 's religious practice ??
Free excerise clause
At the time constitutional convention many new England era thought the national goervnment could and should ______ though many more Americans felt state government should decide on this ???