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The Americas Test
Terms in this set (26)
Center of trade
Located near the Ethiopian Highlands and the Nile River
What were the two causes for the development of African Culture?
Agriculture was subsistence farming with simple digging using sticks and hoes
Trans-Saharan trade routes led to the development of strong trading kingdoms throughout the continent and was very important In the spreads of Islam from the Middle East throughout North Africa
What are the four characteristics of the Axum?
Center of caravan trade routes to Egypt
Has miles of coastline and ports on Red Sea and influence over maritime trade on Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean
Traded goods and ideas with Egypt, Arabia, Persia, India, Rome
Axum adopted Christianity and Ethiopia had always been a predominantly Christian kingdom
Who were the farmers and traders living Delete north word of the Niger River, in between the salt deposits of the Sahara and gold mines of the Savanna?
The first West African Kingdom because of control of the gold and salt trade and revenues from taxing all of the trade caravans coming through
What was a leader or War Chief called
What tribe first practiced animalism (worship of nature spirits) but converted to Islam after contact with the Arabs through trade?
In 1076 who defeated Ghana?
Ghana's economics were based on what two things?
Gold and trade
What did the people of Ghana demand when they conquered tribes?
They demanded tribute
How much power did the kings in Ghana have?
What were the kingdoms in Ghana held together by...?
Strong personal rule, not loyalty to nation
Who was Mali founded by?
Who was Mali's most famous king?
Mansa Musa; ruled at the peak of Mali's power
Mansa Musa made the Hajj with what three things (and their amounts)?
Slaves dressed in silk: 12,000
How did Timbuktu become a renowned city?
Where is Zimbabwe located?
Located near the Zembezi and Limpopo Rivers and the Indian Ocean coast
Which empire was at its peak at the same time as the Mali kingdom?
Which kingdom conquered large salt mines to gain control of salt trade?
Which empire's kingdom was peaceful and safe?
Which empire declined due to internal rivalries, Bedouin raids, and rebellions by vassal states?
Which empire means "great stone house" because the kingdom was famous for its huge stone palaces and buildings?
Which empire was founded by the Bantu, Shona, or Lemba people circa 11th century?
Which empire was the center of southern Africa's gold industry?
Which part of the country is made up of independent city states self governing city that also controlled surrounding countryside?
Which part of the country had traders brought out ivory, gold, and animal skins through the Indian Ocean?
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