WHAP Chapter 26
Terms in this set (30)
ottoman sultan (1789-1807) attempted to improce administrative efficiency and build a new army and navy; assassinated by the Janissaries
19th Ottomon sultan; built a private, professional army; crushed the Janissaries and initiated reforms based on Western precedents
Western-style reforms within the Ottoman Empire between 1839 and 1876; including a European-influenced constitutionin 1876
Ottoman sultan (1878-1908) who tried to return to despotic absolutism; nullified constitution and restricted civil liberties.
Ottoman Society for Union and Progress
Yougn turks; intelletuals and political agitators seeking the return of the 1876 constitution; gained power through a coup in 1908.
rulersof Egypt under the Ottomans; defeated by Napoleon in 1798; revealed the vulnerability of the Muslim world
controlled Egypt following the French withdrawl; but failed to greatly change Egypt
descendants of Muhammad Ali and rulersof Egypt until 1952
Built to link the Mediterranean and Red seas; opened in 1869; British
later occupied Egypt to safeguard their financial and strategic interests.
Muslim thinker in Egypt during the latter part of the 19th century; stressed the need for adoption of Western scientific learning and technology and the importance of rational inquiry within Islam.
Student of Muhammad Abduh; led revolt in 1882 against Turkish influence in Egyptian army; forced Khedive to call on British army for support
Muhammad Achmed, the leader of a Sudanic Sufi brotherhood; began a holy war against the Egyptians and British and founded a state in the Sudan
Sucessor of the Mahdi; defeated and killed by British General Kitchener in 1898
united the Manchus early in the 17th century; defeated the Ming and established the Qing dynasty
Qing ruler and Confucian scholar (1661-1722); promoted Sinification among the Manchu.
wealthy group of merchants under the Qing; specialized in the import-export trade on China's south coast
19th-century Chinese official charged during the 1830s with ending the opium trade in southern China; set off the events leading to the Opium War.
Fought between Britain and Qing China beginning in 1839 to protect the British trade in opium; British victory demonstrated Western superiority over China.
massive rebellion in Southern China during the 1850s and 1860s led by Hong Xinquan
popular outburst aimed at expelling foreigners from China
chinese revolutionary ruler, of schoalr-gentry background
deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
member of elite fighting force comprised of christian slaves in the Ottoman Empire
"Sick Man of Europe"
Used to refer to the Ottoman Empire's decline in Europe in comparison to the other nations.
White Lotus Society
Secret religious society dedicated to overthrow of Yuan dynasty in China; typical of peasant resistance to Mongol rule
how members of the Ottoman Society for Union and Progress were known
A worldwide movement, originating in the 19th century that sought to establish and develop a Jewish nation in Palestine. Since 1948, its function has been to support the state of Israel.
Treaty of Nanking
Treaty that concluded the Opium War. It awarded Britain a large indemnity from the Qing Empire, denied the Qing government tariff control over some of its own borders, opened additional ports of residence to Britons, and ceded Hong Kong to Britain.
a river town that was the center of Egyptian administration