Chapter 6 Quiz/Test

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Terms in this set (...)

primary group
people who are emotionally close, know one another well, and seek one another's company
primary relationship
interactions that are intimate, personal, caring, and fulfilling
how do primary groups develop
small size, face to face contact, continuous contact, proper social environment
secondary groups
people who share only part of their lives while focusing on a goal or a task
secondary relationships
impersonal interactions involving limited parts of personalities
reference groups
a group used for self-evaluation and the formation of attitudes, values, beliefs, and norms
in-groups
exclusive group demanding intense loyalty (band group)
out-groups
groups that are targeted by an in-group for opposition, antagonism, or competition (sports teams)
Types of social interaction
Robert Nisbet : cooperation, conflict, social exchange, coercion, and conformity
cooperation
interaction in which individuals or groups combine their efforts to reach a goal (sports)
conflict
interaction aimed at defeating an opponent (grades). benefit of this is social change
social exchange
a voluntary action performed in the expectation of getting a reward in return
coercion
an interaction in which individuals or groups are forced to behave in a particular way. this is the opposite of social change
conformity
the behavior that matches group expectations
group think
self deceptive thinking that is based on conformity to group beliefs and is created by group pressure to conform
formal organization
group deliberately created to achieve one or more long term goals (social studies department)
bureaucracy
formal organization based on rationality and efficiency
characteristics of bureaucracies
division of labor based on the principle of specialization, hierarchy of authority, system of rules and procedures, written records of work and activities, promotion on the basis of merit and qualifications
rationalization
the mind set emphasizing knowledge, reason, and planning
informal organization
groups within a formal organization in which personal relationships are guided by norms, rituals, and sentiments that are not part of the formal organizations. Ex : teachers at school
iron law or oligarchy
a theory that power increasingly becomes concentrated in the hands of a few members of any organization
group
at least two people who have one or more goals in common and share common ways of thinking and behaving
social category
people who share social characteristics
social aggregate
people temporarily in the same place at the same time
charles horton cooley
first to use the term primary group
Robert nisbet
described the five types of social interaction