3 minutes without oxygen 3 hours without shelter in extreme conditions 3 days without water 3 weeks without food/nourishment ??? without the will to live
Things to consider when planning any trip
who...is invited what...do we need when...will we be back where...are we going why...because I can how...much will I take
Why is there a push for the outdoors?
Seven Principles of Leave No Trace
1. Plan Ahead and prepare 2. travel and camp on durable surfaces 3. dispose of waste properly 4. leave what you find 5. minimize campfire impact 6. respect wildlife 7. be considerate of other visiters
Leave No Trace Slogans
Pack it in, pack it out Take only pictures, leave only footprints Leave it cleaner than you found it
Who is responsible for the outdoors?
We all are! practice the 7 principles, educate others and lead by example
How much weight should guys carry when backpacking?
1/3 of their lean body weight
How much weight should girls carry when backpacking?
1/4 of their lean body weight
3 parts to the compass
needle- magnetic- points to magnetic north dial- part with numbers- can turn it around plate- tells us where to go/what direction to travel
#1 thing to know about orienteering?
Where you are on the map
"3 rooms to bring backpacking"
Bathroom, kitchen, bedroom
How to pack a pack for backpacking
Heavy stuff goes on top near the back Sleeping bag goes last Water also goes last
When hiking on a trail...
the slowest person leads the pack the most experienced person is the tail (the sweep) people going up hill, have right of way when passing horses, step way off the trail corral dogs when passing horses
Save our Souls 3 of anything means I am in trouble
How long does it take an organic apple to decompose?
How long does it take a cigarette to decompose?
The tobacco part- 2 years The butt- 25+ years
How long does it take metal to decompose?
How long does it take plastic to decompose?
How long does it take glass to decompose?
When do things never decompose?
on glaciers or high altitudes
5 dangers to white water
hydraulics (off a waterfall and water spirals) foot entrapment (foot caught in rock) strainer (when tree falls in and current pulls under) Pinning (getting caught between the boat and a rock) Hypothermia (happens when in wet water between 40-50 degrees)
What do you need to have in the boat with you?
A PFD- personal flotation device Have to have one per person
Parts to a paddle
blade shaft grip
three types of grips
pear Y T
Who steers the canoe?
The person in the stern
for turning corners push out, then pull in sharp.
for the person in the back forward stroke, then pull back into a J shape to slow down and turn
front person Hold it straight up and down and push
Order to save things if tipping happens
Self vehicle (boat) Keys (paddles) equipment
6 Dimensions of Well-Being
Physical- do something physical every day, even if it is going for a walk
Occupational- do something you enjoy. Life is short.
Social- we need to have friends and down time
Spiritual- We need to believe in something, while also respecting what others believe
Intellectual- We need to learn something new every day
Emotional- Balance happy and sad know how to handle both