Terms in this set (29)
God promises David an eternal dynasty
2 Samuel 7
A hope for a "new covenant" that God will make his people
The reason for the fall and exile of Samaria, capital of Israel (722 BC), is explained at length
2 Kings 17
A figure called God's "Servant" who will die for the sins of the people and make them righteous
God will transform everything, resulting in a "new heavens and new earth"
An explicit statement of hope in the resurrection of the dead
The argument that you will become wise by fearing God and listening to instruction
Cyrus, king of Persia, allows the Jewish exiles in Babylon to return
What biblical books are included in the "Deuteronomistic History"
Joshua, Judges, the First and Second Books of Samuel, and the First and Second Books of Kings
Why do scholars call these books "Deuteronomistic"?
they use the same story and vocabulary and have references to deutronomy
Why are these books considered to form a single literary work?
Single literary work: single plot, shared vocab/style, argument explains exile. These books are understood when they are read as a whole. If specific verses are taken out of one book, they usually cannot be understood because all four books need to be read.
We discussed eight major arguments in the book of Genesis. List them.
1. God's creation is good.
2. Yahweh created the world and there is a creator.
3. Humanity was created for good and autonomy for evil.
4. God is gracious and committed to working with messed up people.
5. Promise to Abraham.
6. Second born motif: God works in unexpected ways.
7. People should respond to God in belief.
8. God is in control and works in human lives.
In several places, the New Testament writers refer to God's promise to Abraham; one of these is Acts 3:25-26. Describe what this passage says about the promise to Abraham.
God's promise to Abe was the land, blessings, and descendants. This passage has the plot line of the Pentateuch in it: it threatens to elements of the promise and then adds partial fulfillment. It talks about how Jesus is the offspring of Abraham who blesses by turning people from sin.
Who are the first two kings of Israel? List specific incidents from the story in 1 Samuel in which the author is showing which king is pleasing to God and which king is not.
The first two kings of Israel are Saul and David. There are two incidences. One is that Saul tried to kill David. The other is that David spared Saul's life twice.
Can Israelites prophesy be limited to simple prediction of future events? Discuss in detail three pieces of evidence relating to this issue.
No, Israelite prophecy cannot be limited to simple prediction of future events.
1. David seeing tower. The layers of the tower represent future deterioration of the world over time. Or, when the rocks comes falling down, it means that everything can collapse at anytime in present time. It doesn't just represent the future.
2. In Numbers, the prophets talk a lot about blessings or curses over families.
3. In Amos, people are addressed and are criticized for present wrong doings and if they continue to do those things, then the consequences will occur.
When the prophets accuse their contemporaries of negative behavior, what four categories of behavior do they condemn?
worship of other Gods
alliance with other nations
When prophets talk about restoration in the future, what does this future look like? List seven things that the prophets hope for.
1. Spiritual transformation
2. Renewed relationship
3.Return from exile
4. Bad guy judge, good guys delivered
5. Transformation for the nations
6. Coming Davidic ruler-Messiah
7. Cosmic restoration
Be able to identify four most common forms of prophetic speech if I give you short examples from the biblical text.
1. Accusation (accusing people)
List four differences between prophetic speech and prophetic books.
Prophetic Speech is short, oral, simple, and small. While prophetic books are long, complex, literary, and large.
Describe how the book of Hosea contains evidence for explaining how prophetic speech is composed into a prophetic book.
It is in the last verse. It is not the person talking, but the person writing it. It is saying to the reader to read it and learn about God from it. It is to all the people that read it. It turns the whole story into the bigger audience reading it.
Which two prophets prophesied during the siege and fall of Jerusalem, and spoke about these events?
Ezekiel and Jeremiah.
List the three most common types of psalms.
What are the two main arguments of the book of Job?
The two main arguments in Job is the argument of frame, God deserves a true relationship. It is about real true righteousness, and the argument of speech, suffering does not equal sin. All his friends say that Job is suffering because he must have sinned.
Explain how the story line creates these two arguments.
Argument of frame is showing the conversation God had with Satan saying that Job will be righteous through anything. Satan says it is because God is bribing him, but God says it isn't. So God says you can do anything, but kill him. Job goes through it all and comes out strong. The argument of speech is all of Job's family and friends saying that he is getting punished for sin he has committed.
What is the main theme of the book of Daniel? Describe one specific way that the author creates this theme by what he chose to record in the book.
The Kingdom of God lasts forever, but the human's kingdom does not and will eventually come to an end. He choses to write about the interpretation of dreams, humans fall before/humans always fall before God, humans have a lifespan and God never fails to exist, God has an everlasting life and he will never die, God lasts forever, and Jesus quotes the book of Daniel who asked if he was the messiah.
The English word "messiah" is derived from the Hebrew word mashiach. What does the Hebrew word mean?
the Anointed king
Messianic expectation in the Second Temple period was built on Old Testament passages that created hope for the arrival of an agent sent by God to solve certain problems. List three of these agent-roles, and cite a book & chapter where they are described.
Prophet like moses Deuteronomy 18 & 34
Davidic King 2 Samuel, Genesis 49, Numbers 24, and Isaiah 11
Deliverer Isaiah 61
Heavenly Ruler Daniel 7
Suffering Servant Isaiah 53
You should now be able to explain the books of the Old Testament both in their historical context and with respect to how they function as Scripture. So for this two part essay: 1. What evidence do you have that the Old Testament authors were trying to address very specific human problems in very specific historical settings? Give some detailed examples of how the authors of the books (not the characters in the books!) are trying to provide solutions to problems that their readers are facing. 2. Explain how a biblical book functions as Scripture for later readers. It may not have been written to you; but why do you believe it was written for you? How do you read it in the context of a larger Scripture collection? Choose a book and give specific and detailed examples.
We see the author of 1 and 2 samuel is reminding the jews in exile of the promises to david of blessing. The author of Joshua urges readers obedience to God will lead them to future success, and the Jews disobedience is what lead them to exile while wondering what lead them there. The book of esther shows that no matter what someone has done, God can still work through his people. And in hosea we can see and learn about God's faithfulness to us even in rebellion just as Hosea was faithful to his wife when she turned away from him. As well as a warning of truly knowing who God and where disobedience will lead a person to, like the falling of samaria to the assyrians.
It has been argued that God's promise to Abraham (Gen 12) forms one of the main plot lines of the Pentateuch. What three things does God promise to Abraham? Demonstrate that the promise to Abraham is central to the plot of the Pentateuch by describing in detail five specific incidents in the story in which the fulfillment of the promise is threatened -- and how the threat is overcome.
In Genesis 12 canaanites were in the land but in Joshua the promise of land is filled when the israelites go into the land. A threat to the descendants in Genesis 11 is sarah is barren and in chapter 16 abraham slept with hagar and has ishmael which was not God's will. This is fulfilled through the birth of Isaac, it's threatened again in chapter 22 when God asks Abraham to sacrifice isaac, but that is overcome through Abraham's obedience and the provision of a lamb. In genesis 13, lot receives the best land that abraham has been promised and those are both fulfilled when the israelites enter the land again in Joshua.