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34 terms

Asia

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Visa Ban
A US policy that bans the entry of civilians from majority-Muslim countries
Executive Order
A rule issued by the president that has the force of law
Visa
A legal document that grants permission to a foreign-born to reside in a country
Refugee
A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster
Atheism
Believing that God does not exist
Polytheism
Belief in many gods
Monotheism
Belief in one God
Confucianism
A philosophy of ethics, education, and public service based on the writings of Confucius and traditionally thought of as one of the core elements of Chinese culture
Hinduism
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms
Buddhism
A religion founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama which teaches that the most important thing in life is to reach peace by ending suffering.
Sikhism
A monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam
Islam
A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Paradise and Hell, and a body of law written in the Quran. Followers are called Muslims.
Jihad
A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Arab Spring
A revolutionary wave of protests and demonstrations overtaking dictators in the Middle East (2011)
North Korea
This entire country was controlled by Japan until 1945 when it was divided and became communist with the help of the Soviet Union. North Korea is known for its totalitarian government and isolationism
Overpopulation
The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
Overcrowding
The situation in which more people are living within an area that there is space for, so that movement is restricted, privacy is difficult, hygiene impossible and rest/sleep is challenging
Population Density
A measurement of the number of persons per unit land area.
Saikeirei
45 degree bow in Japan, indicating deep apology or deep respect
Keirei
30 degree bow in Japan, used in formal settings or for individuals "above"
Eshaku
15 degree bow in Japan, used with aquaintances
Meditation
A family of mental exercises in which a conscious attempt is made to focus attention in a nonanalytical way.
Caste System
A set of rigid social categories in Indian Hindi society that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society
Brahmin
A member of the highest of the four Hindu varnas
Kshatriyas
The warrior and aristocrat varna of the caste system.
Vaishya
The third Hindu Caste, that of the three merchants, traders, farmers, and craftsmen.
Sudra
Caste that made up most of the Indian population; most were peasants and manual laborers; they had limited rights in society
Dalit
"the untouchables" Had to do lowest tasks like cleaning the streets, etc. So ritually impure that standing in one's shadow was considered impure.
Dharma
The fulfillment of one's social and religious duties in Hinduism
Karma
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
Reincarnation
In Hinduism and Buddhism, the process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding
Philippine War on Drugs
A current ongoing policy in the Philippines where drug users and sellers are subject to extrajudicial punishment. This has resulted in the death of 9000 Filipinos
Rodrigo Duterte
President of the Philippines
Extrajudicial
Happening out of court