Chapters 8 & 9: Life at the Turn of the Century & Progressive Era

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Terms in this set (...)

Plessy vs. Ferguson
An 1896 Supreme Court case that ruled that separation of the races in public places was legal, establishing "separate but equal."
Segregation
The separation of people on the basis of race.
Jim Crow Laws
Laws enacted by Southern states and local governments to separate white and black people in public and private places.
Progressive Movement
A reform movement to return the control of the government to the people, to restore economic opportunities, and to correct the injustices in American life.
Prohibition
The period from 1920-1933 during the 18th Amendment which forbid the manufacturing and sale of alcohol.
Muckracker
A magazine journalist who exposed the corrupt side of business and public life in the early 1900's.
1. Protecting Social Welfare
2. Promoting Moral Improvement
3. Creating Economic Reform
4. Fostering Efficiency
4 goals of Progressivism
Goal 1 - Promoting Social Welfare
Worked to soften some of the harsh conditions of industrialization. Examples - help the poor through community centers, churches, and social services.
Goal 2- Promoting Moral Improvement
Wanted immigrants and poor city dwellers to uplift themselves by improving their personal behavior. Example - prohibition.
Goal 3 - Creating Economic Reform
Commented on the uneven balance among big business, government, and ordinary people. Generally, big business often received favorable treatment from the government . Examples - muckrakers who wrote about the corruption.
Goal 4 - Fostering Efficiency
Making society and the workplace more efficient (organized). Examples - assembly lines, 8 hour work days, good pay.
Farm Women
In addition to household tasks like cooking, making clothes, and laundry. Women also did other chores like raising livestock, plow and plant fields, and harvest the crops.
Women in Industry
Women worked in clothing factories, offices, stores, classrooms.
Domestic Workers
Women without education would clean for families, cooks, laundresses, and maids.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Co-Leader of the Seneca Falls Convention
Wrote the Declaration of Sentiments about the struggle of women's rights and woman suffrage
President of the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA)
Susan B. Anthony
Cast a "test" vote in a Presidential Election, was found guilty, & was forced to pay a fine
Opposed abortion
Lucretia Mott
Co-Leader of the Seneca Falls Convention
Anti-slavery and Women's rights activist
Quaker minister
Often sheltered runaway slaves in home
Carrie Chapman Catt
Iowa Woman Suffrage Association & International Woman Suffrage Association
Woman's Peace Party during WWI
People who need help should get help from the government.
Values of the progressive movement...
Alcohol was destroying family life and national morals.
Reason for prohibition