AP English Terms
Terms in this set (46)
The use of symbols in a story, picture, etc., to convey a hidden or ulterior meaning, typically a moral or political one; symbolic representation
The commencement of adjacent or closely connected words with the same sound or letter; an instance of this; spec. (in Old and Middle English and other Germanic poetry) the commencement of certain accented syllables of a verse with the same consonant or consonantal group, or with any vowel sounds.
An implied, indirect, or passing reference to a person or thing; (in later use more widely) any reference to someone or something.
The repetition of the same word or phrase in several successive clauses.
An opposition or contrast of ideas, expressed by using as the corresponding members of two contiguous sentences or clauses, words which are the opposites of, or strongly contrasted with, each other; as 'he must increase, but I must decrease,' 'in newness of spirit, not in the oldness of the letter'.
A figure of speech, by which a speaker or writer suddenly stops in his discourse, and turns to address pointedly some person or thing, either present or absent; an exclamatory address.
Resemblance or correspondence of sound between two words or syllables.
A song that tells a story and originally was a musical accompaniment to a dance. We can distinguish certain basic characteristics common to large numbers of ballads: the beginning is often abrupt; the language is simple; the story is told through dialogue and action; the theme is often tragic (though there are comic ballads); there is often a refrain.
Correspondence of sounds in words or syllables; recurrence of the same or like sounds. Agreement of sounds; pleasing combination of sounds.
A pair of successive lines of verse, esp. when rhyming together and of the same length.
a rhyming couplet in iambic pentameter; the verse form consisting of such couplets
A song or poem of lamentation, esp. for the dead; a memorial poem.
That figure of speech which consists in the substitution of a word or expression of comparatively favorable implication or less unpleasant associations, instead of the harsher or more offensive one that would more precisely designate what is intended.
The action or process of removing difficulty or obscurity from, or making clear the meaning of a word, statement, symbol, action, etc. Also: something that effects this; an explanation, interpretation.
A theatrical work (usually short) which has for its sole object to excite laughter. Also something as ridiculous as a theatrical farce; a proceeding that is ludicrously futile or insincere; a hollow pretense, a mockery.
A character who serves as a contrast to another character. Often as a way to highlight the better qualities of that other character.
To serve as the shadow thrown before (an object); hence, to represent imperfectly beforehand, prefigure. Also rarely (of a person), to have a foreboding of.
A figure of speech consisting in exaggerated or extravagant statement, used to express strong feeling or produce a strong impression, and not intended to be understood literally.
The use of language to represent objects, actions, feelings, thoughts, ideas, states of mind and any sensory or extra-sensory experience.
In Media Res
A common method of beginning a story by starting in the midst of the action at some crucial point, when a good deal has already happened. The writer is then able to shuttle back and forth in time between inter-related incidents.
The reversal of the normal word order of a sentence
Verbal irony involves saying what one does not mean, or the contrast between what is said and what is meant. Situational irony occurs when, for instance, a person is laughing uproariously at the misfortune of another even while the same misfortune, unbeknownst, is happening to him.
The action of placing two or more things close together or side by side, or one thing with or beside another; the condition of being so placed.
A figure of speech in which a name or descriptive word or phrase is transferred to an object or action different from, but analogous to, that to which it is literally applicable; an instance of this, a metaphorical expression.
A figure of speech characterized by the action of substituting for a word or phrase denoting an object, action, institution, etc., a word or phrase denoting a property or something associated with it; an instance of this.
The formation of a word from a sound associated with the thing or action being named; the formation of words imitative of sounds.
A figure of speech in which a pair of opposed or markedly contradictory terms are placed in conjunction for emphasis.
An apparently absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition, or a strongly counter- intuitive one, which investigation, analysis, or explanation may nevertheless prove to be well- founded or true.
Correspondence, in sense or construction, of successive clauses or passages; an instance of this; a sentence or passage which exemplifies this.
The impersonation or embodiment of some quality or abstraction; the attribution of human qualities to inanimate objects.
The narrative perspective used to tell a story. Typically either first- or third-person, and then further delineated using qualifiers such as omniscient, limited, objective, etc.
The use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more meanings or different associations, or of two or more words of the same or nearly the same sound with different meanings, so as to produce a humorous effect; a play on words.
A stanza of four lines, esp. one having alternate rhymes; four lines of verse.
A unifying element in nearly all poetry and much prose. It may consist of sounds, particular syllables and words, phrases, stanzas, metrical patterns, ideas, allusions, and shapes.
In verse or prose, the movement or sense of movement communicated by the arrangement of stressed or unstressed syllables and by the duration of the syllables. In verse, the rhythm depends on the metrical pattern.
The art of using language effectively so as to persuade or influence others, esp. the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques to this end; the study of principles and rules to be followed by a speaker or writer striving for eloquence, esp. as formulated by ancient Greek and Roman writers.
A medieval narrative relating the legendary or extraordinary adventures of some hero of chivalry.
A poem or (in later use) a novel, film, or other work of art which uses humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize prevailing immorality or foolishness, esp. as a form of social or political commentary.
A comparison of one thing with another, esp. as an ornament in poetry or rhetoric.
A fourteen-line poem divided into two parts: the first eight lines comprise the octave or octet and rhyme abbaabba; the following six lines or sestet usually rhyme cdecde.
A fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter consisting of three quatrains and a concluding couplet. Also known as the English sonnet. The rhyme scheme is normally abab, cdcd, efef, gg (or abba, cddc, effe, gg).
A speech, often of some length, in which a character, alone on the stage, expresses his thoughts and feelings.
An object, animate or inanimate, which represents or 'stands for' something else. A symbol differs from an allegorical sign in that it has real existence, whereas an allegorical sign is arbitrary.
A figure of speech in which a more inclusive term is used for a less inclusive one or vice versa, as a whole for a part or a part for a whole.
The subject of discourse, discussion, conversation, meditation, or composition; a topic.
The reflection of a writer's attitude (especially toward their readers), manner, mood and moral outlook in their work; even, perhaps, the way their personality pervades the work.
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