Chapter 6: Running Water and Groundwater

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Water Cycle
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Terms in this set (29)
Natural Leveean elevated landform that parallels a stream and acts to confine its waters, except during floodstageFlood Plainthe flat, low-lying portion of a stream valley subject to periodic floodingFloodoccurs when the discharge of a stream becomes so great that it exceeds the carrying capacity of its channel and overflows its banksDrainage Basinthe land area that contributes water to a streamDividean imaginary line that separates the drainage of two streams; often found along a ridgePorositythe volume of open spaces in rock or soilPermeabilitya measure of a material's ability to transmit fluidsAquiferrock or soil through which groundwater moves easilyZone of Saturationzone where all open spaces in sediment and rock are completely filled with waterGround Waterwater underground in the zone of saturationWater Tablethe upper level of the saturated zone of groundwaterSpringa well in which the water naturally rises above the level of the water tableGeysera hot spring or fountain that ejects water at various intervalsWellan opening bored into the zone of saturationArtesian Wella flow of groundwater that emerges naturally at the ground surfaceCaverna naturally formed underground chamber or series of chambers most commonly produced by solution activity in limestoneTravertinea form of limestone that is deposited by hot springs or as a cave depositKarst Topographyan area that has a land surface or topography with numerous depressions called sinkholesSinkholea depression produced in a region where soluble rock has been removed by groundwater

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