CNA Chapter 11 Memorial
Terms in this set (130)
The time between puberty and adulthood; a time of rapid growth and physical, sexual, emotional, and social changes.
Changes in mental, emotional, and social function.
A skill that must be completed during a stage of development.
The release of semen.
The physical changes that are measured and that occur in a steady, orderly manner.
The first year of life.
The first menstruation and the start of menstrual cycles.
The time when menstruation stops and menstrual cycles end.
A person of the same age-group and development for each age-group.
The person mainly responsible for providing or assisting with the child's basic needs.
The period when reproductive organs begin to function and secondary sex characteristics appear.
An involuntary movement.
Sexual arousal or romantic attraction to persons of the other gender (heterosexual), the same gender (homosexual), or both genders (bisexual).
Teen Dating Violence
The physical, sexual, psychological, or emotional violence within a dating relationship as well as stalking.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Central Nervous System
Intimate Partner Violence
Changes in mental, emotional, and social function are called
These statements are about growth and development. Which is true?
Each stage has its own characteristics.
Which reflexes does the infant need for feeding?
The rooting and sucking reflexes.
Which occurs first in infants?
Holding the head up.
An infant can stand alone at about
A 6-month-old can
Babble and make gurgling sounds.
Toilet training begins
During the toddler years.
The toddler can
Use a spoon and cup.
Playing with other children begins during
The preschool years
Losing baby teeth usually begins at the age of
Peer groups become important to
Reproductive organs begin to function. Secondary sex characteristics appear. This is called
Which is true
Menarche marks the onset of puberty in girls.
Dating usually begins
Can occur electronically or in person.
Adolescence is a time when parents and children
Young adulthood involves
Maiking career choices.
Middle adulthood ranges from
40 to 60 years
Middle adulthood is a time when
Children are grown and leave home.
The first menstruation and the start of menstrual cycles is
This is the time between puberty and adulthood; a time of rapid growth and physical social maturity.
The release of semen is
The period when reproductive organs begin to function and secondary sex characteristics appear is
This is the first year of life.
Changes in mental, emotional, and social function is
An involuntary movement is a
This is the physical changes that can be measured and that occur in a steady, orderly manner.
The person mainly responsible for providing or assisting with the child's basic needs is the
A skill that must be completed during a stage of development is a
This is the time when menstruation stops and menstruavlcycles end.
A person of the same age-group and background is a
This refers to sexual arousal or romantic attraction to persons of the other gender, the same gender, or both genders.
This is the physical, sexual, psychological, or emotional violence within a dating relationship as well as stalking
Teen Dating Violence
Growth is measured all of these ways except
The ways a person behaves and thinks.
Growth and development begin
The process of growth and development
Occurs from the center of the body outward.
Movements in the newborn are uncoordinated and lack purpose because
The central nervous system is not well developed.
The birth weight of a newborn
Triples in the first year.
Reflexes present in newborns
Decline and then disappear as the central nervous system develops.
Infants can play peek-a-boo by
During toddlerhood, the child may have temper tantrums and say "no" to
A major task for toddlers is
Toddlers learn to feel secure when
Primary caregivers are consistently present when needed.
Three-year-olds are able to
Play simple games and learn simple rules
During the pre-school years, children grow
2 to 3 inches per year and gain about 5 pounds per year.
Baby teeth are lost and permanent teeth erupt at about
6 years of age
Reading, writing, grammar, and math skills develop during
Girls have a growth spurt during
During late childhood, children
Increase math and language skills.
Girls reach puberty
When menarche occurs
Coordination and graceful movements develop in adolescence as
Muscle and bone growth even out
Adolescents need guidance and discipline because
Judgement and reasoning are not always sound
Teens usually do not understand why parents worry about sexual activities, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted diseases because
They may have trouble controlling urges and considering the consequences of sexual activity.
Young adulthood includes all of these tasks except
Adjusting to physical changes.
A developmental task of middle adulthood is
Developing leisure-time activities.
Center for Disease Control & Prevention
Central Nervous System
Intimate Partner Violence
When caring for a 1-year-old, you can gain the child's trust while checking the pulse when you
1. Ask the parent to hold the child.
2. Show the child the procedure on the parent
3. Let the child play with the stethoscope
4.Talk in a kind, playful voice
You show respect for different family situations when you
1. Do not gossip
2. Treat them as kindly as possible
3. Take pride in not allowing personal opinions
affect the care you give.
When children become emancipated minors, it means they are able to make their
Own legal decisions
A child can become emancipated by
2. Joining the armed forces
3. A court ruling
4. In some states by pregnancy and having
children other ways.
Legs extend and then flex
Moro (startle) Reflex
Occurs when baby is held upright and the feet touch a surface
Guides Baby's mouth to the Nipple
Occurs when lips are touched
Fingers close firmly around the object
Grasp (palmar) Reflex
Accepting changes in body and appearance
Developing leisure-time activities
Gaining control of bowel and bladder functions
Becoming independent from parents and adults
Learning to eat solid foods
Adjusting to decreased strength and loss of health
Learning how to study
Learning how to get along with peers
Increasing ability to communicate and understand others
Tolerating separation from primary caregiver
Learning to live with a partner
Developing moral or ethical behavior
Learning basic reading, writing, and arithmetic skills
Developing stable sleep and feeding patterns
Using words to communicate with others
Adjusting to aging parents
Accepting male and female role appropriate for one's age
Beginning to talk and communicate with others
Choosing education and a career
You are observing a newborn. You know the neonate
1. Sleeps 16-18 hours a day
2. Can turn the head from side to side
The Moro, rooting, and grasp reflexes disappear by
The baby can roll from front to back by
The baby can learn to drink from a cup with handles by
Walking skills increase by
During toddlerhood, the developmental tasks are
1. Tolerate separation from the primary caregiver
2. Gain control of bowel and bladder function
3. Use words to communicate
4. Become less dependent on the primary
Toilet training starts with
Bladder control during the day occurs before bladder control at
What personal skills can be done by 3-year-olds?
1. Put on clothes
2. Manage buttons
3. Wash their hands
4. Brush their teeth
4-year-olds prefer the primary caregiver of the
Communication skills increase in 5-year-olds.
1. They can speak in full sentences
2. Questions have more meaning
3. The child wants words defined
Play activities in school-age children have a
School-age children like household tasks such as
Cleaning, cooking, and yard work
Rewards are important, such as
Good grades, trophies, payment for chores, and scouting badges.
The developmental tasks of late childhood are
1. Becoming independent of adults and learn to
depend on oneself
2. Develop and keep friendships with peers
3. Understand physical, psychological, and
4. Develop moral and ethical behavior
5. Develop greater muscular strength,
coordination, and balance
6. Learn how to study
The development tasks of adolescence are
1. Accept changes in body and appearance
2. Develop appropriate relationships with others
and begin to attract partners.
3. Become independent from parents and adults
4. Prepare for marriage and family life
5. Prepare for a career
6. Develop the morals, attitudes, and values
needed to function in society.
During adolescence, girls and boys need about
9 and a half hours of sleep at night at night because of rapid growth.
Girls usually complete development by age
Boys usually stop growing between
Teen dating violence often begins with
Teasing and name calling
During young adulthood, little physical growth occurs but
Mental and social development continues
Many factors affect the selection of a partner during young adulthood. They include
During middle adulthood, weight control becomes a problem because
Metabolism and physical activity slows down.
People in middle adulthood may have parents who are
Aging and in poor health
The developmental tasks of late adulthood are
1. Adjust to decreased strength and loss of
2. Adjust to retirement and reduced income
3. Cope with a partner's death
4. Develop new friends and relationships
5. Prepare for one's own death