36 terms

5: Congress: Our Legislative Branch

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Terms in this set (...)

bill
A written proposal for a law.
Pigeonhole
If the chairperson decides that the bill is not of great importance, he or she may "pigeonhole" the bill.
Filibster
While the Senator speaks, the business of the Senate comes to a halt.
Pocket Veto
If Congress adjourns within ten days of submitting the bill to the President, the bill goes " into the President's pocket " and does not become a law, this method of killing a bill is know as a " pocket veto "
Article 1
establishes the legislative branch of the federal government, the United States Congress. The Congress is a bicameral legislature consisting of a House of Representatives and a Senate.
House of Representatives
The lower house of the US Congress and other legislatures, including most US state governments.
Senate
Any of various legislative or governing bodies, in particular
Bicameral
Having two branches or chambers.
Delegated Powers
Powers that are specifically assigned to the various branches of the federal government; the executive, legislative and judicial branches.
Enumerated Powers
Powers are those that the U.S. Constitution has specifically granted to the three branches of government.
Armed Forces
A country's military forces, especially its army, navy, and air force.
Coin and Print Money
A flat, typically round piece of metal with an official stamp, used as money.
Declare War
A declaration of war is a formal act by which one nation goes to war against another.
Foreign Relations
Foreign relations is the management of relationships and dealings between two countries.
Naturalization Laws
A law that grants national citizenship.
Regulation of Immigration
Laws, Regulations, and Guides Immigration and Nationality Act.
Regulation of Trade
Trade regulation is a field of law, often bracketed with antitrust, including government regulation of unfair methods of competition and unfair or deceptive business acts or practices.
Implied Powers
This "Necessary and Proper Clause" grants Congress a set of implied powers.
Necessary and Proper Clause
The Congress shall have Power to make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers.
Elastic Clause
A statement in the U.S. Constitution granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers.
Impeachment
Charge with misconduct.
Electoral college
A body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president.
Advice and Consent
Presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote, under the constitution.
Treaty
A formally concluded and ratified agreement between countries.
Presidential Appointments
List of positions filled by presidential appointment with Senate confirmation.
Conformation
The tendency to interpret new evidence as confirmation of one's existing beliefs or theories.
Oversight and investigative powers
Oversight powers are the U.S congress over the executive branch, and investigative powers are powers of a lawmaking body to conduct investigations.
Speaker of the House
The presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
President pro tempore of the senate
A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the vice president.
Majority leader
The head of the majority party in a legislative body, especially the U.S Senate or House of Representatives.
Minority leader
The head of the minority party in a legislative body, especially the US Senate or House of Representatives.
State of the union address
The President shall give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.
Standing Committee
A permanent committee that meets regularly.
Special Committee
The U.S Congress is a congressional committee appointed to perform a special function that is beyond the authority or capacity of a standing committee.
Committee Stage
The line-by-line, word-by-word examination of a bill and is the Member's first, and maybe only, opportunity to amend the provisions of the bill.
Veto
A constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.
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