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Midterm 1 IHum 201
Terms in this set (114)
What do archaeologists believe the Venus of Willendorf depicts?
a female fertility figure
Where were the cave paintings known as the Hall of the Bulls discovered?
Who was the first great architect known to history?
Who discovered the Minoan civilization?
Sir Arthur Evans
What was the first great literary work of ancient Mesopotamia?
Epic of Gilgamesh
Which Egyptian pharaoh rejected the traditional pantheon and focused Egyptian religion around the worship of a single god, Aton?
What distinctive artistic artifacts have been recovered from ancient Jericho?
According to the text, what have archaeologists posited that the purpose of Stonehenge was?
a solar calendar and observator
Which war provided the background for Homer's Iliad and Odyssey?
the Trojan War
How do scholars traditionally divide the history of ancient Egypt?
into four major periods
What colossal statue stands next to the pyramids at Giza?
What was the most common medium of the prehistoric art of the Cyclades islands?
Which of the following is an important archaeological discovery made by Heinrich Schliemann?
Royal Grave Circle at Mycenae
Which king is credited with creating the Babylonian legal code?
Where did the Sumerians first settle?
the Fertile Crescent
How did the art of Amarna differ from conventional Egyptian art?
It had greater lightness and naturalism
What development during the Neolithic period made possible the growth of communities and villages?
What civilization conquered the Babylonian Empire?
In general terms, what is most striking about Egyptian culture over the centuries?
its unity and consistency
What was Sumerian religion based upon?
What is the meaning of the Greek word from which the term "prophet" is derived?
one who speaks for another
In 70 A.D., Jerusalem was besieged and destroyed by
The prophet who delivered the Hebrews from bondage in Egypt was
The English word "Bible" comes from the Greek name of what ancient city?
The Decalogue is another name for
the Ten Commandments.
Who were the three kings of Israel prior to the dividing of the kingdom?
Saul, David, and Solomon
Job loses his family, health, and property because
it is a test of his faith.
Which is true of the Biblical account of creation?
Human beings are created last.
What is the term that means belief in one god?
The prophet Jonah is called by God to preach to the people of
What is the meaning of the Hebrew word "messiah?"
In the story of the Garden of Eden, God commands Adam and Eve
not to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
The Hebrews' deliverance from slavery in Egypt is known as
How is the Hebrew Bible divided?
the Law, the Prophets, and the Writings
Which grouping of Hebrew texts constitutes the Torah?
At the end of the Book of Jonah,
Jonah is upset that the Ninevites are not destroyed, but God teaches him compassion.
Who were the two sons of Abraham that, according to the Bible, went on to found the Hebrew and Arab nations?
Isaac and Ishmael
What is the Biblical meaning of "covenant"?
a commitment between God and humans
What is the Septuagint?
a Greek version of the Hebrew Old Testament
According to the Bible, who was the father (patriarch) of the Hebrews?
Which philosopher believed that our world was subject to constant change ("It is not possible to step into the same river twice")?
Which philosopher tried to explain phenomena in terms of the four elements fire, earth, air, and water?
In Greek music, what was the doctrine of ethos?
Music can influence human behavior.
Music can influence human behavior.
What was the meander found on Greek geometric pottery?
a maze pattern
Oedipus quarrels with Creon because
he thinks Creon is plotting to take the throne.
Who was the author of Antigone and Oedipus the King?
What is the situation in Thebes at the opening of Oedipus the King?
There is a terrible plague
The chorus's final lines say
not to call anyone happy until he or she is dead.
What was the relationship between religion and theater in Classical Greece?
Theater was considered to be a religious ritual.
Oedipus's real father is
Who was the greatest ancient Greek author of comedy plays?
Apollo's prophet at Thebes is named
How many children do Oedipus and Jocasta have?
Four—two sons and two daughters
Who was the first important Athenian tragic dramatist (author of the Oresteia trilogy)?
When Oedipus was born
his ankles were fastened together and he was left to die.
What was the primary function of the chorus in Sophocles's plays?
to provide a commentary upon a drama
Which Greek dramatist showed the most sympathy for the problems of women?
When Oedipus visits the oracle at Delphi,
he learns that he is destined to kill his father and marry his mother
Why doesn't Aristotle think that we need to wait until someone is safely dead to call him or her happy?
Happiness is a kind of activity.
For Aristotle, the good life is
acting rationally in accordance with the highest degree of virtue
According to the Ethics, is happiness unstable or easily changed?
Aristotle criticizes Plato's notion of the absolute good because
he doesn't see how the abstract notion would help people live any better.
Aristotle's most influential teacher was
What is the function or purpose of human beings, according to Aristotle?
In the Ethics, which person does Aristotle use as an example of someone who suffered a huge reversal of fortune?
From the reading in Culture and Values, what is an important concept that Aristotle developed regarding tragedy?
What does Aristotle say is the aim of politics, or the good that it aims at?
According to Aristotle, what is the thing that we always want for its own sake and not as a means to some other end?
Which one of the following is not one of the three prominent ideas of the good life that Aristotle mentions?
the military life
Which of the following is not part of Aristotle's most complete definition of happiness?
enjoying a good reputation
Why does Aristotle say that children can't be called happy?
They cannot yet act rationally in accordance with virtue
Aristotle says that it is difficult to act nobly if confronted with which of the following circumstances?
being alone in the world
Does Aristotle think that happiness depends on chance?
Who is the Roman equivalent to the Greek god Zeus?
What are the two main periods of Roman history called?
Republican and Imperial Rome
The principal building material of the Pantheon is
What elements of the Temple of Portunus did the Romans borrow from the Etruscans?
elevated podium and columned porch
What was the name of the large open space in the center of Rome used for meetings of the Senate and the assemblies of the people?
Where is The House of the Tragic Poet?
What was the significance of the Battle of Actium (31 B.C.E.) in the history of the Roman Republic?
Octavian became supreme ruler of Rome.
Who was the first emperor of the Roman Empire?
What was the function of the Pont du Gard?
It was an aqueduct.
What was the subject of the Jus Civile of Julius Caesar?
Which monument portrays Rome's campaign in the Dacian Wars in a spiral band of low-relief sculptures?
What people occupied Rome from 616 to 510 B.C.E.?
What architectural detail do we find on the Pantheon's roof?
What Roman class was represented in the Senate?
What political events characterized the last century of the Roman Republic (133 B.C.E. to 31 B.C.E.)?
power struggles between Marius, Sulla, Pompey and Caesar
According to the Ara Pacis, how did Augustus want to be remembered by future generations?
as a bringer of peace and stability
What event marks the end of the Roman Republic?
the Battle of Actium
What event in C.E. 476 marks the formal end of the Roman Empire in Western Europe?
the deposition of Romulus Augustulus
Portrait sculptures during the Roman Republic were
Which emperor established Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire?
Which powerful goddess is the main opponent of the Trojans in their journey to Italy?
What happens to the Trojan priest who tries to persuade the Trojans to destroy the wooden horse?
He is killed by sea serpents.
Which divinity is dedicated to the success of Carthage?
After the initial storm at sea in Book One, Aeneas and his companions arrive at
Why is Dido so hospitable to Aeneas and his men?
Venus makes Dido fall in love with Aeneas.
Aeneas's son is named
Iulus or Ascanius
Why doesn't Aeneas kill Helen when he sees her?
His mother tells him not to.
Why is Dido initially troubled by her love for Aeneas?
She has sworn not to remarry after the death of her first husband.
Why is Aeneas angry with Turnus?
Turnus killed Pallas.
Who kills Priam, the king of Troy?
Who is the Greek imposter who persuades the Trojans to bring the wooden horse into the city?
What is Aeneas's response to Turnus's plea for mercy?
He kills him.
What terms does Juno ask for in order to let the Trojans settle in Italy?
The people of Italy must retain their name, language, and customs
Aeneas's father is named
What convinces Aeneas to flee with his family instead of leaving them to fight the Greeks?
Divine signs (a flame that appears and a shooting star) indicate that he should leave.
Why does Aeneas leave Dido?
He is commanded to do so by the gods.
Aeneas and Dido begin a relationship when
a sudden rainstorm sent by Juno makes them take shelter in the same cave.
What does Dido do in response to Aeneas's departure?
She kills herself.
Who is the mother of Aeneas?
What happens to Aeneas's wife during the fall of Troy?
She gets lost and is killed, appearing to him as a ghost
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