30 terms

History 122 Midterm

Grand Alliance
Who: russia america britian
What: allies in the war
When: ww2
Sig:, Was the alliance of United States, Great Britain, and Soviet Union. The military resources of the Grand Alliance were awesome. The strengths of the United States were its mighty industry, its large population, and its national unity. (983)
Long Telegram
Who: Geroge Kennan
What: advising him to contain Communist expansion. Told Truman that if the Soviets couldn't expand, their Communism would eventually fall apart, and that Communism could be beaten without going to war.
When: 1946
SIg: this was the mentality that America had against communism
Mutually assured destruction
Who: Russia and USA (bitches be fine here)
What: A doctrine of military strategy and a national security policy in which a full scale use of nuclear weapons by two opposing sides would result in the total destruction of both the attacker and the defender.
When: Cold War
Who: Joesph McCarthy
What: accusing people of being communist so he can step up in the world
When:Early 50's
Sig:, The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Charles de Gaulle
Who: French general
What: French general that became president of France after World War II establishing a new government called the Fourth Republic and created a new constitution for the Fifth Republic that greatly enhanced the power of the president, which he became.
When: 1940's
Where: London
Sig: He created a government
Who: stallin russia
What: work camp, stalin died kept going
When: 1958
Where: Russia
Sig:, A vast system of Siberian prison camps and penal colonies set up during Stalin's dictatorship in which many thousands of opponents of the regime served long sentences or were executed.
Mao Zedong
Who: Jiang Jieshi
What: uprising against the chinese capitalist
Where: china
Sig:, This man became the leader of the Chinese Communist Party and remained its leader until his death. He declared the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 and supported the Chinese peasantry throughout his life.
Chiang Kai-Shek
What: leader of the nationalist
When:40' and 50's
Where: china
Sig:, General and leader of Nationalist China after 1925. Although he succeeded Sun Yat-sen as head of the Guomindang, he became a military dictator whose major goal was to crush the communist movement led by Mao Zedong. (p. 788)
Chinese Civil War
Who: Jiang Jieshi and mao zedong
What: war between communist and Capitalist
When: 1950
Where: china
Sig:, 1927-1950. (Suspended from 1937 to 1946 due to the second Sino-Japanese War) Civil war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT), or the Chinese Nationalist Party-led Nationalist Government of the Republic of China, and the Communist Party of China (CPC), for the control of each other's territory which eventually led to two de facto states, the Republic of China (ROC) in Taiwan and the People's Republic of China (PRC) in mainland China both claiming to be the legitimate government of China. The war began in April 1927, amidst the Northern Expedition,[7] and essentially ended when major active battles ceased in 1949-1950. Cross-Strait relations have been hindered by military threats and political and economic pressure, particularly over Taiwan's political status, with both governments officially adhering to a "One-China policy."
Korean War
Who: Korea and US
What: land struggle between the Communist and the Capitalist
When: 1950
Where: Korea
Sig:, After WWII, Korea had been partitioned along the 38th parallel into a northern zone governed by the Soviet Union, and a southern zone controlled by the U.S. In 1950, after the Russians had withdrawn, leaving a communist government in the North, the North invaded the South. The U.N. raised an international army led by the U.S. to stop the North. It was the first use of U.N. military forces to enforce international peace. Called a limited war, because the fighting was to be confined solely to the Korean peninsula, rather than the countries involved on each side attacking one another directly.
South Korea
Where: korea
Sig:, the antagonism between the Soviet Union and the US led to the establishment of 2 separate Korean governments. This one was overrules by the US and Syngman Rhee was installed as president.
38th Parallel
Sig:, latitudinal line that divided North and South Korea at approximatly the midpoint of the peninsula
Douglas MacArthur
What: general who led the battle in korea, wanted to nuke china, got driven back
Where: ww2 korea
Sig:, (1880-1964), U.S. general. Commander of U.S. (later Allied) forces in the southwestern Pacific during World War II, he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945 and administered the ensuing Allied occupation. He was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman.
Suez Canal Zone
Who: Egypt and britian
What: passage way for boats of trade
When: 1950's
Where: egypt
Sig:, demarcated in the Anglo-Egyptian treaty of 1936, was a great military enclave, housing thousands of troops, as well as workshops and stores, training areas and airfields. It was a bastion of power from which British military might could be dispatched in any direction., Occupied by British after Egypitan independence
Suez Crisis
What: broke the british agreement
Where: egypt
Sig:, (DDE) 1956, , when President Nasser of Egypt announced his intention to build a damn in the Suez to provide power and irrigation to Egypt, the United States offered its financial support, withdrawing it when Nasser spoke with the Communists on the subject. Nasser responded by nationalizing the Suez canal, which was previously owned by British and French stockholders. This hurt Europe by crippling their oil supply, most of which came from the Persian Gulf. The French and British retaliated by striking Egypt, confident that the United States would supply them with the oil they needed while they foughtwith the Middle East. President Eisenhower refused to do so, forcing the allies to withdraw their troops. As a result, U.N. troops acted for the first time to maintain peace and order in the world. Soviets tried to interfere. Eisenhown put the Strategic Air Command on alert.
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Who: Arab Leader
What: Promoted the idea of Pan-Arabism which led to the creation of the United Arab Republic in 1958
When: 1950's
Where: Egypt
Sig:Set out to modernize Egypt and end western domination, nationalized the Suez canal, led two wars against the Zionist state, remained a symbol of independence and pride, returned to socialism, nationalized banks and businesses, limited economic policies.
What: rebellion against the French who were in Algeria
When: 1954
Where: Algeria
Sig:, National Liberation Front -- underground movement by Algerian Muslims to gain independence from France.
Pieds Noirs
What: the french loyalist in the country, got attacked by fln
When: late 50's early 60's
Where: Algeria
Sig:, Colonists of Algeria until the end of the Algerian War in 1962. Specifically, Pieds-Noirs were French nationals of European descent, Sephardic Jews, and settlers from other European countries such as Spain, Italy, and Malta who were born in Algeria. Violently against French withdrawal.
Cuban Missile Crisis
What: russia sent missiles to cuba
When: 1962
Where: cuba
Sig:, An international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later.
Jacobo Arbenz
What: president that got forced out by cia put together a task force to over throw
When: 1954
Where: Guatemala
Sig:, Short termed President of Guatemala...Implemented a Land Reform Policy which mainly targeted the United Fruit Company by taking "uncultivated land"...US saw him as a communist threat...though to have ties with the Soviet Union...CIA Launches coup in 1954 to eject him from Presidency
Czech Arms Deal
What: less dependent on western arms
When: 1955
Where: Egypt
Sig:, Nasser made a deal to buy to buy arms from communist Czechoslovakia in September 1955. This angered the British because it decreased his dependence on Western arms. America was also upset, but unlike Britain, did not call for Nasser's overthrow. This increased tensions in the region until 1956 when Nasser recognized the People's Republic of China, which in turn led to removal of support in constructing the Aswan Dam.
Joesph Stalin
What: ruler who brought them to global dominance
When: 1953
Where: russia
Sig:, Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition (780)
Baghdad Pact
What:stop the spread of communism
When: 1959
Where: middle east
Sig:, mutual security agreement; signed by Great Britain, Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Pakistan in 1955; block possible expansion by the Soviet Union into the Middle East; US became an associate member in 1959.
Truman Doctrine
What: no communism in the western hemisphere
When: 1947
Where: america
Sig:, First established in 1947 after Britain no longer could afford to provide anti-communist aid to Greece and Turkey, it pledged to provide U.S. military and economic aid to any nation threatened by communism.
What: gave the green light to to built up military
When: 1950
Sig:, A National Security Council document, approved by President Truman in 1950, developed in response to the Soviet Union's growing influence and nuclear capability; it called for an increase in the US conventional and nuclear forces to carry out the policy of containment.
Yalu River
What: kept america from coming into china got driven back
Where: china korea border
Sig:, A river drawing the border between North Korea and China, which Chinese troops crossed when MacArthur attempted to push the Northerns across it and decisively end the war.
What: internal government agency that tried to hunt out communist
When: 50's
Sig:, House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered un-American propaganda, and searched out communism.
United Fruit Company
What: chiquita banana. president of guatmala tried to buy land for what it was worth, us said no.
When: early 50's
Where: guatemala
Sig:, company in which many U.S. citizens hold stocks in, controlled half the land in Guatemala and provided many jobs...when the government of Guatemala wanted to take the land, the U.S. intervened and over threw the government
Bay of Pigs
What: cia attempt to over throw castro. failed
When: 61
Where: cuba, coast of florida
Sig:, In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
Fidel Castro
Who: leader of Cuba
What: Nationalist
When: 1959
Where: Cuba
Sig:, Cuban revolutionary leader who overthrew the corrupt regime of the dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959 and soon after established a Communist state. He was prime minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and has been president of the government and First Secretary of the Communist Party since 1976.